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Lithium

Discussion in 'PM Trading/Stocks/Technical Analysis' started by Silver Buck, Feb 27, 2011.



  1. Silver Buck

    Silver Buck Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Oil, it won't last forever, as a fuel.

    Will Lithium take its place?

    I want to invest in Lithium, but I am uncertain as to the better options to get into the market.

    This is an American company that I am looking at:

    Western Lithium

    Another American company:

    American Lithium Minerals

    One of the Canadian Companies:

    Lithium One, Inc

    Another that I am looking at:

    Pan American Lithium

    Believe me, I don't know if any one of these companies will do much of anything. I'm a rookie when it comes to analyzing these types of companies, but a man has to start somewhere.

    From what I understand is that some of the best Lithium mines are located in South America, but in some of the least stable countries.

    Any input will be greatly appreciated (and I will purchase beverages of choice when we have our investments pan out).
     
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  2. dacrunch

    dacrunch Platinum Bling Platinum Bling

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    little trivia...

    as cocaine was the "pep" ingredient in Coca Cola originally...

    7UP's "picker-upper" was LITHIUM...

    :bandit:
     
  3. KGMe

    KGMe Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Personally, I'm not sold on Lithium as an energy storage source for vehicles. Too large/heavy, too expensive, takes too long to charge. If Lithium ever makes the push to kill combustion engines (it doesn't replace oil as fuel, just moves where it is burned), it will be with a drastically reduced amount of lithium. If I had some unallocated FRNs to throw around, I'd be researching how to get in the carbon nanotube game.

    http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=carbon-nanotubes-boost-power-of-lithium-battery
    http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=earth-talk-charging-ahead
     
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  4. Silver Buck

    Silver Buck Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Nanotube technology is in the future and sure does appear to go with Lithium. However, with the scare going on in the Oil world (one I feel is exaggerated), I am beginning to believe that there will be a stronger push for electric cars (or at least hybrids) today, and that (for now) means Lithium. We already have the technology in place, the mines, the manufacturing, and a market.

    I may be off base and have not done enough due diligence (hence the reason for the thread), but I do believe it is worth looking deeply into Lithium, at least for the near future (5-10 years).

    What I am curious about is how much the US Department of Defense is into Lithium.
     
  5. SAGI

    SAGI Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    I say good show!
    Well done great to have another thread going. Finally!
    Nano technology I think is the way forward but where to begin???

    SAGI
     
  6. KGMe

    KGMe Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    I agree mostly, I just don't see electric cars breaking into mainstream without resolving two major issues, weight to energy storage ratio and charge time. You're seeing it in smart phones now as well. Not enough power to get through a day for how they are being used these days. Battery technology in general can only be a good bet for the future.
     
  7. KGMe

    KGMe Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Good point. All of the current carbon nanotube suppliers I've found are privately owned. If I could find one that's public, I'd definitely buy some shares. As advancements in production decrease lead times and cost, these companies will explode.
     
  8. Silver Buck

    Silver Buck Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    The auto industry aside, Lithium Ion batteries are the batteries of choice for electronic devices. My laptop's battery (that I purchased nearly three years ago) had a four hour run time. Today's similar laptop comes with a 10 hour battery.

    Advances are being made with Lithium, and I see where nanotubes will be a great industry to get into in the future.

    But I'm looking to get into something by summer.

    One of the companies is Western Lithium. I'm a novice at stocks, but a guy has to start somewhere. Can someone take a look and give me their professional take on WLCDF?

    One of the articles of interest has this to say:

    I'm also curious as to how this Agreement for Purchase of Royalties and Mineral Property Titles From Western Uranium finalized early in Feb will affect Western Lithium's stock.
     
  9. KGMe

    KGMe Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Didn't mean to derail your thread Silver Buck. Good luck!
     
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  10. SAGI

    SAGI Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Where is the issue of derailing. Comments are absolutely necessary. How else would a thread gain a foundation. Its the only way to get it going so lets get on with it. LIthium is one aspect but we are also seeing a great deal of research in Hydrogen fuel cells. I agree that hybrids are more of the way we will go in the interim, however in the longer run even lithium is finite. Hydrogen has a longer potential, but it cannot be used in hybrid format. Let us discuss this issue to its exhaustion.

