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Dr Bones & Nurse Amy: The Survival Medicine Hour Of Doom & Bloom

Discussion in 'Survival (Preps & Homestead)' started by searcher, Mar 16, 2014.



  1. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    The Formula For Penicillin
    August 9, 2016


    [​IMG]
    The Penicillin Formula

    As you might know, I write mostly about how to deal with medical issues in situations where modern medical facilities and care don’t exist. Accumulating medications for disaster settings may be simple when it comes to finding aspirin and other non-prescription drugs, but prescription drugs will be hard to get for those who can’t write their own prescriptions or don’t have a relationship with an understanding physician. Antibiotics are a case in point.

    I consider this a major issue because there will be a much larger incidence of infections when people have to fend for themselves. In a long-term survival setting, they will perform activities to which they are not accustomed and injuries are likely. Simple cuts and scratches from, say, chopping wood can begin to show infection, in the form of redness, heat, and swelling, within a relatively short time.

    The History Channel, some years ago, aired a special called “After Armageddon”, where a family gets out of Dodge after a collapse-level catastrophe and eventually makes their way to a village of survivors. Integrating into the community, the father (a paramedic) takes to gardening and other survival-type activities. He suffers a cut which quickly becomes infected. Unfortunately, no antibiotics are available and he slowly succumbs to the infection despite knowing exactly what’s happening to him.

    Treatment of infections at an early stage improves the chance that they will heal quickly and completely. However, many rugged individualists would most likely ignore the problem until it gets worse. This is unwise, as an infection can become life threatening if not treated. Having antibiotics readily available would allow them to deal with the issue until medical help (if available at all) arrives.

    ANTIBIOTIC OPTIONS IN SURVIVAL SETTINGS

    Years ago, I wrote the first physician article about aquarium and avian antibiotics as a way to stockpile medications for the uncertain future. Since the only ingredient in certain of these medications is the antibiotic itself, it’s a reasonable alternative. There are some veterinary antibiotics, like Fish-Mox, that are only produced in human dosages and appear identical to human pharmaceuticals, down to the identification numbers on the capsules. For more information, see my series of articles on the subject.

    This is not to say you should treat yourself in normal times. When modern medical care is available, seek it out. The practice of medicine without a license is illegal and punishable by law.

    Once in a while, I get someone who wants to know how to make penicillin (isn’t it just bread mold?). It’s true that penicillin is a by-product of a fungus known as penicillium, which, indeed, grows on bread and fruit. It was originally discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1929. In 1942, a moldy cantaloupe in Peoria, Illinois was found to have a strong version of it. Most of the world’s supply of penicillin in the 1940s came from cultures of the fungus on that cantaloupe.

    There is a formula for making penicillin at home. It’s next to impossible, honestly, to get all the chemicals needed to produce it safely. Besides the legal issues, home laboratories are dicey at best (just ask a local Meth dealer). To illustrate a point, however, here it is:

    THE FORMULA FOR PENICILLIN

    [​IMG]
    Penicillium Notatum mold

    Penicillin is a by-product of the Penicillium fungus, but the thing is, it’s a by-product of a Penicillium fungus that’s under stress. So you have to grow the fungus, and then expose it to stresses that will make it produce Penicillin.

    First you need to produce a “culture” of the penicillium fungus. – A microbiological culture is a method of multiplying microscopic organisms by letting them reproduce in a certain environment under controlled conditions.

    One of the most important things to know is that it is easy for other microbes to contaminate your penicillium culture, so use sterile techniques at all times or you will likely wind up with something entirely different (and, possibly, harmful).

    [​IMG]
    general penicillin production process (from NIH)

    STEP 1

    Expose a slice of bread or citrus peel or a cantaloupe rind to the air in a dark place at 70 deg. F until a bluish-green mold develops.

    Cut two fresh slices of whole wheat bread into ½ inch cubes and place in a 750ml Erlenmeyer flask with a non-absorbent plug. One thing you might not know is that a lot of bakeries put a substance called a mold inhibitor on bread. This suppresses fungal growth so you should probably use bread that you baked yourself.

    Sterilize the flask and contents in a pressure cooker for at least 15 minutes at 15 psi. An alternate method is to place in an oven at 315 degrees Fahrenheit for one hour.

    In a sterile fashion, transfer the fungus from the bread or fruit peel into the flask containing the bread cubes. Allow the cubes to sit in the dark at 70 degrees for 5 days. This is called incubation. That’s the easy part.

    STEP 2

    This is where it gets complicated. Prepare one liter of the following solution:

    Lactose Monohydrate 44.0 gm

    Corn Starch 25.0 gm

    Sodium Nitrate 3.0 gm

    Magnesium Sulfate 0.25 gm

    Potassium MonoPhosphate 0.50 gm

    Glucose Monohydrate 2.75 gm

    Zinc Sulfate 0.044 gm

    Manganese Sulfate 0.044 gm

    You’ll obviously need a scale that measures very small amounts. These are called gram scales and you can find them online. The above ingredients can be found at chemical supply houses, but you’ll have to buy a significant amount.

    Dissolve the ingredients in the order listed in 500ml of cold tap water and then add more cold water to complete a liter (1000 ml).

    Adjust the pH to 5.0-5.5 using HCL (hydrochloric acid). You’ll need a pH test kit like those found at pet shops and garden supply stores. Fill glass containers with a quantity of this solution. Only use enough so that when the container is placed on its side the liquid will not touch the plug.

    Sterilize the containers and solution in a pressure cooker or stove just like you did before. When it cools, scrape up about a tablespoon of the fungus from the bread cubes and throw it into the solution.

    Allow the containers to incubate on their sides at 70 degrees for seven days. It’s important that they are not moved around. If you did it correctly, you’ll have Penicillin in the liquid portion of the media. Filter the mixture through a coffee filter or something similar, plug the bottles, and refrigerate immediately.

    STEP 3

    To extract the penicillin from the solution:

    Adjust the cold solution to pH 2.2 using (.01 %) HCL. Mix it with cold ethyl acetate in a “separatory funnel” (that’s a funnel with a stopcock; you can find all these items at chemistry glass suppliers) and shake well for 30 seconds or so.

    Drain the ethyl acetate (which should be on the bottom) into a beaker which has been placed in an ice bath and repeat the process. Add 1% potassium acetate and mix. You want the ethyl acetate to evaporate off. This can be induced by a constant flow of air over the top of the beaker, say from a fan. When it dries, the remaining crystals are a mixture of potassium penicillin and potassium acetate.

    There you have it, you have put together a laboratory and made Penicillin! You are now officially a mad scientist.

    REALITY

    It’s clear that making penicillin at home is beyond the ability of non-chemists. However, it does make a point. If there’s a major long-term disaster, there isn’t a way that anyone will be able to produce reliably safe and effective antibiotics at home. You might read about producing penicillin teas, but the issue is that you might have contamination by other molds that could be hazardous to your health.

    If you are concerned about a collapse-level event, it may be wise to consider stockpiling some veterinary equivalents. At present, no prescription is necessary nor is there a limit to quantities purchased. This may eventually change as the CDC has declared that an increased “stewardship” of animal antibiotics will be necessary to combat the issue of antibiotic resistance. This is a reasonable concern, but restrictions will probably involve drugs for food animals first.

    You can find lists of useful antibiotics, their veterinary equivalents, and much more in The Survival Medicine Handbook: The Essential Guide for When Medical Help is Not on the Way, now in its 700 page Third Edition. The book is available on Amazon or at DoomandBloom.net.

    If you don’t want to buy fish medicine, at least grow plants that might have some antibacterial action. Garlic, for example, has scientifically proven antibacterial properties, as do some other herbs. Honey, in its raw and unprocessed state, is also consider to be antibacterial. More on various herbal options in a future article.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/the-formula-for-penicillin/
     
  2. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Dental Health (1945)
    Nuclear Vault



    Published on Aug 11, 2016
    Educational film for soldiers - covers role of teeth, decay, and proper hygiene. Animation by Walt Disney.
     
  3. searcher

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    Soldier From The Tropics (1943)
    Nuclear Vault



    Published on Aug 8, 2016
    A soldier home on leave from the tropics causes a malaria outbreak in a small town.
     
  4. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    New Bad Outcomes For Zika Newborns?
    August 15, 2016


    [​IMG]
    arthrogryposis (deformed joints)

    As we continue to learn more about the effects of Zika on the newborn, a new series of abnormalities are making clear the implications of infection for pregnant women.

    Zika is a member of the Flavivirus family that includes Yellow Fever, West Nile, and other mosquito-borne illness. The main concern is Zika’s predilection for attacking brain cells, causing some infected fetuses to have poor brain development and head size. The condition, known as microcephaly, can cause lifelong disabilities costing millions of dollars in care over a lifetime.

    Now, a new study from researchers in Brazil suggests that Zika causes damage to other nerve cells as well. Seven babies born with microcephaly were studied. Six of these were found to also have a rare condition called “arthrogryposis”.

    Usually seen in only one of 3000 births, arthrogryposis causes multiple malformed, stiff joints. The abnormalities may be caused, not by damage to the joints themselves, but by weak nerves that don’t allow passion flexion and extension during the pregnancy. The joint then becomes fixed and deformed, a condition known as a “contracture”.

    Damage to the nerves that control vision and hearing are also thought to occur as a result of Zika infection in the womb.

    The news comes as the 25th case of locally-transmitted Zika infection is reported in South Florida, where warm weather allows a robust population of Aedes mosquitoes, the species most associated with transmission of the disease. State health officials also announced 14 new cases of travel-related Zika, bringing the total in Florida to 382, of which 57 are pregnant women.

    Aerial spraying of an area north of Downtown Miami is the latest effort on the part of the state of Florida to combat spread. Storm drains are also being targeted as possible hotspots for mosquito breeding activity. Although the insecticide Naled appears to be lowering the mosquito count in traps set in the neighborhood, it is also a possible danger to honeybees and other natural pollinators.

    A separate local case was reported further north in Palm Beach County, but it’s uncertain at present whether it represents the beginning of a second outbreak.

    In other news, a baby born in Texas has died from Zika-related complications, including microcephaly.

    Despite the concern of health officials about the virus, a recent WaPo-ABC News poll finds that less than half of Floridians and Texans consider themselves worried about Zika. Apathy may stem from the fact that the acute illness itself is mild, with only 20 per cent reporting symptoms such as fever, joint pain, rashes, and sometimes, red eyes. Another factor may be that Zika is mostly a major issue only for pregnant women or couples that are considering pregnancy.

    Protecting against mosquitoes is just common sense. In addition to Zika, West Nile virus, Yellow Fever, Dengue fever, and other diseases are risky. Wearing light-colored, long pants and sleeves while outside and using mosquito repellent is good policy.

    EPA-approved products contain DEET, picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus. When using mosquito repellent, don’t forget to:
    • Only use small amounts, but reapply if you’re sweating heavily, swimming, or outside for extended periods.
    • If you’re using sunscreen and mosquito repellent, apply the sunscreen first. Wait 20 minutes before applying mosquito repellent.
    • Avoid spraying near eyes and mouth; spray on your hands and apply. Do the same for children.
    • Avoid applying on cuts or areas of skin inflammation.
    • Wash the repellent off treated skin once you’ve gone inside; especially, wash your hands before touching food.

    DEET, the most common ingredient, should not be used in infants 2 months old or younger.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/new-ba...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
  5. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    13 Safety Tips For Floods
    August 17, 2016


    [​IMG]
    Storms often bring flooding

    The recent Louisiana floods which claimed 11 lives and damaged 40,000 homes show how easily low-lying areas can be devastated by bad weather. Floods can occur even in normally dry areas and are so common that they represent 75% of presidential disaster proclamations. They are often seen in conjunction with other disasters like hurricanes and other storms.

    You’d have to live on a mountaintop to avoid a flood but, even then, you’re still at risk for mudslides as a result of heavy rains. In view of this, we recently added flood and mudslide preparedness as chapters to the new Third Edition of “The Survival Medicine Handbook”. Clearly, floods are a disaster that can happen, and you should know how to keep your family safe.

    TYPES OF FLOODING

    A flood is defined as an overflow of water that submerges land which is normally dry. In the United States, there are various causes for flooding, including:

    Flash Floods: Flash floods usually develop shortly after a nearby heavy rain. I say nearby because it doesn’t have to be raining at your location for rising water to endanger you. These floods create a rapid rise of water, especially in low-lying areas like floodplains. Causes of flash flooding include heavy rain, ice jams, and levee or dam failures. This is especially common in the western United States where normally dry areas next to steep terrain might fill with rushing water.

    River Flooding: River flooding can be caused by heavy rainfall, dam failures, rapid snowmelt and ice jams. Normally flow can become turbulent rapidly as in a flash flood. In other cases, water levels may rise slowly but steadily. Either way, the result threatens structures and populations along its course.

    Storm Surges: Tropical (or even non-tropical) storm systems can bring heavy winds, but most damage occurs as a result of flooding due to the storm surge. Storm surge is the rise in water generated by the storm above normal tide levels. When the storm approaches the coast, high winds cause large waves that can inundate structures, damage foundations, and cause significant loss of life.

    Burn Scars: The Western U.S. has had significant wildfire activity, most recently in California. After a fire, the bare ground can become so hardened that water can’t be absorbed into the ground. This is known as a “burn scar”. Burn scars are less able to absorb moisture, leading heavy rains to accumulate water wherever gravity takes it.

    Ice Jams: Northern areas of the continental U.S. and Alaska may have flooding as a result of ice jams. When moving ice and debris are blocked by an obstruction, water is held back. This causes flooding upstream. When the obstruction is finally breached, flash flooding occurs downstream. Many ice jams occur at bends in a river.

    Snowmelt: Snowmelt flooding is common in mountainous Northern U.S. states. Snow is, until temperatures rise above freezing, just stored water. When it gets warmer, the snowmelt acts as if it were rain and flooding can occur.

    Barrier Failures: When a dam or levee breaks, it can be due to excessive rainfall, erosion, landslides, earthquakes, and many other natural causes. Some dams fail as a result of man-made issues, such as negligence, improper maintenance, and even sabotage. As a result, water level can overflow the barrier or water can seep through the ground.

    FLOOD PREPAREDNESS

    Most people have heard of hurricane or tornado watches and warnings, but the U.S. weather services also tries to warn the populace of flooding. A “flash flood watch” means that flash flooding is possible in the near future; a “flash flood warning” means that flooding is imminent in the area.

    If you live in a low-lying area, especially near a dam or river, then you should heed warnings when they are given and be prepared to evacuate quickly. Rising flood waters could easily trap you in your home and you don’t want to have to perch on your roof waiting for help.

