Antarctica: Ready for winter. Antarctic winter is coming: research crews prepare Russia’s stations RT Documentary
Published on Sep 20, 2013
Antarctica is key to understanding our world because it is so deeply interconnected with the Earth’s climate and oceans. Geological sampling on this frozen continent provides insight into climate changes over the past million years, allowing scientists to study global warming in a historical context.
Russia has been at the forefront of Antarctic exploration for almost two centuries. Since the First Russian Antarctic Expedition in 1820, led by F. F. Bellingshausen and M.P. Lazarev, its scientists have made significant contributions to the investigation and especially the mapping of Antarctica. From that time on, extensive research has been carried out, first by several Soviet and then Russian institutions, and the country now maintains five permanent southern polar stations.
The trouble is that, despite advances in modern transport, the only reliable means of reaching the world’s southernmost continent is by sea. The diesel-electric scientific research vessel, “Academic Fyodorov” was almost made for the job and this time, Russia’s polar research fleet flagship is on a mission to visit two year-round Antarctic stations, “Progress” and “Novolazarevskaya”.
“Fyodorov”, the only scientific ship able to reach Antarctica without an ice-breaker convoy, has been through thick and thin over the years and so has its crew! The most established member is 86-year-old, Arnold Budretsky, a polar exploration pioneer. There was nothing but ice and stone before he and his fellow explorers first landed on that frozen desert. Arnold himself has taken charge of opening 10 Antarctic stations, and has an impressive reserve of knowledge and experience to pass on to the next generation of explorers.
Antarctica is notorious for its unpredictable weather and harsh climate and at sea, the explorers have only themselves to rely on, there are no other vessels for hundreds of miles and nothing but icebergs for company. Just getting to Antarctica takes 6 months, a challenge on its own.
There is much for newcomers to learn before settling in as a real part of this small crew: managing food storage for example, and a curious way to keep eggs fresh! People from all walks of life are eager to embark on this voyage to experience the difficulties that research station life entails, which include 24-hour shifts.
The hardship makes Antarctica the ultimate survival test. For many though, the severe but beautiful environment becomes almost addictive, so much so that for many, it feels like home.
The diesel-electric ice ship Akademik Fyodorov travels to Antarctica, where two of Russia's research stations will receive enough supplies to last them until next summer as winter quickly approaches.
I used to dream about living in the Arctic Circle or Antarctic as a child, read all I could including adventure stories about Alaska etc. Living outside in the Army and trying to survive taught me a valuable lesson. I once may of dreamed of living in Alaska, now the jungle looks good to me. I'd rather be melting than be a Popsicle.
Published on Jul 8, 2015
Took a while to get this video up but it is finally here! This is an inside look to where I stayed for three months while I was working in Antarctica at McMurdo Station. Look at what our living quarters were like for Dorm 201 as well as a quick peek at the office where I worked. Like, Comment, and Subscribe!
After living and working at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station during the summer 2012-2013 season, I've had the chance to see most parts of the station. Here's a brief narrated tour of both the elevated station as well as the buried service structures. Shot on the Sony RX100.
There's a lot to talk about on any tour of the South Pole Station, but I tried to keep this video brief enough to be consumable in a reasonable amount of time. It's shot in 1080P, so feel free to freeze-frame to check out details. Reach out to my on my blog at http://JeffreyDonenfeld.com/Contact if you have any specific questions, or want to say hi.
Flying with the United States Antarctic Program and Operation Deep Freeze from Christchurch, New Zealand to the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica. Shot by Jeffrey Donenfeld November 2012 and February 2013
"SUPPORT OPERATIONS, SCIENTIFIC SURVEYS; ACTIVITIES OF THE TRAVERSE AND WINTERING-OVER PARTIES."
US Navy film MN-8942
Reupload of a previously uploaded film, in one piece instead of multiple parts, and with improved video & sound.
Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14.0 million km2 (5.4 million sq mi), it is the fifth-largest continent in area after Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages at least 1 mile (1.6 km) in thickness.
Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. Antarctica is considered a desert, with annual precipitation of only 200 mm (8 inches) along the coast and far less inland. The temperature in Antarctica has reached −89 °C (−129 °F). There are no permanent human residents, but anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 people reside throughout the year at the research stations scattered across the continent. Only cold-adapted organisms survive there, including many types of algae, animals (for example mites, nematodes, penguins, seals and tardigrades), bacteria, fungi, plants, and protista. Vegetation where it occurs is tundra.