    SAGI
     
  11. Silver Buck

    Silver Buck Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    I didn't take it as being derailed. I'm flattered that folks are taking the time to analyze and respond. And like SAGI said, what's a forum for if you can't have discussions and debates?

    Precious metals are my 10-15 year investment.

    I'm looking for something near term. I work in the electronics industry and know a little bit about Lithium, but not enough about the industry to know where I want to go into it.

    That's where doing my due diligence comes in with others poking me and prodding me toward the right direction.
     
  12. KGMe

    KGMe Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Thanks guys, just wanted to make sure I didn't come across pushing CN. I've been hot on this for a couple of years, just waiting for production costs to drop and the tech to reach real world applications.

    As far as Lithium goes, the only thing I really know about it are it's shortcomings. I'm usually on the front line for new tech gadgets, and battery life has been a problem for years. Yes, you can buy items with great battery life, but you give up a ton of power. I can't do that! I watched the Tesla Roadster for years, and was very hugely disappointed by the Top Gear review.

    Whoever comes up with the next great battery tech is going to make an absolute fortune. If it includes Lithium it will have to be in smaller amounts, but maybe volume would increase overall in the number of units total.
     
  13. tomexxtra

    tomexxtra Seeker Seeker

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    We sell watch batteries and they are made of Silver or Lithium. The refiners buy back all the silver
    batteries, well worth it. I have Box [pounds] full of the Lithium batteries waiting for somebody to buy them.
    Nobody pays any money for the Lithium, I really think it's abundant & ready available.
    I never seen a price quote for lithium either.
     
  14. SAGI

    SAGI Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    I still have issues with Lithium. This may seem trivial but I bought a few of the rechargeable batteries which work fine in remote controls etc. However try using one in a flash light for example and they do not last all of a couple of seconds before they go out. This is distressing! Technology must be reliable and applicable across the board. Perhaps the batteries I bought are not a good quality. However it is the small indicators that provide a bigger picture.

    As technology becomes more powerful in terms of applications we are finding that batteries last for shorter periods. There was some research going on where a combo of Lithium and Cobalt was being researched to find longer lasting more powerful batteries. The question here is again simple. Which sector will likely move up? Will Lithium miners shoot up? Perhaps! Will Cobalt miners shoot up or vanadium or will it be some completely new technology? What about things like Tantalum there is one small company out in Egypt that has a huge deposit there. Gipps land.That looks rather tantalizing (hi hi). I think Lithium has multiple applications apart from batteries. However that is the focus for the moment. For the longer period I believe gold and silver will continue to move up. Uranium is defined as the heavy duty energy resource for the moment, However as the world becomes more inflated and the new worlds of China and India demand technology and people begin to be able to afford the new technology, It is likely that there may be growth potential for lithium batteries. Are there any other options out there?

    SAGI
     
  15. SAGI

    SAGI Gold Member Gold Chaser

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  16. Silver Buck

    Silver Buck Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Customer satisfaction (and especially dissatisfaction) is never a trivial thing. A remote control uses very little energy and is used for mere seconds per use (possibly less if simply turning on and off a device) whereas flash light with an incandescent bulb will use an extreme amount of energy. However, I would expect the flashlight to last more than a few seconds. And then there is always the proper battery for the proper job.

    Lithium today is the element of choice for battery makers. Strides are being made for better power transfer (as KGMe pointed out using carbon nanotubes). As technology improves, so will the power and life of lithium-based batteries. While Lithium may not make the internal combustion engine obsolete, it will greatly reduce the demand for the use of refined oil in transportation.

    Now for the basics.

    What is Lithium?

    The Basic Chemical Facts

    Concerning Lithium Batteries:

    MacBook Battery Care.

    I own a MacBook. When I first purchased it, I fully charged it overnight before using it. I then used it using only battery power until the battery was fully discharged. When I go to work I do not plug in the adapter right away, and have at times forgotten to plug it in and have run the battery down. I will typically run the battery down at least once a week to the point where the MacBook alerts me that I am running on reserve power (which is now typically in the 2-3 our range with constant use - down from 4 hours) and then will plug in the adapter and run that way for the rest of the work day (which gives it a steady 4-6 hour charging time). I'll then run the MacBook using the adapter continuously at home leaving it plugged in (and on) all night long.