    FLOOD SAFETY TIPS

    [​IMG]
    Flood water may not recede quickly

    To make it safely through a flood, consider the following recommendations:

    Hit The Road Early
    Make the decision to leave for higher ground before flooding occurs and roads are blocked. Having a NOAA weather radio will keep you up to date on the latest advisories. When the authorities tell you to leave, don’t hesitate to get out of Dodge.

    Be Careful Walking Through Flowing Water
    Drowning is the most common cause of death during a flood, especially a flash flood. Rapidly moving water can knock you off your feet even if less than a foot deep. Most vehicles can be carried away by water just two foot deep.

    Don’t Drive Through a Flooded Area
    In a flood, many people drown in their cars as they stall out in moving water. Road and bridges could easily be washed out if you waited too long to leave the area. Plan before a flood occurs to see if there is a “high road” to safety.

    Beware Of Downed Power Lines
    Watch for downed power lines; electrical current is easily conducted through water. You don’t have to touch the downed line to be electrocuted, only step in the water nearby. There are numerous instances of electrocutions occurring as a result of rescuers jumping into the water to try to save victims of a shock.

    Don’t Drink The Water
    Water, water everywhere, but not a drop to drink: Flood water is not clean water. It is contaminated by debris and water treatment plants may even have been compromised by the disaster. Have a reliable way to purify water and a good supply of clean water stored away. 12-16 drops of household bleach will sterilize a gallon of water (a teaspoon for 5 gallons), but a filter might also be needed to eliminate debris. Wait 30 minutes after sterilization to drink.

    Have Supplies Handy
    Flood waters may not recede quickly. Besides water as mentioned above, have non-perishable food, bottled water, heat and light sources, batteries, tools, extra clothing, a medical kit, a cell phone, and a NOAA weather radio among your supplies.

    Turn Off The Power
    If you have reason to believe that water will get into your home, turn off the electricity. If you don’t and the water reaches the level of the electric outlets, you could easily get electrocuted. Some warning signs might be sparks or strange sounds like crackling, popping, or buzzing.

    Beware of Intruders
    Critters that have been flooded out of their homes may seek shelter in yours. Snakes, raccoons, insects, and other refugees may decide your residence is now their territory. Human intruders may also be interested to see what valuables you left behind.

    Watch Your Step
    After a flood, watch where you step when you enter your home; there will, likely, be debris everywhere. The floors may also be covered in mud, causing a slip-and-fall hazard.

    Check for Gas Leaks
    Don’t use candles, lanterns, stoves, or lighters unless you are sure that the gas has been turned off and the area is well-ventilated.

    Avoid Exhaust Fumes
    Only use generators, camping stoves, or charcoal grills outside. Their fumes can be deadly.

    Clean Out Saturated Items Completely
    If cans of food got wet in the flood, their surfaces may be covered with mud or otherwise contaminated. Thoroughly wash food containers, utensils, and personal items before using.

    Don’t use appliances or motors that have gotten wet unless they have completely dried. You might have to take some apart to clean debris out of them.

    Use Waterproof Containers for Important Stuff
    Waterproof containers can protect food, personal items, documents, and more. If your area is at risk for flooding, have the important stuff protected by storing them correctly.

    Floods are just one of the many natural disasters that can endanger your family and turn your home into a ruin. With planning and some supplies, however, you’ll be able to keep your loved ones safe and healthy.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/13-flo...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
  6. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Could You Protect Your Home/Family in a Wildfire?
    August 18, 2016


    [​IMG]
    Wildfire

    It’s been a very busy year for firefighters, with heat waves, drought, and human carelessness causing large areas to burn from Canada to California.

    A particularly intense wildfire is raging 60 miles from Los Angeles, spreading from 6 to 30,000 acres in 24 hours. 82,000 residents have been evacuated and a number of buildings have been destroyed. At the present time, the fire is considered out of control. It’s just one of several in a state that usually has its worst months for wildfires in October.

    Many people are concerned about disasters that threaten their way of life, and wildfires should be high on the list in many areas. But how can you protect your property (and yourself) from being devastated by fire? Two main principles are 1) vegetation management and 2) creating a “defensible space”.

    VEGETATION MANAGEMENT

    [​IMG]
    Blue Cut Fire reaches 80 feet high

    An important factor in wildfire preparedness is what we call “vegetation management”. With vegetation management, the key is to direct fires away from your house. There are several ways to accomplish this, all of which require vigilance and regular maintenance.

    You’ll want to clean up dead wood and leaf piles lying within 30 feet of your building structure. Pay special attention to clearing off the roof and gutters. Although you may have spent time and money putting lush landscaping around your home, you may have to choose between attractive, yet flammable plants and fire protection.

    You’ll want to thin out those thick canopied trees near your house, making sure that no two canopies touch each other. Any trees within 50 feet on flatland, or 200 feet if downhill from your retreat need to be thinned, so that you’re pruning branches off below 10-12 feet high, and separating them by 10-20 feet. No tree should overhang the roof. Also, eliminate all shrubs at the base of the trunks.

    Lawns and gardens should be well-hydrated; collect lawn cuttings and other debris that could be used as fuel by the fire. If water is limited, keep dry lawns cut back as much as possible (or remove them).

    DEFENSIBLE SPACES

    From a wildfire perspective, a defensible space is an area around a structure where wood and vegetation are treated, cleared, or reduced to slow the spread of flames towards a structure. Having a defensible space will also provide room to work for those fighting the fire.

    The amount of defensible space you’ll need depends on whether you’re on flat land or on a steep slope. Flatland fires spread more slowly than a fire on a slope (hot air and flames rise). A fire on a steep slope with wind blowing uphill spreads fast and produces “spot fires”. These are small fires that ignite vegetation ahead of the main burn, due to small bits of burning debris in the air.

    Woodpiles and other flammables should be located at least 20-30 feet away from structures. Gardening tools should be kept in sheds, and those sheds should be at a distance from the home. Concrete walkways and perimeter walls may serve to impede the progress of the fire.

    Attic and other vents should be covered with screen mesh to prevent small embers from entering the structure. Additional strategies for the home can be found at firewise.org.

    ESCAPING A WILDFIRE

    Of course, once you have created a defensible space, the natural inclination is to want to, well, defend it. Unfortunately, you have to remember that you’ll be in the middle of a lot of heat and smoke. Therefore, you’re probably not going to be able to function effectively unless you’re an Olympic athlete. It stands to reason that most of us will not be up to the task.

    The safest recommendation, therefore, would be to get out of Dodge if there’s a safe way to leave. It’s a personal decision but realize that your family’s lives may depend on it. If you’re leaving, have a bag already packed with food, water, extra clothes, batteries, flashlights, and more. Don’t forget to bring your cell phone, any important papers you might need, and some cash.

    As an added precaution, make sure you shut off any air conditioning system that draws air into the house from outside. Turn off all your appliances, close all your windows and lock all your doors. Like any other emergency, you should have some form of communication system established with your loved ones in case you’re not together.

    Medical kits should contain masks, eye and hand protection, burn ointment (aloe vera is a natural alternative) and non-stick dressings. Specialized burn dressings are available that incorporate both. Gauze rolls and medical tape can be used for additional coverage. Round out your kit with scissors, cold packs, and some eyewash (smoke is a major irritant to the eyes).

    TRAPPED IN A WILDFIRE

    [​IMG]
    smoke inhalation

    If your routes of escape are blocked, make sure you’re dressed in long pants, sleeves, and heavy boots. A wool blanket is very helpful as an additional outside layer because wool is relatively fire-resistant.

    If you’re inside a building, stay on the side farthest from the fire and with the least number of windows (windows transfer heat to the inside). Stay there unless you have to leave due to smoke or the building catching fire.

    If that’s the case and you have to leave, wrap yourself in the blanket, leaving only your eyes uncovered. Some people think it’s a good idea to wet the blanket first, but don’t; wet materials transfer heat much faster than dry materials and will cause more severe burns.

    If you’re having trouble breathing because of the smoke, stay low, and crawl out of the building. There’s less smoke and heat the lower you go. Keep your face down towards the floor. This will help protect your airway, which is very important. You can recover from burns on your skin, but not from major burns in your lungs.

    Wildfires and other catastrophes, whether natural or man-made, can threaten your life and the lives of your loved ones. Planning before the event will give you the best shot at surviving in the best shape possible.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/could-...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
  7. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Survival Medicine Hour: Natural Pain Relief, Super Lice, Floods
    August 18, 2016


    [​IMG]
    Flood Safety

    In this episode of the Survival Medicine Hour, Joe and Amy Alton, aka Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy, tell you about the recent deadly floods in Louisiana and offer some tips on how to keep your family safe during and in the aftermath of the disaster. Also, Dr.Alton tells you about some mutant lice that seem to have replaced normal head lice in most parts of the country. The downside: They’re resistant to most over-the-counter lice shampoos and lotions. What to do? You’ll find out here.

    [​IMG]
    Nit (Lice Egg)

    Also, Nurse Amy continues her series on alternative pain relief, with a number of natural substances you might not know have analgesic action!

    All this and more on Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy’s Survival Medicine Hour!

    To Listen in, click below:

    http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2016/08/18/survival-medicine-hour-flood-safety-natural-pain-relief-super-lice

    Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

    Joe and Amy Alton

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/surviv...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    Medicine In Action 8: Head Injury Report of a Battle Casualty (1945)
    Nuclear Vault



    Published on Aug 18, 2016
    U.S. Navy medical training films, sometimes graphic.

    MN-3726H Medicine In Action 8 Head Injury: Report of a Battle Casualty
    "For release to physicians only. How one kind of head injury was treated; cranial operation from beginning to end; surgical and medical techniques. Special film for medical personnel." 1945
     
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    Flood Safety Tips: What to do Before, During and After a Flood Disaster
    DrBones NurseAmy



    Published on Aug 20, 2016
    Floods safety advice with important actions to take before the rain and raising water comes. How to protect you, your family and your home during a flood disaster. Hosted by Joe Alton, MD.
     
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    Health For The Americas: The Unseen Enemy (1945)
    Nuclear Vault



    Published on Aug 21, 2016
    The now-defunct U.S. Government Agency "Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs" hired Walt Disney Studios to create a series of films for developing countries, "Health For The Americas."

    "The Unseen Enemy" explains that disease is caused by tiny little creatures, which can be seen in a microscope.
     
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    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    MANAGEMENT OF GUNSHOT WOUNDS OF THE ABDOMEN TRAUMA SURGERY FILM 45074
    PeriscopeFilm



    Published on Aug 22, 2016
    The Committee on Trauma of the American College of Surgeons takes the viewer into “The Management of Gunshot Wounds of the Abdomen.” Made under the supervision of Dr. Robert J. Freeark, a surgeon who established the nation’s first trauma unit, the film includes graphic scenes of a gunshot victim’s wounds and of abdominal surgery. It opens at mark 00:54 with the arrival of the victim at an emergency room. Such an event, we are told, sets into motion a standardized management plan, which is shown on the screen: resuscitation, tracking the missile, preparation for surgery, and operative repair. The film then details each step, beginning with resuscitation at mark 01:25, as ER personnel take vital signs, draw blood, and conduct a physical exam — including a rectal exam — which is shown at mark 03:21. At mark 03:48, the film delves into the tracking of a missile, including inspection of the wound on a victim and x-rays. Mark 04:51 shows a doctor inserting a tube into a patient’s side at blood and pus drain out to prevent a potential pneumothorax. The patient is ready to be prepared for surgery by mark 07:23, including an examination of the peritoneal cavity, as a physician probes a victim’s buttock, hips, and groin after he was shot in the side. Once the gunshot victim is ready for surgery, a surgeon quickly cuts an incision starting at mark 09:17 as blood and fluids are shown rushing out of the resulting abdominal cavity. Loops of bloody small intestine and the rectum are examined by the surgeon as he locates entrance and exit wounds in the body, and at mark 11:00 is shown examining a perforated portion of the end of the small intestine where it intersects with the large intestine. Another lengthy operative scene begins at mark 14:30, with surgeons again shown using a scalpel to create a large incision in the patient’s abdomen and doctors and nurses then pull out his intestines as blood floods the field. Once bleeding is controlled, the operating team are shown conducting a meticulous and graphic abdominal exam and noting all areas of penetration before detailed surgical repairs are shown being conducted on his ureter and small bowel. As the operation, and the film, nears an end, the surgical staff scoops the patient’s intestines back into to the abdominal cavity and begin to close the incision by mark 27:55.

    Raised in Chicago, Dr. Robert Freeark is credited with establishing the first trauma unit in the country in 1965 as chairman of surgery at Cook County Hospital. While at Loyola, he pioneered many efforts, including the development of the Aero Medical Program, which brought the Lifestar helicopter to Loyola.

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    This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
     
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    Could You Survive An Earthquake?
    August 25, 2016


    [​IMG]
    earthquake preparedness

    A 6.2 magnitude earthquake has struck central Italy, killing at least 250 and injuring hundreds more throughout the region. More than 200 aftershocks have been recorded by seismologists since the major quake hit August 23, 2016 at 3:36 a.m. local time.

    The area, part of the Apennine mountain range that forms the central “spine” of Italy, is no stranger to seismic activity, with deadly quakes most recently in 2009 and 2012. This time, the tremors occurred only 65 miles Northeast of Rome.

    The United States, especially (but not exclusively) the West Coast, is also susceptible to natural disasters like earthquakes. The West Coast and some areas of the Midwest are located over what we call “fault lines”. A fault is a fracture in a volume of base rock. Movement of the earth releases energy, which then causes major surface disruptions. This movement is sometimes called a “seismic wave”.

    The strength of an earthquake has been historically measured using the Richter scale. This measurement (from 0-10 or, theoretically, more) identifies the magnitude of tremors at a certain location. Quakes less than 2.0 on the Richter scale are common occurrences unlikely to be noticed by the average person. Each increase of 1.0 magnitude, however, increases the strength by a factor of 10. The highest-intensity earthquake ever recorded was The Great Chilean Earthquake of 1960 (9.5 on the Richter scale).

    Although most people are aware of the Richter Scale, a newer measurement, the Moment Magnitude scale, is thought to be more accurate for higher intensity quakes. The Moment Magnitude scale calculates each point of magnitude as releasing more than 30 times the energy of the previous one.

    If the fault lines shift offshore, a “tsunami” or tidal wave may be generated. In Fukushima, the earthquake (8.9 magnitude) spawned a large tsunami which caused major damage, loss of life, and meltdowns in local nuclear reactors. Tsunami warning were issued for both the Japanese and Ecuadorian earthquakes reported this week.

    AN EARTHQUAKE SURVIVAL PLAN

    A major earthquake is especially dangerous due to its unpredictability. Although researchers are working to find ways to determine when a quake will hit, there is usually little warning. This fact makes having a plan before an earthquake hits a major factor in your chances of survival.