...the first confirmed sighting of the continent is commonly accepted to have occurred in 1820 by the Russian expedition of Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev on Vostok and Mirny. The continent, however, remained largely neglected for the rest of the 19th century because of its hostile environment, lack of resources, and isolation...
During the Nimrod Expedition led by Ernest Shackleton in 1907, parties led by Edgeworth David became the first to climb Mount Erebus and to reach the South Magnetic Pole... An expedition led by Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen from the ship Fram became the first to reach the geographic South Pole on 14 December 1911, using a route from the Bay of Whales and up the Axel Heiberg Glacier. One month later, the doomed Scott Expedition reached the pole...
Antarctica has no permanent residents, but a number of governments maintain permanent manned research stations throughout the continent. The number of people conducting and supporting scientific research and other work on the continent and its nearby islands varies from about 1,000 in winter to about 5,000 in the summer...
Few terrestrial vertebrates live in Antarctica. Invertebrate life includes microscopic mites like the Alaskozetes antarcticus, lice, nematodes, tardigrades, rotifers, krill and springtails. The flightless midge Belgica antarctica, up to 6 millimetres (0.2 in) in size, is the largest purely terrestrial animal in Antarctica. The Snow Petrel is one of only three birds that breed exclusively in Antarctica.
A variety of marine animals exist and rely, directly or indirectly, on the phytoplankton. Antarctic sea life includes penguins, blue whales, orcas, colossal squids and fur seals. The Emperor penguin is the only penguin that breeds during the winter in Antarctica, while the Adélie Penguin breeds farther south than any other penguin. The Rockhopper penguin has distinctive feathers around the eyes, giving the appearance of elaborate eyelashes. King penguins, Chinstrap penguins, and Gentoo Penguins also breed in the Antarctic.
The Antarctic fur seal was very heavily hunted in the 18th and 19th centuries for its pelt by sealers from the United States and the United Kingdom. The Weddell Seal, a "true seal", is named after Sir James Weddell, commander of British sealing expeditions in the Weddell Sea. Antarctic krill, which congregates in large schools, is the keystone species of the ecosystem of the Southern Ocean, and is an important food organism for whales, seals, leopard seals, fur seals, squid, icefish, penguins, albatrosses and many other birds.
A census of sea life... has disclosed some remarkable findings. More than 235 marine organisms live in both polar regions, having bridged the gap of 12,000 km (7,456 mi). Large animals such as some cetaceans and birds make the round trip annually...
U.S. NAVY SEABEES IN THE ANTARCTIC BASE CONSTRUCTION 1957-58 50024 PeriscopeFilm
Published on Jan 7, 2017
The United States Navy brings the viewer “Seabees In The Antarctic: Base Construction,” a circa 1959 color film detailing the construction of scientific research stations by Task Force 43 as part of Operation Deep Freeze. The station was part of the US Navy's contribution to the IGY (International Geophysical Year) in 1957. We learn, starting at mark 00:43, how the Navy’s Construction Battalion Center in Rhode Island established a special mobile construction battalion to construct and maintain such scientific outposts. Crews underwent specialized conditioning, shown at mark 01:30, to prepare them for the brutal temperatures in Antarctica and to enable them to construct a naval base at Little America on the coast of the Ross Sea as well as a naval air facility at McMurdo Sound. By mark 04:00 the film shows tons of supplies coming ashore as tractors smoothed the snow ahead of the job. As the film continues, sailors are shown laying foundations and erecting structures in the frigid air. By mark 10:50, the film shows crews preparing the area for what would become heavy air operations at McMurdo Sound including construction of heavy duty 250,000 gallon storage tanks to be used for fuel, which was pumped from a tanker anchored off shore. By mark 12:30, the Seabees roll was completed as both sites became operational. The construction crews would remain in the area, we are told, to construct other facilities including Ellsworth Station, Pole Station, Wilkes Station, Byrd Station, and Cape Hallett, all of which would be used to support various scientific operations of the IGY project. The USS Wyandot (AKA-92), an attack cargo ship, is shown unloading supplies at Ellsworth Station on the Weddell Sea at mark 13:33 during the operation, with scenes from other stations filling the remainder of the film.
A Seabee is a member of the United States Naval Construction Forces (NCF). The word "Seabee" is actually a heterograph of the first initials of the words "Construction Battalion" i.e. CB = Seabee. The Seabees legacy comes from the constructing of hundreds of miles of airstrips and roadways, the dredging of harbors and building of piers, while building anything and everything it took to accomplish the mission in whatever theater they were assigned going back to 1942.