    I've been doing this now for well over 2 -1/2 years. I've been impressed with the performance and life of the battery (and the MacBook). I have treated all of my rechargeable batteries this way, but it appears that may not always be the proper way to treat your batteries.

    How to prolong lithium-based batteries

    This was a study done by Battery University and contains not only a lot of technical information but some other useful resources and links.

    One does need to use the proper battery for the proper application and, like all devices, must be treated correctly. Basically, Li-Ion batteries liked to be used and dislikes being stored at full charge for extended periods of time as well exposure to high temperatures.


    Enough of the basics.

    Automotive Application Development:

    Toyota hybrid to get lithium ion batteries January 31, 2011 - cartech blog

    It does appear that we may be on the verge of that technical breakthrough that will make Li-Ion batteries a viable companion to the internal combustion engine (even if it doesn't replace it). With the concerns about the steady flow of oil causing a lot of trepidation in world markets the push toward Li-Ion technology will be greater. However, the article does mention that Nickel Metal Hydride batteries in use today are better suited for the current rapid discharge/charge rates used in vehicles today.

    I need not to mention the plethora of devices that use Li-Ion batteries; however, batteries are not the only thing that Lithium is used for.

    White Lithium Grease

    Lithium as a drug

    I do not know if the use of such lithium based drugs are on the rise, but if the population continues to grow and the percentage of use stays the same the demand will continue to rise.

    A List of Uses

    Summary:

    Lithium has been in use for over 100 years (an early example is in 7-Up in the late 19th century). Since then the uses and applications of Lithium have increased with recent growth being fueled by the need for lightweight portable rechargable batteries. With the upheavals in the Middle East there may be a strong push for more research and development of Li-Ion battery technology.

    Disclosure: I own a small retail sales and service business whose only use of Li-Ion batteries is 3V Li-Ion memory batteries in mobile radios (and very few at that). I do not have any investments in any Lithium based stocks. I am a novice to the investing world of stocks.

    I am simply looking at investment alternatives

    And as always, before you invest, do your own due diligence.

    Questions and rebuttals are more than welcome. If you think I'm off my rocker, don't hesitate to tell me.

    Thanks for stopping by.
     
    Last edited: Mar 2, 2011
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  17. KGMe

    KGMe Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    This just about killed me. I love Top Gear, and was eagerly awaiting the arrival of the Tesla Roadster. I'm still interested to see how the Model S turns out. Every other e-car I've seen looks like a pile of crap. Once battery tech takes off, I think Tesla will own the e-car market.

    <object height="390" width="640">


    <embed src="http://www.youtube-nocookie.com/v/gZJEib5p3aA?fs=1&hl=en_US&rel=0" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" height="390" width="640"></object>

    Not a fan of Honda, but I like what they're doing with Hydrogen fuel cells.

    <object height="390" width="480">


    <embed src="http://www.youtube-nocookie.com/v/y3V3trzcKQk?fs=1&hl=en_US&rel=0" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" height="390" width="480"></object>

    Hate to seem like I'm still bashing Lithium. I just want more than it seems able to give as a battery.
     
  18. chris_is_here

    chris_is_here Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Silverbuck

    Without getting too deeply into this, a few suggestions....and I apologize if these are obvious, but as a guy who has dabbled in the OTC "grey market" for many years, I think they bear repeating....

    Western Lithium USA is a pink sheet issue, with little publically available information on its capital structure or financial position. Right off, that means you are going into this blind - you can go to pinksheets. dot com, they have some information on shares O/S (84M) and market cap ($125), but that's about it. You could try calling Computershare, their transfer agent, to see if there is some additional information, however I doubt you will find much else. They are not requried to file with the SEC, nor report their finncial results, which are probably rather bleak anyway, else they would be trading on a higher exchange. More importantly, they are not required to file any share offerings, which means you have no way to know when dilution is coming down the pike. and, sooner or later, it will.

    The problem with investing in the OTC market is separating the wehat from the chaff. Too many of these issues are thinly capitalized, poorly-conceived compnies that rely on share sales to keep operations going. That means, you are going to lose, no matter when you come into the game. Trying to make money on stocks of this type is like trying to dance while someone is pulling the rug out from under you - just not a good bet.