    This plan of action has to be shared with each family member, even the children. Unless the earthquake happens in the dead of night, it’s unlikely you will all be in the house together. You might be at work and the kids at school, so making everyone aware of what to do will give you the best chance of gathering your family and surviving the earthquake together.

    To be prepared, you’ll need, at the very least, the following supplies:
    • Food and water
    • Power sources
    • Alternative shelters
    • Medical supplies
    • Clothing appropriate to the weather
    • Fire extinguishers
    • Means of communication
    • Money (don’t count on credit or debit cards if the power’s down)
    • An adjustable wrench to turn off gas or water
    • Copies of important documents, including insurance policies
    In areas at risk for earthquakes, the school system and municipal authorities usually have formulated a disaster plan. They may even have designated a quake-proof shelter. If possible, this may be the best place to go. Make certain to inquire about your town’s precautions in case of a seismic event.

    Besides the general supplies listed above, it would be wise to put together a separate “get-home” bag to keep at work or in the car. Some food, liquids, and a pair of sturdy, comfortable shoes are useful items to have in this kit.

    Home Earthquake Safety

    In the home, it’s important to know where your gas, electric, and water main shutoffs are. Make sure that everyone of age knows how to turn them off if there is a leak or electrical short. Know where the nearest medical facility is, but be aware that you may be on your own; medical responders are going to be overwhelmed and may not get to you quickly.

    Look around your house for fixtures like chandeliers and bookcases that might not be stable enough to withstand an earthquake. Placing heavier objects on bottom shelves will make cabinets more stable.

    Flat screen TVs, especially large ones, could easily topple. Be sure to check out kitchen and pantry shelves, and the stability of anything hanging over the headboard of your bed.

    When The Earthquake Hits

    [​IMG]

    What should you do when the tremors start? If you’re indoors, get under a table, desk, or something else solid and hold on. This strategy is called “Drop, Cover, Hold”. Dropping to your knees will prevent a fall from causing injuries. Cover may protect you from falling objects. Hold on tight. If cover isn’t available, stand against the corner of an inside wall.

    While the building is shaking, don’t try to run out, especially if you’re on an upper floor; you could easily fall down stairs or get hit by falling debris. Don’t try to use elevators. You should stay clear of windows, shelves, and kitchen areas.

    It’s often taught that you should stand in the doorway because of the frame’s sturdiness. It turns out, however, that in modern homes, doorways aren’t much more solid than any other part of the structure. Even if sturdy, you could still get hit by falling objects.

    Once the initial tremors are over, go outside. Once there, stay as far out in the open as possible, away from power lines, chimneys, and anything else that could fall on top of you.

    You could, possibly, be in your automobile when the earthquake hits. Get out of traffic as quickly as possible; other drivers are likely to be less level-headed than you are. Don’t stop your car under bridges, trees, overpasses, power lines, or light posts. They’re likely to topple in a major quake. Stay in your vehicle while the tremors are active.

    After The Earthquake

    Even after the tremors stop, there are still dangers. One issue to be concerned about is gas leaks; make sure you don’t use your camp stoves, lighters, or even matches until you’re certain all is clear. Even a match could ignite a spark that could lead to an explosion. If you turned the gas off, you might consider letting the utility company turn it back on.

    Buildings that have structural damage may be unstable or have loose concrete which could rain down on the unsuspecting. Falling stone from damaged buildings killed rescuers in the Oklahoma City bombing and the World Trade Towers collapse.

    Don’t count on telephone service after a natural disaster. Telephone companies only have enough lines to deal with 20% of total call volume at any one time. It’s likely all lines will be occupied. Interestingly, this doesn’t seem to apply to texts; you’ll have a better to chance to communicate by texting than by voice due to the wavelength used.

    That cell phone will come in handy if you’re trapped under rubble after an earthquake. Even if voice calls won’t work, texts might. Text to loved ones, social media, anyone that can let people know you’re trapped. If you live in quake country, you might consider a whistle on your keychain. It’ll last longer than your voice will as a signal for help. Don’t give up; people can live several days without water, and much longer without food. With any luck, rescuers will find you.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/could-...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    Radioactive Fallout: "Radiological Defense" 1961 US Department of Defense, Civil Defense
    Jeff Quitney



    Published on Aug 28, 2016
    Nuclear Weapons playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list...

    Radioactive fallout and how much damage it might cause in the event of a nuclear war. Produced for the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization by Norwood Studios.

    Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied.
    The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).

    This film was originally in color, but it was faded so badly that it could not be corrected. Therefore the color was removed.

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b...
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_...

    Fallout is the residual radioactive material propelled into the upper atmosphere following a nuclear blast, so called because it "falls out" of the sky after the explosion and shock wave have passed. It commonly refers to the radioactive dust and ash created when a nuclear weapon explodes. This radioactive dust, consisting of material either directly vaporized by a nuclear blast or charged by exposure, is a highly dangerous kind of radioactive contamination. It can lead to the contamination of aquifers and devastate the affected ecosystem years after the initial exposure.

    Types

    There are many types of fallout, ranging from the global type to the more area-restricted types of fallout.

    Worldwide

    After an air burst, fission products, un-fissioned nuclear material, and weapon residues vaporized by the heat of the fireball condense into a fine suspension of small particles 10 nm to 20 µm in diameter. These particles may be quickly drawn up into the stratosphere, particularly if the explosive yield exceeds 10 kt.
    Atmospheric nuclear weapon tests almost doubled the concentration of radioactive 14C in the Northern Hemisphere, before levels slowly declined following the Partial Test Ban Treaty.

    Initially little was known about the dispersion of nuclear fallout on a global scale. The AEC assumed that fallout would be dispersed evenly across the globe by atmospheric winds and gradually settle to the Earth's surface after weeks, months, and even years as worldwide fallout. Nuclear products that were deposited in the Northern Hemisphere are becoming "far more dangerous than they had originally been estimated[citation needed]."

    The radio-biological hazard of worldwide fallout is essentially a long-term one because of the potential accumulation of long-lived radioisotopes (such as strontium-90 and caesium-137) in the body as a result of ingestion of foods containing the radioactive materials. This hazard is less pertinent than local fallout, which is of much greater immediate operational concern.

    Local

    In a land or water surface burst, heat vaporizes large amounts of earth or water, which is drawn up into the radioactive cloud. This material becomes radioactive when it condenses with fission products and other radiocontaminants that have become neutron-activated. The table below summarizes the abilities of common isotopes to form fallout. Some radiation would taint large amounts of land and drinking water causing formal mutations throughout animal and human life...

    A surface burst generates large amounts of particulate matter, composed of particles from less than 100 nm to several millimeters in diameter—in addition to very fine particles that contribute to worldwide fallout. The larger particles spill out of the stem and cascade down the outside of the fireball in a downdraft even as the cloud rises, so fallout begins to arrive near ground zero within an hour. More than half the total bomb debris lands on the ground within about 24 hours as local fallout...

    Severe local fallout contamination can extend far beyond the blast and thermal effects, particularly in the case of high yield surface detonations...

    Whenever individuals remain in a radiologically contaminated area, such contamination leads to an immediate external radiation exposure as well as a possible later internal hazard from inhalation and ingestion of radiocontaminants, such as the rather short-lived iodine-131, which is accumulated in the thyroid.
     
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    1944 WWII "SAFETY SLEUTH" SAFETY SHORT w/ BRICKLAYER'S ACCIDENT 42384
    PeriscopeFilm



    Published on Aug 29, 2016
    Directed by Will Jason, "Safety Sleuth" is a 1944 short written by Joe Ansen, starring Dave O'Brien, and produced by the War Department Safety Council. It features a re-enactment (at the end) of the famed "Bricklayer's Accident".

    Produced during the war when efficiency was key, "Safety Sleuth" focuses on the fact that were 2 million injuries in American factories during the first year of the war. A group of "safety sleuths" work to fix various problems with machines and improve safety. At 1:10, a punch press operator is observed by a safety sleuth, fainting at his machine. The cause is identified as a hypnotic pattern produced by the machine in action. At 2:00, a "foolish Joe" is seen having an accident with a ladder, with its base too close to the building, resulting in disaster. A variety of other ladder accidents are shown (in the background of some of them appears to be a movie studio -- possibly this was shot on the MGM lot!) At 4:20, more accidents are seen with filling oil barrels, a problem solved by placing the barrels on a scale and shutting off the flow when an appropriate weight is received. At 5:20, problems are shown with a drinking fountain. At 6:10, the film shows a pre-occupied carpenter making a series of mistakes, including sitting on a soldering iron and putting his cigarette in his mouth backwards. The film ends with a focus on freak accidents, with a "case history of a recent mishap" at 8:11 involving a barrel of bricks. This particular case is one of the more infamous in human history known as the "Bricklayer's Accident." See: http://www.snopes.com/humor/letters/b...


    We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference."

    This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
     
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    1940s DOCTOR OF OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE MEDICAL DOCTOR TRAINING FILM 43214
    PeriscopeFilm



    Published on Aug 29, 2016
    Made in the late 1940s or early 1950s, "Physician and Surgeon" examines the career of the D.O., or doctor Doctor of Osteopothy.
    Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (DOs) are fully licensed physicians who practice in every medical specialty. They provide a full range of services, from prescribing drugs to performing surgery, and they use the latest medical tools. But DOs offer something special—their unique approach to patient care.

    Please note: this print of the movie has some short sections in it with no sound apparently because some shots were "added" to the finished film.

    As the narrator says, "Have you ever noticed the D.O. at the back of a doctor’s name, have you ever wondered what it mean, it means doctor of Osteopathy. This is a story of the letters D.O. that follows a doctors name and a story of his life, the significance of the services he render to the community. This is a story about how doctors are made and the years that shape their lives, years of transition from youth to maturity and years of work and study to obtain the knowledge and skills of a position. Before a student may enter a college of Osteopathic medicine, he must first complete a 4 years in a liberal art college or university at mark 1:00. There, he receives the foundation for his training through instructions in the biological sciences in chemistry, and physics as seen at mark 1:20. He is required to receive training in English to for his communication skills as seen at mark 1:32. He is expected to study five languages and social sciences. Also he is expected to study courses in psychology; religion, philosophy and political economy also as seen at mark 1:42. A physician is to have a broad and sympathetic understanding of all phases of human experience. At mark 2:06 is a talk about the preliminary training for full 4 years course which all student must complete before entering the professional school. The program is costly too as seen at mark 2:36, average student spends from 5-7000 dollars on his education before he even enters his professional school.

    At mark 2:50 is the college in Chicago where they learn, also in Kansas City. At mark 3:40, each college screens the students and selection is based on how they render greatest service to the public health, applicants who are below the grade aren’t admitted. An appraisal is also made on the applicants’ health, character and emotional health as seen at mark 4:24. This is a difficult task but it is also an important one as it cannot be overlooked by the college. They must keep to minimum the loss of students due to ill health, inadequate finances and scholastic failure. This requires an admission program as seen at mark 5:08. At mark 5:25, the students are either accepted or rejected. The first 2 years is called the basic science year as students take time to study sciences which is the basics of healing. These subjects are seen at mark 5:45. Laboratory becomes his home as seen at mark 6:05 and he must know about the complex systems of the human body. At mark 6:25, they learn about the body systems. During the course of junior and senior years his courses are largely clinical as seen at mark 7:00 and where he learns by doing. With careful supervision he becomes expert as seen at mark 7:30. He relates the studies of his experience at mark 7:53. The course of study a clinical student must learn about is broad as seen at mark 8:00. The student must cover numerous materials major studies as seen at mark 8:45 and these broad studies requires many hour of practical experience in clinics, hospitals and labs.

    At mark 9:19, the students learn about man himself, how he combats disease, and about the muscular skeletal systems. Here, the teacher teaches many diverse methods of applying manipulative healing to all parts of the body. At mark 10:40, original science research is carried out and has lots of benefits where students benefits from. At mark 11:35 is a discussion class where they talk on future plans and internships are taken. At mark 12:23, the students are presented their degrees D.O. from here, he spends another 2years as an intern. At mark 12:50 is the intern training. Here, he actually begins his life of service to humanity. He must secure his license also and he also participates in an exam before his license is confirmed as seen at mark 13:39. He gains new knowledge based on his experience.

    Film contains footage of medical examinations of patients, patient care, x-rays, eye exams, surgery, and physician training.

    This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
     
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    WORLD WAR II U.S. ARMY VENEREAL DISEASE SCARE FILM "THREE CADETS" 45324
    PeriscopeFilm



    Published on Aug 31, 2016
    An official War Department training film produced by the First Motion Picture Unit of the Army Air Forces in 1943, “Three Cadets” stars Craig Stevens (later of “Peter Gunn” fame), Kent Smith, Ralph Byrd, and William T. Orr. The premise was simple: to inform young recruits of the inherent dangers associated with their inevitable promiscuity. The training film presents three cadets who go into the Air Cadet Training Center together. Following one of the men’s “liaison” with a local girl, the narrator reminds the viewer that venereal disease (VD) costs the Army Air Corps 40,000 man days a month, as the film shows various posters reminding men that “No’s the best tactic … the next, prophylactic,” “Prophylaxis prevents V.D.,” and “Syphilis Strikes Without Warning.” One careless pilot fails to use his “prophylactic kit” before he engages in a sexual liaison with “a nice girl whom he met at a soda fountain” at a bus station. A few days later he had an “itching, burning sensation” when he used the latrine. “And he had a discharge.” He realizes he has contracted syphilis and when symptoms set in, he visits a medical officer, who explains how to use a chemical prophylaxis to prevent VD (as the film quickly cuts to a person thoroughly washing his penis, injecting a silver solution into his urinary canal, and massaging a mercury ointment to his penis and testicles). Another pilot was not as wise. Although he suspected he had syphilis, he treats himself with a quack cure, reports for flight duty, and crashes his plane when he becomes dizzy while flying. Only one of the cadets we meet in the film was ready for duty. “Which one do you want to be?” asks the narrator in the film’s closing moments.

    The outbreak of World War II in 1939 brought about renewed interest in sex education by the public and the U.S. government. During this time period military maneuvers and activities, sexual hygiene and conduct had proven to be a major problem for Allied forces. Soldiers and Sailors on assignment overseas were often lonely, had time to spare, got homesick, or were just looking for female companionship. Due to this many men and women started to have multiple sex partners and as a result sexually transmitted diseases were again another major health concern. During the Great War, Venereal diseases had caused the Army to lose the services of 18,000 servicemen per day. Although by 1944 this number had been reduced 30-fold, there were still around 606 servicemen incapacitated by V.D. every day. This drop in numbers was partly because of the Army’s effort to raise awareness about the dangers faced by servicemen through poor sexual hygiene, but also because of the important developments in medicine in the area of treatment of the disease. In late 1943 a case of gonorrhea required a hospital treatment of 30 days, and curing Syphilis remained a 6-month ordeal – by mid-1944, the average case of gonorrhea was reduced to 5 days, and in many cases the patient remained on duty status while being treated.