In 1955, Seabees began deploying yearly to the continent of Antarctica. As participants in Operation Deep Freeze, their mission was to build and expand scientific bases located on the frozen continent. The first "wintering over" party included 200 Seabees who distinguished themselves by constructing a 6,000-foot (1,800 m) ice runway on McMurdo Sound. Despite a blizzard that once destroyed the entire project, the airstrip was completed in time for the advance party of Deep Freeze II to become the first to arrive at the South Pole by plane.
Over the following years and under adverse conditions, Seabees added to their list of accomplishments such things as snow-compacted roads, underground storage, laboratories, and living areas. One of the most notable achievements took place in 1962, when the Navy's builders constructed Antarctica's first nuclear power plant, at McMurdo Station. Another, in 1975, was the construction of the Buckminster Fuller Geodesic dome at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station with a diameter of 164' x 52' high.
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Published on Oct 29, 2016
Just a day in my life at McMurdo Station in Antarctica. Summer is in full swing and this place is a beehive of activity. In this video I take you along on an average day... lots of walking around in the wind, a few grumpy people that didn't want to be on camera and prevented me from recording about half my day, and a little bit of me doing my thing at work.
This Extra from BLAST!, http://bit.ly/9NpcAn looks closer at the exotic McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
BLAST! is a spectacular story of space exploration! Paul Devlin http://bit.ly/9aehwv follows his brother, astrophysicist Mark Devlin to Antarctica, to launch a revolutionary telescope on a NASA balloon, revealing a hidden Universe with clues to the Evolution of Everything. Distributed by Tubemogul.
Published on Jun 21, 2016
My first 11 days at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. This video does not represent the National Science Foundation. This is just my own representation of everyday life working in the Antarctic winter.
It's not the most exciting video, since it's winter in Antarctica. Pretty much just dark, cold, and windy, with a lot of empty buildings.
McMurdo Station, Antarctica Part 2 - Still Cold and Dark Mid-Winter Fall off the Map
Published on Jul 1, 2016
McMurdo Station, Antarctica part 2. Mid-winter party, an early 4th of July, and lots more working outside in the ridiculously cold Antarctic winter. This video does not represent the National Science Foundation (NSF) or the U.S. Antarctic mission. Actual events may have been much more boring than I've made them appear. No penguins were hurt in the making of this video, however, if we see a penguin we might hurt it, or not. Who can say. This is the 40th video from the Fall off the Map channel. To celebrate, we're giving away free subscriptions to the Fall off the Map channel. Subscribe to the channel now and you'll automatically be subscribed!
Published on Jun 26, 2015
A short educational film about what we eat in Antarctica, how we prepare our meals and how we stay healthy through winter. Ideal for primary school audiences or anyone interested! Based at Davis Station, East Antarctica.
In-depth tour of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Field Camp, Antarctica Jeffrey Donenfeld
Published on Feb 24, 2015
My personal tour of most of the facilities at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Field Camp, Antarctica. Shot during January 2015 while I was working on the DISC Drill with the University of Wisconsin Ice Drill Design and Operations team. For more on my adventures in Antarctica, check out http://JeffreyDonenfeld.com/Antarctica
Published on Nov 12, 2012
Video by 2012 PolarTREC teacher Brian DuBay.
Expedition: Tectonic History of the Transantarctic Mountains.
Description: A tour of the dorms and Crary Lab at McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
Published on Nov 29, 2016
I took a LC-130 ski plane from McMurdo to WAIS Divide, a remote field camp in Antarctica. It was a tough 15 days in the deep field, but I made it back with all my fingers and toes. I got to see the Arch, a structure that used to be used to take ice core samples up to 2 km deep in the ice, but is now under 40 feet of snow. The winds at WAIS Divide blow snow over everything. If you don't constantly dig out, anything sticking up above the flat surface will soon disappear.
I was asked to include a few more details in the description, so here we go.
The major project at WAIS Divide was deep ice core drilling. This year they did something called logging, which I believe involved sending a camera down the hole they previously pulled ice core samples out of. WAIS Divide also serves as the jumping off point for even more remote locations. There is an overland traverse to Bird Camp. There are others I don't have details on as well. Deep core drilling is done here because of the exceptional thickness of the ice. In places like McMurdo there is no way to take ice samples as deep and as old as WAIS Divide.
When I was at WAIS the population got up to 22 people. Later in the year it was higher. I'm guessing in the 30s or so, but I don't know for sure. It has been the largest of the field camps, but it's being scaled down and soon Shackleton will be larger. My Shackleton video can be viewed here: Thanks, great idea. I get on that. You might enjoy the Shackleton Field Camp video as well. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qzXzT...