    Trying to find the "next big thing" in the OTC is probably not the best angle, the best companies are private.
     
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  19. Silver Buck

    Silver Buck Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Bash away!

    It's what a forum is for.

    I'm not totally sold on it myself. But not only do I see Lithium as an opportunity to invest, I see this as an opportunity to work on analyzing stocks and companies.

    I'd rather have you guys kick me in the a$$et$ virtually than to lose my a$$et$ due to foolish blind investing.
     
  20. Silver Buck

    Silver Buck Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    They are not obvious to me. I have no experience in the market. I'm learning as I go. I have no one in life to talk with that has any experience in the market.

    I'd rather open my mouth and prove that I am acting foolishly and have you guys yell "Buck! Don't do it!" than to blindly walk over the edge into financial ruin. I've learned a lot here just by investing into Silver (and other PMs) and want to make a go of stocks. I'm not looking for the next big thing, just something else to possibly invest in.

    So please, overstate the obvious.

    And if I do lose some money, it is simply the cost of an education.
     
  21. KGMe

    KGMe Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Great attitude Silver Buck. I'm in pretty much the same boat. All my stocks are just buy and hold types. Nothing I actually pay much attention to. I decided to spend this year's Vegas money on learning this whole deal, that way when I lose I won't feel bad!
    :D
     
  22. SAGI

    SAGI Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Ok Chaps enough friendly banter!

    Lets get on with the work at hand which is Lithium. Anyone willing to put in the usual suspects so that we may begin to dissect them and see what is worth looking at?

    SAGI
     
  23. GOLDZILLA

    GOLDZILLA Harvurd Koleej Jeenyus Midas Member

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  24. SAGI

    SAGI Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    I say! Did Sagi the Sage say that ????
    Oh well I should have but don't any one mention it to Mrs Sagi. Now back to Lithium.

    SAGI
     
  25. Cosmic

    Cosmic New Member

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    Lithium is a great play if you find the right companies. In general you want somebody either in production or very close to going into production.

    Perfect example is Galaxy Resources (GALXF). Mine in Australia, processing plant just about ready to go into production in China. Stock is ready to begin a major run up in price. Look for new highs fairly soon. Galaxy production is already sold forward for the initial years. They also will probably build their own battery plant to produce Li batteries for E-Bikes in china. Electric bikes already are a huge market in China, mostly with lead acid batteries which are not that good. Great replacement market if better battery is available just for exisiting bikes alone. Right now nobody has enough lithium in quantity to address just that market in new bikes.

    This is a great solid company, Iggy Tan the CEO has demo'd he can run a great project, just about on schedule. Should be pumping out some product in 1Q 2012 and ramp up from there. Company focus is how to add value to their product. Mine has been in operation for about a year, a number of other potential project will probably be done, after the China plant is running.

    This is a longer term investment, buy and accumulate it, what I've been doing. Stock still a super cheap bargain at this price.

    http://www.galaxyresources.com.au/

    Also needed in batteries is graphite. Again find the right players. I've found several. Lithium batteries are not going away, wave of the future. Look for more automotive and transport applications. Galaxy is super well positioned for the market that is unfolding.
     
  26. southfork

    southfork Mother Lode Found Mother Lode

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    The other caveat is the cost of replacment batteries, as it stands they only last 5/7 years and the cost is around 5/7k to have them changed out, this coupled with the high cost of electric cars really negates the value of having a electric vehicle, untill they can lower the price of both they will go nowhere.
     
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  27. Goldhedge

    Goldhedge Moderator Site Mgr Site Supporter

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    In looking at their chart, it looks like lower highs and lower lows in the works.

    3k volume means there's no one to sell this to.

    DYODD proceed with caution...
     
  28. Cosmic

    Cosmic New Member

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    H,mmm after reading thru most of this thread, I can feel your pain. Some of the most horrible discussion on lithium. Zero informed guidance to actually finding money making companies.

    Galaxy just out with a great PR. We are on track to be in production by end of March 2012. Will be one of the major producers in the World. It is not just enough to mine or produce some lithium, much of it revolves around the purity grades and what contaminates are included once finished processing. Not all lithium is the same stuff.