    We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference."

    This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
     
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    Are You Ready For A Hurricane?
    September 2, 2016


    [​IMG]
    image by pixabay.com

    As Hurricane Hermine makes landfall in the Florida panhandle, I realized that I haven’t written an article on hurricane preparedness since Hurricane Sandy hit the Jersey coast in 2012. Florida, usually considered the most hurricane-prone state, has been extraordinarily lucky until now, with Hurricane Wilma in 2005 (the same year as Katrina) hit South Florida.

    It doesn’t take very long for people to forget the devastation that previous hurricanes have caused in the United States. Hurricanes are one of the few disasters that advanced weather forecasting can predict well ahead of its arrival. The National Weather Service puts out regular advisories for upcoming storms. Despite this, few are prepared to handle the dangers to life and property that can occur.

    Hurricane Hermine is, as hurricanes go, a lower level storm known as a “Category 1” with winds of 74-95 mph. Hurricanes are graded into 5 categories by the Saffir-Simpson Scale. The scale uses maximum sustained winds as a measure; stronger storms are categorized as follows:

    Category 2: 96-110 mph winds

    Category 3: 111-130 mph winds

    Category 4: 131-155 mph winds

    Category 5: >155 mph winds


    Hurricane season starts in June, but most major storms seem to hit in August, September, and October. Sandy hit the U.S. in late October. Category five hurricanes Katrina and Andrew (1992) hit in late August.

    Are You Ready for a Hurricane?

    Certainly, hurricanes can be severe, but they don’t have to be life-threatening for those who prepare. Unlike tornadoes, which can pop up suddenly, hurricanes are first identified when they are hundreds, if not thousands of miles away. We can watch their development and have a good idea of how bad it might get and how much time we have to get ready. An effective plan of action takes into account factors like shelter, clean water, food, power, and other important issues. By planning before a hurricane threatens your area, you’ll avoid the mad rush for supplies that leaves supermarket shelves empty.

    [​IMG]
    the “storm surge” is responsible for many hurricane-related deaths

    You can outrun one of these storms if you get enough of a head start. That’s actually one of your most important decisions: Should you get out of Dodge? If you live on the coast or in an area that floods often, there will be rising tide waters (known as the “storm surge”) that might reason enough to leave. The storm surge, combined with heavy rains, can cause impressive flooding, and is the leading cause of deaths due to hurricanes.

    The National Weather Service keeps a close eye on hurricanes and issues two types of warnings:

    Hurricane Watch: Hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or greater) are possible within a specified area.

    Hurricane Warning: Hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or greater) are expected somewhere within a specified area.

    In many cases, the authorities will issue an order to evacuate areas that will be hardest hit. If such an order is broadcast, you should leave. If you live in pre-fabricated housing, such as a trailer, or near the coast, it’s wisest to hit the road before the storm makes landfall. Alternatively, many municipalities will designate a hurricane-resistant public building in your own community as an official shelter.

    If you do choose to leave town, plan to go as far inland as possible. Hurricanes get their strength from the warm water temperatures over the tropical ocean; they lose strength quickly as they travel over land. It might be a wise move to make reservations at a hotel early; there will be little room at the inn for the latecomers.

    A good idea is to always have a “GO” bag ready for any emergency. Although most people pack for 72 hours off the grid in case of a disaster, that number is relatively arbitrary; be prepared to at least have a week’s supply of food and drinking water, as well as extra clothing and medical supplies.

    You should have an idea of what your home’s weak spots are. Do you know what amount of sustained wind your structure can withstand? Most homes are built to withstand 90 mph winds, but when South Florida was devastated by Hurricane Andrew in 1992, new homes in South Florida were mandated to be able to withstand 125 mph winds. If the coming storm has sustained winds over that level, you may not be able to depend on the structural integrity of your home.

    Riding Out The Storm

    If you decide to weather the storm at home, designate a safe room somewhere in the interior of the house. It should be in a part of the home most downwind from the direction the hurricane is hitting you. Be certain to plan for any special needs that family members (and pets) may have. You may wind up taking care of more people that you expect, so have more water and non-perishable food than you think you’ll need (1 gallon/day per person minimum). Filling bathtubs with fresh water would give you a reasonable supply.

    Outdoors

    Unsecured objects can become missiles in a hurricane. Outdoors, move all patio furniture and potted plants either inside the house or up against the outside wall, preferably secured with chains. Put up hurricane shutters if you have them.

    One special issue for South Floridians is coconuts: They turn into cannonballs in a hurricane. Cut them off the tree before the winds come. Interestingly, the palm trees themselves, as they don’t have a dense crown, seem to weather most high winds without a problem. Trees with dense crowns, however, should be pruned to allow wind through and all dead branches removed.

    Roof shingles are often casualties of the storm, so have some waterproof tarps available. Roofers are going to be pretty busy after a major storm and might not get to you right away. In South Florida after Wilma (2005), there were still tarps on roofs more than a year later.

    Indoors

    Indoor planning is important as well. Communications may be out in a major storm, so have a NOAA weather radio and lots of fresh batteries. Turn refrigerators and freezers down to their coldest settings, so that food won’t spoil right away if the power fails. Coolers filled with ice or dry ice will extend the life of some of your more perishable items. Don’t forget a hand-operated can opener.

    Fill up gas and propane tanks early in every hurricane season. Make sure that you know how to shut off the electricity, gas and water, if necessary, and perhaps consider getting a generator and some extra gas cans. Never use gas grills or generators indoors, though, as the fumes may be life-threatening.

    There’s another kind of power you should be concerned about. In the aftermath of a storm, credit card verification may be down; without cash, you may have no purchasing power at all.

    What About The Kids?

    If you’ve hunkered down in your home during the storm, make sure that you’ve got books, board games, and light sources for when the power goes down. Kids (and most adults) go stir crazy when stuck inside, especially if they don’t have TVs or computers in service.

    Take time to discuss the coming storm in advance with the whole family; this will give everyone an idea of what to expect, and keep fear down to a minimum. Give the kids some responsibility, as well. Give them the opportunity to pack their own bag or select games to play. This will keep their minds busy and their nerves calm.

    People are enthralled with hurricanes, and will go out in dangerous winds to take selfies or do other foolish things. This is a recipe for a bad outcome, and some avoidable deaths will occur as a result.

    Some items will be useful in the cleanup after the storm. You’ll need work gloves, plastic garbage bags, duct tape, insect repellent, and even tweezers to deal with the splinters that inevitably are part and parcel of moving a lot of debris. A chain saw might be needed as well.

    In the aftermath of the hurricane, cell phone service may be down due to the huge volume of calls. Texts may be possible, however, even if voice calls aren’t.

    By planning early to get your home and family prepared for a hurricane, you’ll get through the storm in the best shape possible.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/hurric...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    Situational Awareness Tips using the OODA Loop
    DrBones NurseAmy



    Published on Sep 12, 2016
    Learn about the OODA Loop as it pertains to situational awareness, which is "Observe, Orient, Decide, and Act". It helps you respond to incoming information during an active shooter and terror events. Hosted by Joe Alton, MD of https://www.doomandbloom.net/

     
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    Survival Medicine Hour: Kratom Ban, Dental Trauma, Medical Uses for Rosemary
    September 15, 2016


    [​IMG]
    Kratom

    In this episode of the Survival Medicine Hour with Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy (Joe Alton MD and Amy Alton ARNP), Dr. Bones discusses the upcoming ban on the useful but, perhaps, addictive herb Kratom, a Southeast Asian herb used for centuries to treat chronic pain and depression, and used by some today to replace addictions to opiates. Also, Nurse Amy discusses the many medical uses of Rosemary, and Dr. Bones discusses dental trauma, and what to do about that loose or knocked-out tooth in a survival setting.

    [​IMG]

    To listen in, click below:

    http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2016/09/16/survival-medicine-hour-kratom-ban-dental-trauma-rosemarys-uses

    Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

    Joe and Amy Alton

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/surviv...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    What DO you do in a bleeding emergency? Experts reveal a step-by-step guide in how to stop someone from dying in minutes
    • More than 35 per cent of victims with a severe bleeding die before hospital
    • Severe bleeding is noticeable when blood is flowing quickly from a wound
    • The victim's clothes must be removed or cut to get a better look at it
    • Using gauze in a wound helps apply pressure and makes blood clot quicker


    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3792416/What-bleeding-emergency-Experts-reveal-step-step-guide-save-dying-minutes.html#ixzz4KQx05Op7
    Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook
     
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    Kratom, Natural Pain Reliever, Lost to FDA Actions

    September 21, 2016


    [​IMG]
    Mitragyna speciose (Kratom)

    One of the questions we’re often asked is what to do about chronic pain and drug addiction if some disaster occurs that knocks you off the grid, maybe for good. Certainly, pharmaceuticals would cease to be manufactured and whatever pain med you use or opiate drug you may be addicted to will become, very likely, unavailable, leaving you or members of your group high and dry. In these circumstances, you have to look toward natural sources of compounds that could help; things that you might even be able to grow in your survival garden.

    Some states approve the possession and sale of marijuana for medical and recreational use, but there is little true opioid effect to it, and recent studies show that it has a slight effect against pain, but mostly has a sedative effect that makes the pain more bearable. the Canadian Medical Association journal tested marijuana on a number of people who had chronic pain, and compared it to people who took a placebo, essentially a sugar pill. Those on the placebo rated their pain as a 6.1 out of 10 and the marijuana group rated their pain as 5.4. A small difference, but a difference nonetheless, so it’s an option.

    Another plant that has promise for chronic pain is called Kratom. Kratom is a herb that has been in widespread use in Southeast Asia for centuries; it is chewed for to increase stamina, induce gentle euphoria and relaxation, and relieve pain. Many testimonials exist as to its success helping people kick their addictions to opioid painkillers. On the other side of the coin, Kratom appears to have addictive potential itself, and several hundred cases of poisoning have been recorded, although many of the most severe cases seem to have mixed it with other recreational drugs. Use and/or export of Kratom has been outlawed in some countries where it grows naturally.

    The chemical compounds in Kratom, (scientific name Mitragyna speciosa) are mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine . These substances act on opioid receptors in the brain, just like heroin and morphine do. Kratom, however, is not an opiate. It’s actually a member of the coffee family. In any case, Kratom has been used by many people who swear by its effect on pain or used it to replace heroin and other street drugs.

    Now, in a recent decision, the FDA has (abruptly) chosen to classify the active compounds in Kratom as Schedule I substances. Schedule 1 drugs include heroin and LSD, things determined to have no acceptable medical use and/or high addictive properties. Kratom now joins their ranks. The Drug Enforcement Administration announced that it would, for a period of two years, effectively ban Kratom,. By prohibiting the possession and use of mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, the DEA can make it illegal to even have the plant on your property.

    This action probably stems from a report by the CDC that Kratom “intoxication” caused 600 calls to poison control centers over the last five years. This despite the claim from proponents of the plant that the number of “poisonings” are small compared to the number of people damaged by many other, even legal, substances. I found little scientific evidence of any lethal effects from using Kratom.

    In any case, the FDA has taken up an anti-Kratom stance after several states banned the plant.

    In the end, the Department of Health and Human Services is involved in studies on Kratom and its final determination will decide if the plant is banned forever.

    What does this mean? Well, that outlawing Kratom may turn its users to things like heroin. Results might be an increase in opiate overdose deaths, something already at epidemic proportions throughout various parts of the country. Secondly, it takes away an natural alternative for the homesteader or off-grid medic to deal with addiction issues or with significant chronic pain in austere settings.

    It seems to me that there has been a rush to judgement when it comes to Kratom. Hopefully, the DEA will see the light as to the realistic uses and potential risks of the plant, and allow at least limited access to what might be a very valuable survival medical tool. Don’t hold your breath, though; it’s not likely that, once a substance is controlled by the government, that you’ll be able to get or grow it in the future (marijuana being the rare exception).

    You still have until the end of September 2016 to get some plants or supplements. The plants are going out of stock quickly, but there are still supplements available at various online sites. Check out the American Kratom Association for more information. I’m not telling you to break the law, just to do your own research and reach your own conclusions.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/kratom...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    Basic First Aid taught by two trained Texas first responders
    Brent0331



    Published on Mar 11, 2014
    This was a class given prior to our days shooting festivities on 3/8/2014 by two Texas certified first responders. The class covers basic first aid, types of Individual First Aid Kits (IFAK) / Blow out kit and what they should consist of, how to apply an Israeli bandage and tourniquets.
     
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    Combat Lifesaver Training Manual (U.S. Army)
    Disciplina Visuals



    Published on May 26, 2014
     
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    Survival Medicine Hour: Larry Keilberg of SelfDefenseFund, Diabetes, More

    September 25, 2016


    [​IMG]
    Legal Self Defense (pictured: Amy’s Gunshot Kit)

    Survival Medicine Hour, September 23, 2016, with Joe and Amy Alton. We discuss the prevalent market on Ebay for fake C.A.T tourniquets, and a couple things to look out for. The increasing epidemic of diabetes, and what the world might look like if we make changes and if we don’t. The World Health Organization announced a 4-fold increase in the number of diabetic diagnoses in the past 35 years.

    If you plan to defend you or your family from harm, through self defense, using ANY item, whether gun, knife, a lamp or even hands, this interview with Larry Keilberg may provide your best protection from going to jail. When force is used, deadly or otherwise, the police and court systems are not always quick to render you innocent. Long trials and expensive defense teams can ruin your life. The SelfDefenseFund.com offers a very reasonable policy to cover you and family members in the case of self defense. From expert testimony, top lawyers and a team of defense planning, you will be defended by the best. Larry Keilberg is a founding member of The National Association for Legal Gun Defense, and is an excellent source of information. Don’t miss this interview.

    To listen in, click below:

    http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2016/09/23/survival-medicine-hour-larry-keilberg-of-selfdefensefund-diabetes-more

    Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

    Joe and Amy Alton

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/surviv...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    7 Sensible Ways To Get Your Kids Dirty (and Healthy)

    September 26, 2016

    I have, on many occasions, written about the importance of good hygiene and sanitation on the chances of a family or survival group succeeding, even when everything else fails. That’s all well and good, but what can be done before a disaster to impart a resistance to infection in the next generation?

    In modern times we have, as a matter of “good parenting”, made every effort to keep our children with their noses wiped and their hands clean. Indeed, these are the basics of respiratory hygiene to prevent things like colds and flus. However, are our kids too clean? In our never-ending battle to keep them shiny and bright, have we, instead, made them more prone to the very microbes from which we want to protect then?

    Many scientists and physicians think so. In 1989, researcher Dr. David Strachan suggested the hypothesis that the failure of children to be exposed to infectious bugs and parasites may be responsible for the epidemic of allergies and allergic conditions like asthma. This was called the “Hygiene Hypothesis” and the lack of exposure to microbes was, later, more broadly applied to other diseases ranging from hay fever to diabetes to multiple sclerosis.

    The theory is based on the thought that avoidance of common germs suppresses the development of a normal immune system. In addition to microbe-avoiding practices like staying inside and not getting dirty, just the fact that modern families are smaller than those 100 years ago results in less passing-around of common infections. This, in turn, leads to the failure to develop immunity against them or the

    tolerance that would prevent allergic reactions.

    Later studies suggest that some of the skin, gut, and respiratory germs we try so hard to avoid are actually “old friends” that have been with us since ancient times, and lack of exposure to them doesn’t allow our immune systems to develop nor function appropriately. Researchers like Dr. Graham Rook compared the immature immune system to a computer; it has many programs, but needs “data” in the form of diverse germ exposures to allow the “program” to identify those that are harmful. The fetus receives some of this data even as it passes through the vaginal canal during birth.

    [​IMG]
    old farm via pixabay images

    When most of us lived on farms or in less-than-pristine cities, we were exposed to plenty of germs from a young age due to time spent outside with animals or with lots of other people. Now, unless they’re playing Pokemon Go, the majority of kids aren’t motivated to go outside or, certainly, get dirty. In the final analysis, never getting dirty as a child may be hazardous to your future health.

    Having said all this, most parents will have trouble throwing their kids in the nearest pig sty or making mud pies with Rover’s, um, poo. There are still disease-causing bacteria, viruses, and parasites out there that you’d like to avoid. Is there a middle ground?

    Here are some things you might consider:

    Avoid antibiotics: The medical profession may have been remiss in over-prescribing antibiotics, but there are antibiotics in food as well. Indeed, 70-80% of antibiotics are given to livestock, not to treat infection, but to make they grow faster and get them to market sooner. Stick with antibiotic-free eggs, milk, and meats.

    Avoid anti-bacterial soaps: Triclosan, the active antibiotic ingredient in many brands, has recently been banned by the FDA due to the risk of antibiotic resistance and the lack of evidence of any medical benefit. Use regular soap and water for washing.

    Tailor Handwashing Strategies to the Situation: If you’re in a city where open sewers run through the streets and people are tossing buckets of excrement out the window, have your kids wash their hands conscientiously. In clean environments where there isn’t a raging epidemic, however, don’t freak out over dirty hands.

    Don’t Bathe Every Day: Not only should your kids be exposed to dirt to develop their immune system, but bathing too often might do more harm than good. Daily showers removes protective skin oils and causes drying and irritation. You’re also washing away the good bacteria that lives on your skin.

    [​IMG]
    image by pixabay.com

    Get Your Kid a Pet: Not every kid has the good fortune of living on a farm, but they’ll benefit from a furry pet. Dogs seem to give more resistance to colds and allergic skin conditions like eczema than cats, but early cat exposure might give more protection against asthma. Why not have both?

    Be Sensible About Animal Droppings: Yes, I know that you can’t avoid trace amounts of animal excrement in your kids’ environment, but don’t let them play in the cat litter and you should remove pet and wild animal excrement from play areas.

    Get your kids outside when they’re young: In these days where we have legitimate concerns about children’s safety, you might be reluctant to let your kids go outside by themselves. Here’s an idea: Go out with them, to parks, wilderness areas, and other places where both adults and kids can reap real benefits.

    The more you encourage outdoor activities early, the more they become part of the next generation’s culture; let the kids get a little dirty, and you might give them a healthier future.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/7-sensible-ways-to-get-your-kids-dirty-and-healthy/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+drBonesAndNurseAmysdoomAndBloomtmShow+(.........DR+BONES+and+NURSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    Survival Medicine Hour: Epipens, Hurricanes, Kratom, Chamomile

    September 30, 2016


    [​IMG]

    The Survival Medicine Hour hosted by Joe Alton, MD aka Dr. Bones and Amy Alton, ARNP, aka Nurse Amy, are bringing you another episode of exciting and thrilling (well very entertaining and useful at least) survival information. Don’t miss out! Folks we have another hurricane on the horizon, Matthew is churning up the seas and is now a level 3 Hurricane with the possibility of hitting the USA in a few days time. Get prepared and learn what you need to do now to stay safe. Storm safety for all kinds of storms is vital knowledge.

    What’s up with the Epipen crisis? What will you do if you don’t have or can’t afford the epipen, or even the still expensive ($606 for 2 pack) generic version? Dr. Bones shares a method of administering an alternative in the face of an emergency.

    Kratom is being made into a schedule 1 drug, which is the same level as Heroin. This herb is blamed for 15 deaths, but only one of those deaths was the person found with only Kratom onboard. Many Kratom users herald it as the reason they were able to stop using other drugs, like heroin and pain meds. The users and their families contacted their congress members and a call to delay the change of Kratom to a schedule 1 drug has been made by the supportive congress members. More research should be done to accurately determine the effects of Kratom before a hastily decision is made. We discuss this issue and give you the 411.

    Chamomile is a wonderful herbal medicine. It has been used safely for thousands of years. It is know to calm digestive issues and calm nervous disorders. Nurse Amy discusses this awesome herbal remedy and how to use it.

    To listen in, click below:
    http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2016/10/01/survival-medicine-hour-epipens-hurricanes-chamomile-kratom

    Joe and Amy Alton

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/surviv...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    Would You Survive A Hurricane?

    October 2, 2016


    [​IMG]
    The “eye” of a hurricane

    After more than a decade without a major hurricane, South Florida faces the possibility of a glancing blow from powerful Hurricane Matthew. Are you ready, Floridians and East Coasters? Matthew was downgraded to a very strong category 4 storm recently but is thought to still pack winds of 150 mph.

    It doesn’t take very long for people to forget the devastation that previous hurricanes have caused in the United States. Hurricanes are one of the few disasters that advanced weather forecasting can predict well ahead of its arrival. The National Weather Service puts out regular advisories for upcoming storms. Despite this, few are prepared to handle the dangers to life and property that can occur.

    Hurricane Matthew is a high level storm with winds of up to 150 mph. Hurricanes are graded into 5 categories by the Saffir-Simpson Scale. The scale uses maximum sustained winds as a measure:

    Category 1: 74-95 mph winds

    Category 2: 96-110 mph winds

    Category 3: 111-130 mph winds

    Category 4: 131-155 mph winds

    Category 5: >155 mph winds

    Although hurricane season starts in June, most major storms in the Atlantic seem to hit in August, September, and October. Hurricane Sandy hit the Jersey shore in late October. Category five hurricanes Katrina and Andrew (2005, 1992) hit in late August.

    [​IMG]
    Coconuts? You mean missiles…

    Are You Ready?

    Hurricanes can be dangerous, but they don’t have to be life-threatening for those who prepare. Unlike tornadoes, which can pop up suddenly, hurricanes are first identified when they are hundreds, if not thousands of miles away. We can watch their development and have a good idea of how bad it might get and how much time we have to get ready.

    An effective plan of action takes into account factors like shelter, clean water, food, power, and other important issues. By planning before a hurricane threatens your area, you’ll avoid the mad rush for supplies that leaves supermarket shelves empty.

    Perhaps your most important decision might be: Should you get out of Dodge? You can actually outrun one of these storms if you get enough of a head start. At present, for example, Hurricane Matthew is plodding along at about 7 mph. If you live on the coast or in an area that floods often, there will be rising tide waters (known as the “storm surge”) that might cause impressive flooding. Indeed, flooding is the leading cause of deaths due to hurricanes.

    The National Weather Service keeps a close eye on hurricanes and issues two types of warnings:

    Hurricane Watch: Hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or greater) are possible within a specified area.

    Hurricane Warning: Hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or greater) are expected somewhere within a specified area.

    In many cases, the authorities will issue an order to evacuate areas that will be hardest hit. If such an order is broadcast, you should leave. If you live near the coast in pre-fabricated housing, such as a trailer, it’s wisest to hit the road before the storm makes landfall. Alternatively, many municipalities will designate a hurricane-resistant public building nearby as an official shelter.

    If you do choose to leave town, plan to go as far inland as possible. Hurricanes get their strength from the warm water temperatures over the tropical ocean; they lose strength quickly as they travel over land. It might be a wise move to make reservations at a hotel early if you don’t have a place to go; there will be little room at the inn for the latecomers.

    A good idea is to always have a set of supplies ready to go for any emergency. This kit is called a “Bug-Out”, “Go”, or “GOOD” (Get Out Of Dodge) bag. Although most survivalists recommend packing for 72 hours off the grid in case of a disaster, that number is arbitrary; be prepared to at least have a week’s supply of food and drinking water, as well as extra clothing and medical supplies.

    [​IMG]
    storm surge

    Riding Out The Storm

    If you decide to weather the storm at home, have an idea of what your home’s weak spots are. What amount of sustained wind your structure can withstand? Most homes are built to withstand 90 mph winds, but when South Florida was devastated by Hurricane Andrew in 1992, new homes in South Florida were mandated to be able to withstand 125 mph winds. If the coming storm has sustained winds over that level, you may not be able to depend on the structural integrity of older homes.

    Where is the best place in the home to serve as a “safe room”? It should be in the part of the home most downwind of the direction from which the hurricane is hitting you. Be certain to plan for any special needs that family members (and pets) may have. You may wind up taking care of more people that you expect, so have more water and non-perishable food than you think you’ll need (1 gallon/day per person minimum). Filling bathtubs with fresh water would give you a reasonable supply.

    Outdoors

    Unsecured objects can become missiles in a hurricane. Outdoors, move all patio furniture and potted plants either inside the house or up against the outside wall, preferably secured with chains. Put up hurricane shutters if you have them.

    One special issue for South Floridians is coconuts: They turn into cannonballs in a hurricane. Cut them off the tree before the winds come. Interestingly, the palm trees themselves, as they don’t have a dense crown, seem to weather most high winds without a problem. Trees with dense crowns, however, should be pruned to allow wind through and all dead branches removed.

    Roof shingles are often casualties of the storm, so have some waterproof tarps available. Roofers are going to be pretty busy after a major storm and might not get to you right away. In South Florida after Wilma (2005), there were still tarps on roofs more than a year later.

    Indoors

    Indoor planning is important as well. Communications may be out in a major storm, so have a NOAA weather radio and lots of fresh batteries. Turn refrigerators and freezers down to their coldest settings, so that food won’t spoil right away if the power fails. Coolers filled with ice or dry ice will extend the life of some of your more perishable items. Don’t forget a hand-operated can opener.

    Fill up gas and propane tanks early in every hurricane season. Make sure that you know how to shut off the electricity, gas and water, if necessary, and perhaps consider getting a generator and some extra gas cans. Never use gas grills or generators indoors, though, as the fumes may be life-threatening.

    There’s another kind of power you should be concerned about. In the aftermath of a storm, credit card verification may be down; without cash, you may have no purchasing power at all.

    What About The Kids?

    If you’ve hunkered down in your home during the storm, make sure that you’ve got books, board games, and light sources for when the power goes down. Kids (and most adults) go stir crazy when stuck inside, especially if they don’t have TVs or computers in service.

    Take time to discuss the coming storm in advance with the whole family; this will give everyone an idea of what to expect, and keep fear down to a minimum. Give the kids some responsibility, as well. Give them the opportunity to pack their own bag or select games to play. This will keep their minds busy and their nerves calm.

    Be Smart

    It’s amazing how thrill-seekers will go out in the middle of a storm; people seem to be enthralled with hurricanes, and will go out in dangerous winds to take selfies or do other foolish things. This is a recipe for a bad outcome, and some avoidable deaths will occur as a result. Several were killed during Hurricane Sandy because of their zeal to go out during the worst part of the storm. Take hurricanes seriously; there’s danger from flooding, flying debris, falling trees, and much more.

    After the Storm

    Some items will be useful in the cleanup after the storm. You’ll need work gloves, plastic garbage bags, duct tape, insect repellent, and even tweezers to deal with the splinters that inevitably are part and parcel of moving a lot of debris. A chain saw might be needed as well.

    In the aftermath of the hurricane, cell phone service may be down due to the huge volume of calls. Texts may be possible, however, even if voice calls aren’t.

    By planning early to get your home and family prepared for a hurricane, you’ll have the best chance of staying safe during the storm.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/would-you-survive-a-hurricane/
     
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    28 Sensible Tips To Get Through A Hurricane

    October 4, 2016


    [​IMG]

    Hurricane Matthew is slowly churning it way towards the U.S. with sustained winds of 140 mph or more, and the potential for major damage and loss of life exists for many coastal areas.

    Hurricanes can certainly be dangerous, but they don’t have to be life-threatening for those who prepare. Unlike tornadoes, which can pop up suddenly, hurricanes are first identified when they are hundreds, if not thousands of miles away. We can watch their development and have a good idea of how bad the situation might be and how much time we have to get ready.

    Even before it’s clear that your area is in danger of being hit by the storm, you should have considered factors like food, water, power, and shelter. By having a plan of action beforehand, you’ll decrease the risk to your family significantly.

    Here are a few (actually, 28!) tips to help those preparing for the worst, while hoping for the best:

    HITTING THE ROAD

    1.Make a G.O.O.D. (Get Out Of Dodge) decision: Rugged individualists may want to ride out the storm, but some coastal residents would be best served by hitting the road. When the authorities say it’s time to evacuate, you should be ready to go. Don’t forget to turn off the power, gas, and water before you leave.

    2.Head inland: Hurricanes gain their strength by warm ocean waters, and lose strength quickly as they get further into the interior. If you’re escaping the storm, the further inland you go, the safer you’ll be. If there isn’t time, most coastal municipalities will have designated a sturdy building as a hurricane shelter.

    3.Have a “GO” bag: Always have a set of supplies ready to take with you on short notice. Non-perishable food, bottled water, extra clothing, flashlights and batteries, a NOAA weather radio, medicines, and a first aid kit are just a few of the items that will ensure your survival. Although you’ll see recommendations to have a 72 hour supply, this figure is arbitrary, and a week’s worth would be even better.

    4.Have a cell phone charger: Communication is key. Many cell phone chargers can be plugged into the car where the cigarette lighter used to be.

    5.Have cash on hand: Power for credit card verification could be down after a hurricane; if you don’t keep some cash on hand, you’ll have a power shortage: Purchasing power.

    Let’s say you haven’t received an evacuation order, and you’re going to ride out the storm in place. Here are some considerations you want to take into account:

    FOOD

    6.Keep it Cold: Have the refrigerator and freezer down to their coldest settings so that food will take longer to spoil.