    Galaxy will produce the highest premium purity in bulk quantity of anybody else in the World. Normal so called battery grade is ~99.5% pure, Galaxy will produce a premium (EV Grade Plus @ 99.99% pure). This can sell for like as much as 3 times the more normal stuff. They understand the idea of being vertically integrated and adding value.

    http://www.galaxyresources.com.au/documents/DocGXY201-GalaxysJiangsuComissioningOnTrack_000.pdf

    http://www.rdmag.com/News/Feeds/201...-resources-releases-two-high-grade-lithium-p/

    http://www.hatch.ca/Mining_Metals/Non_Ferrous/Projects/galaxy.htm

    One other sort of interesting possible producer is a private guy Simbol who will process the waste water out of geothermal plants and extract lithium from that waste stream. Projected maybe a production 7000 tons/year. Maybe a year away from anything like production. No real info on what purity levels they might be able to achieve. Most brine producing areas will have trouble doing any major expansions. Just a issue of having enough water, plus most of them the purity final levels are not going to be in the area that Galaxy can achieve.

    Lots of good info out there on lithium. Galaxy is not only one of the best around but they also showed they know how to fast track and bring a complex project on stream in very, very good short order fashion. Stock is super cheap at this stage, I don't expect that to remain so once they finally go into production.
     
  29. Cosmic

    Cosmic New Member

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    Some more good PR from Galaxy. Looking to sell off mica as a byproduct. They already sell off Tantalum. Be interesting to see where this goes. Mica has something like $12 ton / fob pricing.

    http://www.galaxyresources.com.au/documents/DocGXY202-GalaxyExportsTrialMicaShipment.pdf

    This is a very savvy company. They are looking to mine their own waste streams as much as possible. Looking hard at what can be salvaged and marketed at the mine site. Trying to take their own tailing stream way down. At the Jiangsu processing plant in China, their waste stream is essentially zero as China tries to put industrial companies like this into industrial parks to share utilities and the waste stream of one becomes the feedstock to another company. Galaxy is in an extremely desirable location to service the emerging hi-tech markets.

    Galaxy will be the lowest cost producer as probably the dominate player in the high end value / purity lithium side of the market. The battery market is not static and is requiring higher purity products which many of the existing suppliers probably cannot meet.

    Probably got a listing on the Hong Kong stock market coming too.
     
  30. Cosmic

    Cosmic New Member

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    It is not just lithium that will get played hard as the newer battery technology develops. It is all about materials science. Look for companies with the right stuff, cobalt, graphite and vanadium can be prime, abilities to do it in very high purity mode can be required. Lithium developments are just starting in a way and is not the only materials required.

    Graphite will go in many areas. The new Hi-Tech stuff will demand a flake form of graphite, the bigger the flake, the more expensive. It ain't even called graphite in some applications, graphene or graphane.

    China is a big leader in graphite volume but a lot of it is more the non-useful powder form for the future aps. Not all graphite ore is equal. Historical graphite has been more a ho-hum industrial product and those markets will continue for the more common form of the stuff. China might come out a net importer of the really good stuff.

    You want companies with flake capacity, good ore body, high percentage carbon, hopefully either in production or very close too it.

    Ones on my radar are NGPHF, FCSMF and one called Mega Graphite down in Aussieland. Mega Graphite should get an IPO fairly soon and trade on one of the Canadian exchanges, probably have a pink sheet mirror symbol. They can be in production quick.

    Right now I like / own NGPHF, but will buy all three if possible. NGPHF been trending up and can be into production pretty soon. FCSMF further away from production but has a sort of Hi-Tech development program in parallel with thoughts of production to potentially become more an integrated producer, not just a miner.

    The graphite game is just getting started in terms of the Hi-Tech applications. Lots of this stuff is about being able to service very high quality QA/QC type materials / minerals markets for the future. Lots of new better mousetraps are possible in terms of products.

    Name of the game is understand what is coming. Try to identify the players. The right stocks can be big winners.
     
  31. SAGI

    SAGI Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Wrote about a graphite company on one of the coffee articles on the Uranium and alternative energy thread. That was a flake one too some where in southeast asia I think.