    7.Collect Ice: Collect ice in plastic bags and place them throughout to prolong freshness. If there are open spots, fill Tupperware containers or plastic soda bottles/milk jugs with water, freeze them, and place them in the spaces. The fuller the fridge is, the longer the items in it will stay cool.

    8.Wrap It in Foil: Wrap food items in aluminum foil, eliminating air pockets, and cram the foil packs together as closely as possible.

    9.Cook ‘Em and Freeze ‘Em: Cook meats before the hurricane gets close and freeze them. As cooking requires fuel, have some full propane tanks or charcoal briquettes in your supplies for when the power goes out.

    10.Eat the Perishables Now: Eat the perishables first, canned foods later.

    11.Keep It Closed: Don’t leave the refrigerator door open while deciding what food to take out. Visualize where a particular item is and then open the door. Close it as quickly as possible.

    WATER

    12.Water, Water everywhere: Have a stockpile of 5 gallon bottles of water or a plentiful supply of smaller bottles.

    13.Fill the Tub: Fill all bathtubs with water. You might think this is overkill, but every member of your family needs 1 gallon of water per day. It goes fast.

    14.Drink the Melted Ice: As refrigerated ice in containers melts, don’t waste it. Use it as an additional source of drinking water.

    15.Hot Water Heaters Hold….Water!: Hot water heaters have gallons and gallons of drinkable water; don’t hesitate to raid them if you get low. First, turn off the electricity or gas. Attach a hose to the drain valve and release the vacuum in the tank by opening a hot water faucet. There might be some sediment at the bottom that should be drained out first.

    16.Sterilize it: Have some household bleach available to sterilize questionable water (like from the water heater). 12-16 drops per gallon should do the job. Wait 30 minutes before drinking.

    17.Have a water filter: handheld filters like the Lifestraw or Sawyer Mini, or larger ones like the Berkey can be useful to deal with cloudy water.

    SHELTER

    18.Put Up The Shutters: If you have hurricane shutters, put them up at least 24 hours before hurricane landfall. It’s no fun to have to stand on a ladder in gale force winds and pouring rain to install them. Been there, done that.

    19.Move Furniture/Plants Inside: Move the patio furniture and potted plants indoors. If you can’t for some reason, chain them together against an outer wall downwind from the direction of the storm.

    20.Prune Trees: Prune all trees near your home so that wind can easily flow through the crowns. Otherwise, expect some to be downed by the storm. Branches, fruit (in South Florida, coconuts!), and other debris can act as missiles in high winds.

    21.Pick a “Safe Room”: Choose a room in the interior of the home, preferably one without unshuttered windows.

    22.Place candles in pans: Candles can be knocked over by winds and cause fires. If you must use them, stick them in a pan with shiny sides that would be deep enough to cover the flame.

    23.Have Tarps at the Ready: Large tarps can be used to cover windows and, after the storm, to cover any areas of the roof that might have been damaged.

    OTHER IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS

    24.The Kids: Have board games, toys, and books to keep the children’s minds off scary winds. If you’re evacuating, let kids bring their favorite stuffed animals, blanket, or pillow to keep them calm.

    25.Your Other Kids: Don’t forget to take into account the needs of your pets. Have food, water, and their favorite toy available, whether you leave or stay at home.

    26.Your Other, Other Kid: Make sure your car is in good working order and filled with gas. Having some spare gas cans will be useful in case of a shortage at the pumps, and can be used to run generators (although never inside).

    27.Your documents: Place important papers like birth certificates, passports, insurance documents, and others in waterproof containers. Scan them and send them in an email to yourself.

    28.Keep your radio on: A NOAA weather radio, battery-powered or hand-cranked, will be an important source of information on the progress of the storm, and for community updates.

    Being prepared for a hurricane can make sure that the storm will be just a bump in the road, and not the end of the road for you and your family. Have a plan of action, get some supplies, and you’ll join the ranks of the few, the proud, the prepared!

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/28-sensible-tips-to-get-through-a-hurricane/
     
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    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    About Fallout 1963 (Revised & Extended Version) DOD Office of Civil Defense
    Jeff Quitney



    Published on Oct 8, 2016
    Nuclear weapons playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list...

    more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/

    "Optimistic vision of fallout and civil defense countermeasures." This is the 1963 revised and extended version; the film was originally released in a shorter version in 1955.

    1961 "Radiological Defense" https://youtu.be/m7n7nKbbK3Q

    Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound.

    Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied.
    The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b...
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_...

    Fallout is the residual radioactive material propelled into the upper atmosphere following a nuclear blast, so called because it "falls out" of the sky after the explosion and shock wave have passed. It commonly refers to the radioactive dust and ash created when a nuclear weapon explodes. This radioactive dust, consisting of material either directly vaporized by a nuclear blast or charged by exposure, is a highly dangerous kind of radioactive contamination. It can lead to the contamination of aquifers and devastate the affected ecosystem years after the initial exposure.

    Types

    There are many types of fallout, ranging from the global type to the more area-restricted types of fallout.

    Worldwide

    After an air burst, fission products, un-fissioned nuclear material, and weapon residues vaporized by the heat of the fireball condense into a fine suspension of small particles 10 nm to 20 µm in diameter. These particles may be quickly drawn up into the stratosphere, particularly if the explosive yield exceeds 10 kt.
    Atmospheric nuclear weapon tests almost doubled the concentration of radioactive 14C in the Northern Hemisphere, before levels slowly declined following the Partial Test Ban Treaty.

    Initially little was known about the dispersion of nuclear fallout on a global scale. The AEC assumed that fallout would be dispersed evenly across the globe by atmospheric winds and gradually settle to the Earth's surface after weeks, months, and even years as worldwide fallout. Nuclear products that were deposited in the Northern Hemisphere are becoming "far more dangerous than they had originally been estimated[citation needed]."

    The radio-biological hazard of worldwide fallout is essentially a long-term one because of the potential accumulation of long-lived radioisotopes (such as strontium-90 and caesium-137) in the body as a result of ingestion of foods containing the radioactive materials. This hazard is less pertinent than local fallout, which is of much greater immediate operational concern.

    Local

    In a land or water surface burst, heat vaporizes large amounts of earth or water, which is drawn up into the radioactive cloud. This material becomes radioactive when it condenses with fission products and other radiocontaminants that have become neutron-activated. The table below summarizes the abilities of common isotopes to form fallout. Some radiation would taint large amounts of land and drinking water causing formal mutations throughout animal and human life...

    A surface burst generates large amounts of particulate matter, composed of particles from less than 100 nm to several millimeters in diameter—in addition to very fine particles that contribute to worldwide fallout. The larger particles spill out of the stem and cascade down the outside of the fireball in a downdraft even as the cloud rises, so fallout begins to arrive near ground zero within an hour. More than half the total bomb debris lands on the ground within about 24 hours as local fallout...

    Severe local fallout contamination can extend far beyond the blast and thermal effects, particularly in the case of high yield surface detonations...

    Whenever individuals remain in a radiologically contaminated area, such contamination leads to an immediate external radiation exposure as well as a possible later internal hazard from inhalation and ingestion of radiocontaminants, such as the rather short-lived iodine-131, which is accumulated in the thyroid.
     
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    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    28 Hurricane Preparedness Safety Tips: Filmed with a hurricane close by
    DrBones NurseAmy



    Published on Oct 9, 2016
    Before a hurricane hits make a plan and take action to keep you and your family safe. Hurricanes are not a surprise event, you have time to prepare your home, get supplies and evacuate if needed. Hosted by Joe Alton, MD of https://www.doomandbloom.net/.
    Companion Articles:
    https://www.doomandbloom.net/hurrican...
    https://www.doomandbloom.net/28-sensi...
    Our Medical Education and Custom First Aid Kits: https://store.doomandbloom.net/
    This video was filmed with Hurricane Matthew on the way and winds gusting in the background already.
     
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    Video: An Alternative to Epi-Pen

    October 9, 2016


    [​IMG]
    bee stings can cause severe allergic reactions

    In this video, Joe Alton, MD, aka Dr. Bones, discusses the recent scandal where Mylan corporation, the company that markets the life-saving autoinjector “Epi-Pen“, raised prices on a pack of two from $100 in 2007 to $600 today. Although the company has given out some savings cards for up to $300, only a certain few are eligible and definitely not if you’re on Medicaid. Indeed, now it appears that Mylan had been gouging the federal government as well, and is being investigated. Guess that’s proof that all publicity isn’t good publicity.

    Joe Alton looks for an alternative and one option is to get vials of 1:1000 epinephrine, insulin syringes, and some alcohol wipes. In the video, Joe Alton describes the process for using prefilled epinephrine for a severe allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock, and the formula for adult and pediatric use.

    Adult dose from drugs.com for anaphylaxis: “30 kg (about 66 pounds) or greater: 0.3 to 0.5 mg (0.3 to 0.5 mL 1:1000 epinephrine solution) of undiluted drug IM or subcutaneously into anterolateral aspect of the thigh; repeat every 5 to 10 minutes as needed. Maximum dose per injection: 0.5 mg (0.5 mL of 1:1000 epinephrine solution).”

    Pediatric dose from drugs.com for anaphylaxis: “Less than 30 kg (about 66 pounds): 0.01 mg/kg (0.01 mL/kg) of undiluted drug IM or subcutaneously into anterolateral aspect of thigh; repeat every 5 to 10 minutes as needed. Maximum dose per injection: 0.3 mg (0.3 mL of 1:1000 epinephrine solution).”

    To take an example, a 20 kg child (about 44 pounds) would, using the 0.01 mg/kg formula would need 0.2 mg, which translates in a 1:1000 epinephrine solution to 0.2 ml injected in the anterior/lateral aspect of the thigh.

    There’s more to know, though, so check out Dr. Alton’s video. To watch, click the image below:



    Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

    Joe and Amy Alton

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/video-...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    How to Protect Yourself from Nuclear Fallout and Survive an Atomic Attack - 1950s Educational Film
    The Best Film Archives



    Published on Sep 21, 2012
    ►My channel: http://youtube.com/TheBestFilmArchives
    ►SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/TheBestFilmArc...
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    The beautiful music for my intro was created by MusicalBasics. Listen to his music here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BC8RK...

    It is an animated Cold War preparation short film about what Fallout is and how to protect yourself against it. While the information provided might actually be somewhat useful in case of a reactor accident (e.g. Fukushima), it is also fun to watch as the harms of nuclear fallout are smiled away by an animated person and the encouraging voice of a typical 50′s narrator.

    The original title of this film is "Fallout: When and How to Protect Yourself Against It".

    About fallout:

    Fallout (also fall-out) is the residual radioactive material propelled into the upper atmosphere following a nuclear blast or a nuclear reaction conducted in an unshielded facility, so called because it "falls out" of the sky after the explosion and shock wave have passed. It commonly refers to the radioactive dust and ash created when a nuclear weapon explodes, but this dust can also be originated in a damaged nuclear plant. Fallout can also refer to nuclear accidents, although a nuclear reactor does not explode like a nuclear weapon.

    This radioactive dust, consisting of material either directly vaporized by a nuclear blast or charged by exposure, is a highly dangerous kind of radioactive contamination. It can lead to the contamination of aquifers or soil and devastate the affected ecosystems years after the initial exposure. A wide range of biological changes may follow the irradiation of animals and humans. These vary from rapid death following high doses of penetrating whole-body radiation, to essentially normal lives for a variable period of time until the development of delayed radiation effects, in a portion of the exposed population, following low dose exposures.

    During the Cold War, the governments of the U.S., the USSR, Great Britain, and China attempted to educate their citizens about surviving a nuclear attack by providing procedures on minimizing short-term exposure to fallout. In the U.S. and China, this effort became known as Civil Defense.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_...

    A fallout shelter is an enclosed space specially designed to protect occupants from radioactive debris or fallout resulting from a nuclear explosion. Many such shelters were constructed as civil defense measures during the Cold War.

    A fallout shelter is designed to allow its occupants to minimize exposure to harmful fallout until radioactivity has decayed to a safer level. Although many shelters still exist, some even being used as museums, virtually all fallout shelters have been decommissioned since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fallout_...

    Fallout: When and How to Protect Yourself Against It
     
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    FAMILY FALLOUT SHELTERS: Nuclear War for Housewives Vintage Film - 1960s American Civil Defense
    Bright Enlightenment



    Published on Jul 9, 2012
    HOW TO BUILD & STOCK A BOMB SHELTER! FAMILY FALLOUT SHELTERS: Nuclear War for Housewives - 1960s American Civil Defense Educational Film
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    Family Fallout Shelters -- Civil Defense Home Preparedness Workshop Filmstrip 2 of 5 (1960)
    http://archive.org/details/FamilyFall...
    http://creativecommons.org/publicdoma...
    This video is a work of the United States Federal Government prepared by federal
    government officers and/or employees as part of their official duties and is not
    copyrightable and is in the public domain and free to use for any purpose
    including commercial use.

    "Family Fallout Shelters"
    A filmstrip presentation produced in 1960 by the U.S. Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization for use in the "Home Preparedness Workshops" held in local communities. Target audience was the average American housewife and homemaker of the period. This is number 2 in a series of 5 filmstrips made by the OCDM for use in the Home Preparedness Workshop.
    Producer: U.S. Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization
    Keywords: civil defense; home preparedness; fallout shelter; CONELRAD; atomic; nuclear; cold war; filmstrip
    Creative Commons license: Public Domain Mark 1.0
     
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    Parasitic Worms

    October 18, 2016


    [​IMG]
    parasitic worm

    It’s important to realize that there are infections not commonly seen today in developed countries that may become major issues if a disaster throws you off the grid. Knowing which disease-causing organisms exist in your area, even if they are not major problems today, will be important to keep your loved ones healthy.

    The word “parasite” comes from the Greek word Parastos, meaning “someone that eats at someone else’s table”. When we think of para- sites, none give us the creeps more than having worms.

    Parasites like ticks, fleas, mites, and lice live on our skin or just beneath; these are called ectoparasites. Worms, also known as helminths, are endoparasites. They live deep in our intestines or other core organs, often gaining sustenance by sharing our partly-digested food. They are also egg-laying machines, with some depositing tens of thousands a day into their host.

    Many different worms are known to infest the human body: nematodes, trematodes, flatworms, and flukes, are just a few. The diseases they cause are a major health issue in underdeveloped countries due to difficulties with sanitation. Even in developed nations, any disaster that impairs access to safe food and water could cause cases of parasitic worms to skyrocket.

    Worm infestation is usually caused by ingesting soil that contains their eggs. While this may seem an unlikely happenstance to you, areas where people defecate openly and fail to wash their hands leads to contaminated soil. Some of this soil ends up on people’s hands, and then goes to their mouth when they touch their face.

    Parasitic worms range in size from microscopic to very long, depending on the species. The most common infection we’ll see in the U.S. is the tiny Pinworm, which causes anal itching in 40 million Americans. However, almost a quarter of the world’s population has some type of worm infestation. Children are especially vulnerable and may experience stunted growth and developmental problems as a consequence.

    Worm eggs or larvae enter the body through the mouth, nose, anus, or breaks in the skin. Amazingly, many helminths actually require human stomach acid to dissolve their egg shells to allow them to hatch. Once hatched, the acid-immune larvae travel from the stomach and attach themselves to the walls of the intestinal tract. Some species infest the liver and lungs as well.

    SYMPTOMS OF WORM INFESTATIONS

    Colonization by worms may be asymptomatic or, as in the case of pin- worms, just involve some itching in the anal area. With some species, however, a large concentration of organisms can cause serious problems.

    Each type of worms cause different symptoms, but you should suspect their presence in otherwise-unexplained cases of:

    • Constipation or diarrhea
    • Abdominal swelling or gas
    • Abdominal pain or cramps
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Weight loss
    • Constant urge to have a bowel movement.
    • Unexplained skin rashes or sores.
    • Anal itching
    • Constant fatigue.
    • Chronic muscle and joint aches.
    • Malnutrition
    The above represents a broad array of symptoms, and makes me wonder if the number of cases of worm infestation is underestimated, even in countries with modern infrastructures.

    CONSEQUENCES OF WORM INFESTATIONS

    In rare cases, the population of internal parasites is so high that it causes an obstruction of the bowels. Worm species that invade the liver or lungs can cause respiratory distress or a weakened metabolism. All of these complications may result in the death of the patient.

    Your body knows when it has been invaded and sets up an immune response against the worm. Success is limited, however, and all the energy put into defense may weaken the ability to fight“secondary” infections that may occur. The more issues the body has to deal with, the less effective it is in fighting them.

    Some worms actually compete with your body for the food that you take in. A species known as Ascaris, for example, will attach to the wall of your intestine and eat partially digested food that comes its way. This competition prevents you from absorbing nutrients effectively, and malnutrition results.

    TYPES OF WORMS

    There are numerous types of helminthic infections based on the species involved. Infections are often named for the species with the suffix “-asis” (for example, ascariasis), as opposed to other infections/inflammations, which often end with the body part affected and the suffix “-itis” (for example, tonsillitis).

    Although there many worms that infect humans, some of the more common types are



    Pinworms

    [​IMG]
    Pinworm life cycle

    Pinworms are a type of nematode called a roundworm. Reaching only 1/3 inch in length, they lay eggs around the host’s anus, usually at night. This leads to an itching sensation which can become severe. Pinworms are the most common parasitic worm infection in the United States

    A cycle then develops where contaminated fingers from scratching come in contact with the mouth. This transports the eggs inside the body where they hatch.

    You can test for pinworms simply by placing adhesive tape on the anal region of the patient. Inspect the tape for worms (eggs may also be seen with a low-power microscope) after a few hours or the next morning.



    Hookworms

    [​IMG]
    hookworms

    Hookworms are another roundworm and one of the most common helminth infections worldwide. The parasite feeds on blood from vessels in the intestinal walls. Hookworm infestation is sometimes asymptomatic, but can cause anemia as well as abdominal symptoms.

    Occasionally, a larval (juvenile) hookworm that uses a non-human host may penetrate the skin of a human. Although it can’t go into the organs, it can cause a skin disease called “Larva Migrans”, once known as “creeping eruption”.

    With Larva Migrans, you can see serpentine vein-like lesions with itching in the skin. As the larva move, areas where they previously were may become crusty and very itchy.



    Ascaris

    [​IMG]
    ascaris super-infestation

    The largest intestinal roundworm, reaching 14 inches, is known as Ascaris. It is thought that there are 2 billion people that carry this worm, mostly in poorly developed countries.

    Ascaris eggs, when ingested, become a larvae that enters the blood- stream through the small intestine. It reaches the lung, where it leaves the circulation and is eventually coughed up, swallowed, and goes back to the intestine, where it matures. Once mature, the female worm can produce up to 200,000 eggs a day.

    Ascaris effects may include bloody phlegm, fever, cough, and abdominal symptoms. If the concentration of worms is high enough, they may begin to leave the body through the anus, nose, or mouth.



    Tapeworms

    [​IMG]
    tapeworm with 12 inch ruler at bottom for comparison

    Tapeworm is a type of infection caused by a flatworm that lives mostly in Asia and Africa. The worm is, indeed, flat. Tapeworm eggs can form
    walled-off areas called “cysts” in body tissues and organs. If larvae are ingested, however, they will mature into adult tapeworms in the intestines. The adults are segmented and reach prodigious lengths up to 55 (!) feet long.

    Symptoms are typical for other helminth infections but symptoms related to the infested organ may also be seen.

    TREATMENT OF WORM INFESTATIONS

    Medications that can kill parasitic worms are called “vermiculicides” or “vermicides“. All are prescription drugs, although persons with travel plans to underdeveloped countries shouldn’t have trouble getting these from their physician.

    Albendazole (brand name Albenza for roundworms) 400 mg once or twice.

    Mebendazole (only available in generic form; most specific for pinworm infestation) 100 mg twice a day for 3 days or 500 mg

    Pyrantel pamoate (common ingredient in heartworm meds for dogs) 11 mg/kg once, some species once daily up to 3 days.

    Praziquantel (brand name Biltricide for tapeworms, various dosages depending on worm species)

    Dosing may vary with some of these medications dependent on the type of worm. A second course of therapy is administered if the patient is not cured in 2-4 weeks.

    Naturally anti-helminthic plants also exist. Garlic, ingested fresh and raw, is thought to be an effective way to eliminate worms. Wormwood, Clove, Papaya, Pineapple, Cinnamon, Turmeric, and Plumeria have all been reported to be helpful. Interestingly, some believe that tobacco may help eliminate worms.

    Careful attention to hygiene, wearing shoes when outside, and, among medical providers, strict glove use will decrease the likelihood of passing worms or their eggs from person to person. Hand washing, especially before preparing food, is considered especially important in preventing community-wide outbreaks.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/parasi...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    All About Giardiasis

    October 27, 2016


    [​IMG]
    giardia (aren’t you glad it’s microscopic?)

    Recently, I wrote about a relatively unusual medical issue for developed countries: parasitic worms. Problems related to poor hygiene and sanitation, chronic issues in many countries, cause parasites to reach epidemic status.

    There are other types of parasites, however, that are more common in local water sources than worms, and they can have dire consequences. One of these is Giardia, a family of parasites that is found in just about every region on Earth. The most common species to affect North America is Giardia lamblia, sometimes called Giardia intestinalis.

    A parasite feeds off another organism to survive, and Giardia prefers mammals, including humans. Giardia is a hardy bug, though, and can live for long periods of time in moist soil or water. Infection, known as “giardiasis”, occurs as a result of ingestion of food or water contaminated with feces. Once a person or animal becomes infected with Giardia, it inhabits the intestines and is passed in excrement.

    The most common cause of giardia transmission occurs from person to person. Poorly prepared food, unsterile water, and improper bathroom hygiene accounts for the majority of cases. Despite this, the clearest streams in the Colorado backcountry may be contaminated by Giardia, causing it to be an issue for wilderness hikers who don’t pay strict attention to water disinfection and frequent hand-washing.

    Mothers and child care workers who fail to adhere to strict hand washing while changing diapers of infected babies are also at risk.

    SYMPTOMS OF GIARDIASIS

    The symptoms of Giardia don’t often appear immediately. They can begin as early as 2 days after infection. As an intestinal infection, you can expect to see significant watery diarrhea interspersed with soft, greasy stools. Other symptoms include:

    • bloating
    • excessive gas
    • abdominal cramps
    • upset stomach
    • nausea
    • weight loss
    • fatigue
    You might not consider the above all that severe, but in many cases, the symptoms last for weeks and may lead to severe dehydration, a common cause of otherwise-avoidable deaths in earlier times, and a serious issue today anywhere advanced care isn’t available. Children are especially prone to malnutrition and, if chronic, may experience stunted growth and development.

    TREATMENT OF GIARDIASIS

    Severe symptoms can be treated with hydration and antibiotics like Metronidazole (aquarium equivalent: Fish-Zole) or anti-worm drugs (also known as “anti-helminthics”) like Albendazole.

    Many less severe giardia infections may resolve without treatment after a few weeks. It’s thought, however, that some people may develop a “carrier” relationship with giardia; symptoms become less noticeable with time, but the carrier can transmit the infection to others (even sexually through oral-fecal routes).

    PREVENTION OF GIARDIASIS

    There is no medication or vaccine that will prevent Giardia infection. There are, however, a number of precautions that will minimize your risk of infection:

    • Wash your hands. Hand washing after going to the bathroom, changing diapers, and before/after the preparation of food. Use alcohol-based sanitizers if soap and water aren’t available.
    • Disinfect questionable water. Avoid drinking untreated water from lakes, rivers, creeks, and springs unless you filter it with products like the Lifestraw, Mini-Sawyer, or Berkey. Alternatively, bring water to an active boil for 1-5 minutes first. Add 1 minute for every 1000 feet of elevation (water boils at lower temperatures higher up). It should be noted Giardia is relatively resistant to bleach, a commonly-used water disinfectant.
    • Travel concerns: Use bottled water wherever water is of dubious quality, even for brushing teeth. Avoid putting ice made from local water in drinks. When swimming, keep your mouth closed.
    • Wash food before you eat it. Wash raw fruits and vegetables before adding them to your meals.
    • Practice safe sex. Sexual intercourse, especially anal sex, can transmit Giardia. Avoid this method or use a barrier like a condom.
    The smallest organisms can cause major medical issues in good times or bad. Pay careful attention to sanitation and hygiene, and you’ll keep it together at home, on that wilderness hike, or abroad.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/all-ab...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
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    The Future of Fish Antibiotics in Survival?

    October 29, 2016


    [​IMG]
    Siamese Fighting Fish (Betta splendens)

    As the first physician to write, years ago, about aquarium and avian antibiotics as a survival tool, I’ve long realized their utility in preventing unnecessary deaths in true survival scenarios (in normal times, seek modern and standard medical care). Lately, I’ve received a lot of mail asking about the upcoming FDA Veterinary Feed Directive. Does it mean the end of the availability of fish and bird meds for placement in disaster medical storage?

    To understand what the Veterinary Feed Directive is and what it means for the preparedness community, we should first describe the problem that the Directive aims to correct: Antibiotic resistance. There is an epidemic of antibiotic resistance in this country, and it exists, not because of pet bird or fish antibiotic use, not because “preppers” might put them in a disaster medical kit, nor even primarily from the overuse by physicians. It is due to the excessive use of antibiotics on livestock. About 80% of antibiotics used in the United States are given to food-producing animals.

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    The definition of a “Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) drug”, according to section 504 of the FD&C Act (21 USC 354) states that it is “[a] drug intended for use in or on animal feed. The CDC’s goal #1 of decreasing the emergence of antibiotic resistance and preventing the spread of resistant infections has three objectives (see page 33):

    1 -“Implement public health programs and reporting policies that advance antibiotic resistance prevention and foster antibiotic stewardship in healthcare settings and the community. “

    2 -“Eliminate the use of medically important antibiotics for growth promotion in animals and bring other in-feed uses of antibiotics, for treatment and disease control and prevention of disease, under veterinary oversight. “

    3 –“Identify and implement measures to foster stewardship of antibiotics in animals.”

    As you can see, 2 of 3 of the above relate specifically to animals. Why are so many antibiotics given to livestock? It’s not, primarily, to treat infections that they may have. It’s actually because, for reasons that aren’t completely clear, it seems to speed their growth and gets them to market sooner. In other words, the profit motive. This is standard practice here in the U.S., but some countries, like Denmark, have banned the use of antibiotics on livestock unless they need them to treat disease.

    The FDA and CDC are concerned about the excessive use of antibiotics in general and, in particular, on the animals that produce our food. CDC director Dr. Tom Frieden mentioned some months ago that an increased “stewardship” (in other words, control) of these meds was indicated to decrease the development of antibiotic resistance. The Veterinary Feed Directive is part of that response.

    What are the drugs affected by the Veterinary Feed Directive? Here they are:

    Established drug name Examples of proprietary drug name(s)

    chlortetracycline:
    Aureomycin, Aureomycyn, Chlora-Cycline, Chloronex, Chlortetracycline, Chlortetracycline Bisulfate, Chlortet-Soluble-O, CTC, Fermycin, Pennchlor

    erythromycin:
    Gallimycin

    gentamicin:
    Garacin, Gen-Gard, GentaMed, Gentocin, Gentoral

    lincomycin:
    Linco, Lincomed, Lincomix, Lincomycin, Lincomycin Hydrochloride, Lincosol, Linxmed-SP

    lincomycin/spectinomycin:
    Lincomycin S, Lincomycin-Spectinomycin, L-S, SpecLinx

    neomycin:
    Biosol Liquid, Neo, Neomed, Neomix, Neomycin, Neomycin Liquid, Neomycin Sulfate, Neo-Sol, Neosol, Neosol-Oral, Neovet

    oxytetracycline:
    Agrimycin, Citratet, Medamycin, Oxymarine, Oxymycin, Oxy-Sol, Oxytet, Oxytetracycline, Oxytetracycline HCL, Oxy WS, Pennox, Terramycin, Terra-Vet, Tetravet-CA, Tetroxy, Tetroxy Aquatic, Tetroxy HCA

    penicillin:
    Han-Pen, Penaqua Sol-G, Penicillin G Potassium, R-Pen, Solu-Pen

    spectinomycin:
    Spectam

    sulfadimethoxine:
    Agribon, Albon, Di-Methox, SDM, Sulfabiotic, Sulfadimethoxine, Sulfadived, Sulfamed-G, Sulforal, Sulfasol

    sulfamethazine:
    SMZ-Med, Sulfa, Sulmet

    sulfaquinoxaline:
    S.Q. Solution, Sulfa-Nox, Sulfaquinoxaline Sodium, Sulfaquinoxaline Solubilized, Sul-Q-Nox, Sulquin

    tetracycline:
    Duramycin, Polyotic, Solu/Tet, Solu-Tet, Supercycline, Terra-Vet, Tet, Tetra-Bac, Tetracycline, Tetracycline Hydrochloride, Tetramed, Tetra-Sal, Tetrasol, Tet-Sol, TC Vet

    “Note: apramycin, carbomycin/oxytetracycline*, chlortetracycline/sulfamethazine*, streptomycin, sulfachloropyrazine, sulfachlorpyridazine, and sulfamerazine/sulfamethazine/sulfaquinoxaline* are expected to transition to Rx status, but are not marketed at this time. If they return to the market after January 1, 2017, they will require a prescription from a veterinarian.”