    SAGI
     
  32. OverOver

    OverOver Silver Member Silver Miner Site Supporter

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    and Goldhedge's response in Jan 2012

    If you listened to Goldhedge on Galaxy Resources you were smart. Galaxy just about went belly up. There is
    no more Galaxy in China. But wait....the comeback story. This wasn't the thread I was looking for but will have
    to do for my say. Last year just about this time I came across Galaxy from a post somewhere around here that
    had an article linked about lithium. Galaxy was mentioned.

    I started buying Galaxy on Jan 13, 2016 at .128 cents. In Feb and Mar @ .1279 & .1777 cents. From there I bought
    from .3216 to .3325 and the share price topped out at just over .40 cents. Then started back down. I was able to sell
    what I bought below .20 cents at .3062 in May for a nice gain. And that's where we hovered around for some time. So,
    on a dip below .30 cents I loaded up. Why?

    Here are the milestones since it almost went under...down under.

    -Galaxy Resources Ltd GXY.AX and GALXF for the U.S. is now a member of the ASX200
    Quite often GXY is in the top 5 volume leaders and does hit nr. one occasionally. Friday
    it closed at nr. 2 with 23,674,796 shares traded, closed @ .66 cents AUD. I haven't seen
    a million share day yet here in the states but we've been close. Friday volume was 599,022
    and closed @ .50 USD. Thursday we hit a new 52wk hi @ .519

    -GXY is in production with their Mt. Catlin facility in Australia and the first off take has already
    been shipped. Contracts in place. GXY took over their partner on this with shares/dilution. The
    facility is all new. It's a hard rock crushing operation deal.

    -GXY has been included in the lithium ETF created by Global X

    -The project in Argentina (bought from Paul Matysek involved now Lithium-X) is moving along but
    at a snails pace. But, they have said they are discussing options. They will need a partner to bring
    this into operation. This is a brine operation and they need this brought into production.

    -The funds and institutions that now own Galaxy are...well, take a look if you want.

    http://investors.morningstar.com/ownership/shareholders-major.html?t=galxf

    I sold the shares I bought in the .30 cent range @ .412 & .44 So, what I have now is bought all
    under .30 cents. I hope to sell some if we just tip over .70 and be out between anything over $1.00 USD

    GALXF is a unsponsored/unsupported ADR. Do not let that spook you. It has to do with number of shareholders.
    Somewhere down the line GXY may put out a sponsored ADR probably at 1/10 (one
    share of ADR will equate to 10 shares GXY) Or they could do a reverse split for their stock. They have
    way too many shares. If they do issue a sponsored ADR the ticker will end in Y instead of F. Just a
    note:there are a lot of defunct Y listings floating around in which case if wanted buy with the F. Some
    companies you'll find both Y and F active.

    I'm now a Galaxian.

    https://topstocks.com.au/threads/asx-gxy-galaxy-resources-the-decade-of-lithium-just-starting
     
    Last edited: Jan 19, 2017
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  33. Goldhedge

    Goldhedge Moderator Site Mgr Site Supporter

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    Thanks for the update and the info!

    What does "GALXF is a unsponsored/unsupported ADR" mean? ADR??


    Any volume over 200K is good. Plenty of volume to sell into.


    I'd be looking to get in for $0.40/share
    Volume 23,674,796
    PE 12.3364

    GXY.png


    I'd be looking to get in for @ $0.30/share

    Volume 599,022

    GALXF.png
     
    Last edited: Jan 14, 2017
  34. Goldhedge

    Goldhedge Moderator Site Mgr Site Supporter

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    Question on GXY.

    Why can't I see GXY for trading in the US?

    I see GALXF but not GXY.
     
  35. Bigjon

    Bigjon Silver Member Silver Miner Site Supporter ++

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  36. louky

    louky Silver Member Silver Miner

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    8:22 pm, Nice timing on the lithium thread bump

    ;)
     
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  37. OverOver

    OverOver Silver Member Silver Miner Site Supporter

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    Galaxy Resources Ltd is an Australian company. It's main exchange is the ASX (Australian Stock Exchange) It's
    ticker GXY can be followed there. http://www.asx.com.au/asx/share-price-research/company/GXY You should be able to pull GXY
    up on Yahoo also. Exchange as of Friday 13th Closed on the ASX @ .66cents AUD = .4946cents USD. So,
    the bid/ask for Friday in the states was about .485/.505

    GXY is for Australia only, GALXF for the U.S only. GXY's closing price on Australia's ASX will 'set' the bid/ask GALXF. i.e. ASX opens/closes their Monday before we open our Monday. Currency swings also play apart of pricing during the day in U.S.