    If you look at the list above, you’ll see no mention of the common aquarium/avian antibiotics used in the pet industry. Fish-Mox (Amoxicillin) is not included in the list. Neither is doxycycline, metronidazole, nor others that I’ve recommended for disaster storage. Some first-generation drugs, like Penicillin and Tetracycline, are mentioned but not any of the proprietary names related to the ornamental trade. That doesn’t mean that they might not include them at some point. As the earliest antibiotics, they have been subject to significant resistance, and might not be the best choices for survival storage in any case.

    At present, Thomas Labs, one of the largest distributors of fish and bird antibiotics for the pet trade, has not visibly changed any of its policies regarding sale of these products. Their labeling clearly states “Not for Human Use”, and many sites that sell their products include this statement:

    “…Thomas Labs sources it’s (sic) antibiotics from the same USP grade manufacturing as antibiotics used for humans, but we and Thomas Labs are not doctors and do not deal in human health problems, or prescription medications. Only a doctor can correctly prescribe antibiotics for specific need in humans. We strongly discourage anyone who wants to take Fish Antibiotics for themselves…”

    It seems clear that the Veterinary Feed Directive considers livestock and not hobby fish and birds to be the highest priority targets. If they did, the pet trade might cease to exist.

    The Veterinary Feed Directive may, indeed, decrease the incidence of bacterial resistance in the U.S. So will the wise use of antibiotics by the nation’s physicians. Hopefully, one day food livestock will be raised antibiotic-free; some companies are already taking this step.

    From a preparedness standpoint, I still believe that having antibiotics in your medical kit will save lives in a long-term disaster or survival setting. The ones I have written about over the years are still available, at least for the time being; those medically responsible in times of trouble will find them to be useful tools in the medical woodshed.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/the-future-of-fish-antibiotics-in-survival/
     
    Last edited: Oct 30, 2016
  39. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Medical Supplies for the Homestead
    November 6, 2016


    [​IMG]
    image by pixabay.com

    If you’re a homesteader, you’ll want to be ready for any eventuality. In a remote location or austere environment, the importance of medical self-reliance can’t be overemphasized. Injuries and illness can happen anytime due to a storm, wildfire, earthquake, or other disaster.

    Medical strategies abound for these mostly short term scenarios that are both reasonable and effective. An entire medical education system exists to deal with limited wilderness or disaster situations. This system is served by a growing emergency supply industry and, in some cases, supported by federal taxes.

    When you happen upon a victim in normal times, your goal is to:
    • Evaluate the injured or ill patient.
    • Stabilize their condition.
    • Transport them to the nearest modern medical facility.
    This series of steps couldn’t make more sense; you’re not a physician, after all. Somewhere, there are facilities that have a lot more technology than you have. Your priority is to get the patient out of immediate danger and then ship them off to a higher medical resource.

    It seems reasonable for the average citizen to expect the rescue helicopter to be on the way. But what if it isn’t? Some homesteads are far from the nearest hospital. When modern medical help isn’t at hand, quick action on your part may be necessary to save a life.

    You never know when you might be the medical “end of the line” in the uncertain future. To be effective in that role, you need supplies.

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    Family Medical Kit

    The availability of medical supplies may just save a life in troubled times, but without an idea of what medical items should be stockpiled, your effectiveness as an emergency caregiver may be compromised. Not having the right equipment at hand is like trying to eat a steak with a wrench and a screwdriver instead of a knife and fork. Purchasing these items all at once would be hard on the wallet, so the best strategy Is to slowly stockpile the medical supplies you need.

    This article is meant to be a guide to which supplies would help you become an effective caregiver as opposed to being an in-depth discussion of how to use each one. To help you become a well-equipped homestead caregiver, we’ll list common medical issues and what items you’ll need to deal with them.

    PERSONAL PROTECTION

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    N95 mask

    To begin with, however, let’s talk about personal protection. No, I’m not talking about condoms, although they can be important additions to your storage. I’m not talking about firearms, either, although military medics are now usually armed. I’m referring to protecting yourself and others from injuries and infectious disease.

    Don’t ignore the power of prevention. In any remote environment, you will be performing daily activities that carry risk of injury. Chopping wood for fuel would be one example. Eye and hand protection in the form of goggles and work gloves could prevent various injuries. Here are some other items that would be protective:

    Gloves: I recommend nitrile gloves due to the increasing number of latex allergies reported recently. I would use size 8 or “large”, as gloves that are too small tend to break. Gloves come in both sterile and non-sterile varieties. Get lots of the non-sterile for everyday work, but don’t fail to have some sterile pairs as well.

    Face Masks: These can be simple ear-loop versions or could be more advanced in the form of N95 and N100 “respirators”. These are masks that block out 95 or 100% of airborne particles larger than 0.3 microns.

    Coveralls, Boots, and Headgear: In mosquito-infested areas, there are special coveralls and headgear made from netting that are lifesavers. In epidemics of infectious disease, however, hazardous material suits that cover the body, head and feet are more pertinent for the person in charge of the sick room.

    General items: Some items are of good general use for medical issues. One of my favorites is the “EMT shears” or “bandage scissors”. This is a special scissors meant to allow you to cut through clothing so that you can accurately assess the level of injury that you’re dealing with.

    Another general item that would be highly useful would be a headlamp. Injuries can occur at night as well as during the day. Using a headlamp frees up both hands to better handle emergencies.

    A good supply of antiseptics will be important to keep your people healthy. Antiseptics are germ-killing substances that are applied to living tissue, usually skin, to reduce the possibility of infection. Antiseptics are different from antibiotics, which are meant to destroy bacteria within the body, and disinfectants, which destroy germs found on non-living objects, like kitchen or survival sick room surfaces.

    I consider household bleach to be the simplest disinfectant for cleaning sick room work surfaces, but it’s too strong to apply to living tissue. Instead, consider Betadine (Povidone-Iodine solution), Chlorhexidine (Hibiclens), Alcohol , Benzelkonium Chloride (BZK), or Hydrogen Peroxide. These can be found in small bottles, gallon jugs, and in wipes impregnated with the antiseptic.

    Some of the most important medical supplies you’ll accumulate will be those used to deal with injuries. Let’s outline what you’ll need in your role as a homestead medic:

    MINOR INJURIES

    In an austere environment, it might be difficult to get through the day without some minor injury, such as a burn while cooking, blister while hiking, or a splinter from hauling wood. The average person has, over the course of their lives, dealt with more than one of these. Helpful items to have include:
    • Soap and water and antiseptics: To clean out minor wounds. Antibacterial soap is not necessary, however. The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) determined that it doesn’t give additional protection against infection.
    • Adhesive Bandages: various sizes and shapes to protect a scratch or abrasion from getting worse.
    • Moleskin: Have a supply of these to deal with common blisters on areas that receive friction.
    • Tweezers: With a magnifying glass, these will be useful to remove splinters or other small foreign objects.
    • Styptic Pencil: Although most minor bleeding stops with direct pressure, a styptic pencil can be used for razor cuts and is a helpful addition to your kit. For a natural alternative, Cayenne pepper powder is reported to have similar effects on minor bleeding.
    • Eye wash, cups, and patches: For minor eye irritation and injuries.
    • Gauze packing: for nosebleeds. Dental cotton rolls and tampons are alternatives.
    • Burn Gel or Aloe Vera: To apply to small burns.
    ORTHOPEDIC INJURIES

    [​IMG]
    The popular SAM Splint

    Few of us, even couch potatoes, have avoided the occasional sprain or strain. In situations where we are exerting ourselves, these will be more common, not to mention the possibility of fractures. You should have available:

    Cold Packs: These are available commercially or can be made with ice. Cold packs help reduce the swelling often seen in sprains and strains, as well as provide some relief from pain.

    Elastic Wraps: Elastic “Ace” wraps help stabilize an injured joint and decrease the chance of re-injury. Use compression in tandem with cold to decrease pain and swelling. Don’t forget to elevate the injured limb above the level of the heart. Elastic wraps can also be used to cover bandaged wounds and to secure splints in place.

    Slings: Commercial triangular bandages or improvised bandannas both are well suited to make a sling, these are useful to stabilize an arm or shoulder injury. The commercial versions usually come with safety pins.

    Splints: Commercial “SAM” splints are flexible and can be cut or shaped to immobilize a sprain or fracture. These vary in size to fit anything from a finger bone to a thigh bone. You can improvise with sticks and strips of cloth or even a folded-over pillow and duct tape.

    Anti-inflammatory medications: Ibuprofen is an over the counter medication to reduce swelling and pain in orthopedic injuries, and can be accumulated in bulk. Salicin from the green underbark of willow trees is helpful for pain and, incidentally, was the base substance for the first aspirins ever made. Natural remedies such as Arnica salves are useful to decrease bruising, swelling, and pain (use on intact skin only). Various anti-inflammatory medications also come in patches that can be applied to the back or other strained areas.

    Heat Packs: These won’t reduce swelling much, but can be used during recovery from an injury to help relax and loosen stiff tissues. They also stimulate blood flow to injured areas.

    HEMORRHAGIC WOUNDS

    [​IMG]
    EMT shears or bandage scissors can help expose a bleeding wound

    The injury that non-professionals fear most is the bleeding wound. With the right supplies, however, even heavy bleeding can be staunched successfully. In addition to a blunt-edged scissors to expose the injury, the well-prepared medic will have:

    Gauze: Bulk non-sterile gauze (some of our kits carry bricks of 200 at a time) is valuable as a medical storage item to apply pressure to bleeding areas. Even one hemorrhagic wound could require you to use all the dressings that you had accumulated over years of stockpiling, so get plenty.

    Dressings come in squares of varying sizes and shapes. Roller bandages wrap around the area, and non-stick pads of various sizes (not technically “gauze”) are good for burns and other injuries. Carry a variety to increase the versatility of use.

    Although I recommend storing tampons, it is more for its traditional use than to treat gunshot injuries, which vary in size (especially exit wounds). A tampon would not always be the right size for the cavity created by the projectile; they are best used for nose bleeds combined with compression. Maxi-Pads, however, are excellent items for your medical storage.

    Specialized Pressure Dressings: It’s difficult to keep pressure on a wound with your hands without becoming tired, so special dressings like the Emergency Bandage™ (aka the “Israeli Battle Dressing”) allow you to wrap wounds that have the tendency to bleed. These are an absorbent pad attached to an elastic bandage that comes with a “pressure applicator”. Used correctly, each turn of the wrap increases the pressure on the wound, which can help control bleeding.

    Tourniquets: In circumstances where bleeding can’t be stopped with pressure alone, a tourniquet may do the job. Tourniquets can be improvised with a bandanna and a stick or they can be high-tech commercial items such as the CAT or SOFT-T tourniquet. Some tourniquets, like the SWAT, can serve double duty as a tourniquet, back-up tourniquet, or pressure dressing.

    Blood-Clotting Powders/Dressings: Also known as “hemostatic agents”, these are effective and easy to use. Available as a powder or powder-impregnated dressings, Celox™ (the most popular brand) is made from Chitosan, a component of crustacean shells. Celox™ will even stop bleeding in patients on blood thinners. Although it is made from shrimp shells, the company states that can be used on people allergic to seafood. Hemostatic agents are useful but expensive items. Remember, however, that they might save a life.

    OPEN WOUNDS

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    Dealing with open wounds in a remote setting requires good judgment as well as supplies. Most of these wounds should be kept open, but there are various supplies to help you close a wound as well as supplies that allow you to care for an open wound until it closes on its own by a process called “granulation”. In a remote homestead or survival setting, you never know when or if help will be on its way. You’ll need to be ready to care for that wound from beginning to end.

    Antiseptics and sterile gloves: As mentioned earlier in this article.

    Sterile Gauze: Although non-sterile gauze is often used to stop hemorrhage, sterile dressings are best to use in open wounds as they heal. With commercial sterile saline or water solutions (or even boiled water), you’ll provide the type of environment that newly forming cells need to fill in a wound. Dry sterile dressings to cover the moist dressing in the open wound will help keep the area clean. Some call this technique “wet to dry”.

    Certain dressings, such as “Telfa™”, are non-stick and especially useful for burns or other injuries where removal might be painful. Some burn dressings like “Xeroform™” are dipped with petrolatum to protect healing areas where the skin was damaged or burned off. Alternatively, petroleum jelly could be added to improvise a similar item. Honey has also been used for this purpose, but make sure to get the raw, unprocessed version.

    Wound Closure: Closing a wound is risky (most wounds acquired outdoors are contaminated) but there are circumstances where it may be appropriate. Always start with the least invasive method such as Steri-Strips or even duct tape fashioned as butterfly closures. Sutures and staples can form a strong closure, but they also add more punctures to the skin that could become infected. Super glue is a safe method unless you happen to be allergic to the chemical (Cyanoacrylate). It is used in some underdeveloped countries without incident.

    Additional Supplies: Dry sterile dressings to cover the moist dressing in the open wound will help keep the area clean. Medical tapes to hold everything in place are helpful and come in cloth, self-adhesive, and paper (least allergenic). Tincture of Benzoin is an adhesive liquid that comes in ampules that will help secure the tape. Triple antibiotic ointment and oral antibiotics are likely to be needed to prevent and treat infected wounds. Consider having a thermometer to determine whether a fever is present.

    I’ll bet you can think of other useful items that you’d want to keep in that homestead medical cabinet. We haven’t discussed, for example, the medications and natural remedies you should have on hand. We’ve addressed these before on this website, though, and will update in a future article.

    HOW MUCH TO HAVE?

    I commonly see books that give you numerical amounts of medical items to have if you’re the caregiver in an austere environment or in a long-term survival scenario. My opinion is simple: You can never have too many of any medical supply. They are expended more quickly than you think. If you’re in a remote location or other austere setting, have as much as possible in your storage.

    A parting thought: You can have all the beans in the world and all the bullets in the world, but it won’t amount to a hill of beans and you’ll just shoot yourself in the foot, if you don’t have the bandages.

    Joe Alton, MD

    https://www.doomandbloom.net/medica...URSE+AMY'S+..........Doom+and+Bloom(tm)+Show)
     
  40. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    The Future of Fish Antibiotics in Survival Medicine
    DrBones NurseAmy



    Published on Nov 6, 2016
    Changes in FDA regulations, called the Veterinarian Feed Directive, have made many antibiotics Rx only for the food industry. Are fish antibiotics on the current list? Joe Alton, MD of https://www.doomandbloom.net/ ,explains what the future of fish antibiotics look like.
    https://store.doomandbloom.net/
     

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