    Ok, here goes. This is what I know...or believe I know.

    ADR, American Depository Receipts. If a foreign company wants to be listed on the NYSE and can meet the requirements
    it will put up it's shares to back a listing there. Listing on the NYSE by a foreign company is where you'll find the huge multi-nationals
    listed if they so desire. Then there are the foreign companies that want to be listed in the states that aren't able to meet the
    requirements for the NYSE. So, they have the option to sponsor their ADR on the OTC. If it maintains a certain number of shareholders all is
    good. It gets a listing ending in Y showing sponsored ADR. If the s/h number isn't maintained then they lose the Y and get a F added
    to the ticker, denoting unsponsored ADR. In which case 'somebody' will pick up and make the market backed by (?)

    Now the weird part. Some foreign companies never even apply to become traded on the U.S. OTC to get the Y so that they can
    lose it can and get the F. I've found mining companies in Australia that don't even know they are being traded in the U.S. on the
    OTC and had one even get testy all over it. So, I explain it to them. I say: 'Look at the institutions that own stock in your company.
    Any number of them have enough clout internationally to make a market on the OTC in the states. You should be happy they
    are doing it cause it's more exposure for your company.' Once I was researching Chinese tech companies listed on HK. Two
    had their number listing for HK and also a U.S. OTC ticker ending in F with "UBS Market Maker" next to it.

    So, ending in F doesn't necessarily mean bad. Some foreign companies will have both a Y and F listing with the Y listing defunct
    and the F listing active with little to a lot of volume. Some have both F and Y active. I just bought a couple stocks I'll put up in
    the What To Invest In For 2017 that will show this.

    History that I do not know as fact
    -This I do know. When I first started buying foreign stocks on the U.S. OTC everything ended in F.PK the F stood for foreign and PK for pink sheets
    -Then Y listings started popping up. And disappearing
    -Then you couldn't pull up F.PK, dropped the .PK
    -And that's kinda where we are now. Y if you want to support the ADR and have the s/h number or F if someone with enough clout wants to make a market
    whether the company likes it or not. Canadian companies, and just not the miners, seem to like the idea of being listed on the OTC markets and even
    promote their F U.S. ticker.

    For the record. I have always gotten any dividends, stock swap buyouts with my F shares. I have always been able to buy AND sell, no matter
    how thin the market. Once, with Evolution Mining there was a special rights offer. I was not able to purchase the shares but ended up with
    a $70 credit of which $10 was later deducted for foreign tax

    Galaxy has never had a sponsored ADR and they don't need one...not yet
     
    Last edited: Jan 19, 2017
  38. normaldude

    normaldude New Member

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    Some ideas:

    Chile has the largest reserves of lithium. You could invest in Chile lithium mining company SQM (NYSE:SQM), or in the iShares Chile ETF (NYSEARCA:ECH), on the hope that the whole country's economy benefits from their massive lithium reserves. Chile is also the most "stable" latin american country (highest credit rating, highest ranking of economic freedom, lowest murder rate, lowest corruption rate)

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]


    www.youtube.com/watch?v=50rXYrFCQMw

    Panasonic (TYO:6752) is the world's largest maker of lithium batteries. In fact, Panasonic is Tesla's partner for electric car batteries. If electric cars become popular, Panasonic would likely benefit.

    [​IMG]


    www.youtube.com/watch?v=gNJ1HoGWzaE
     
    Last edited: Jan 16, 2017
  39. OverOver

    OverOver Silver Member Silver Miner Site Supporter

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    I was wrong about something in this post and I have since corrected it. Unsponsored or Sponsored has to do with the
    number of U.S. listed shareholders and not the share volume. From what I can find out the cutoff is 300 shareholders.
     
  40. Goldhedge

    Goldhedge Moderator Site Mgr Site Supporter

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    I just checked GALXF volume and the last few days it's about 100K.

    Looks to be dropping a bit. Perhaps the 'interest' is waning and the big players have all got on board.

    Next wave is a correction (guessing here?) there's a gap to fill.
     

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