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Rolls-Royce’s cargo ship of the future requires no onboard crew

Discussion in 'Topical Discussions (In Depth)' started by BarnacleBob, Jun 27, 2016.



  1. BarnacleBob

    BarnacleBob GIM Founding Member & Mod. Founding Member Site Mgr Site Supporter

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  2. Buck

    Buck Fabian Society Gold Chaser

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    So, are "we" better with this use of technology or are "they" more wealthier?

    Lately, I've been shunning technology
    Not all, of course, but I'm no longer on-board the "technology makes our lives better" wagon
     
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  3. Goldhedge

    Goldhedge Modal Operator/Moderator Site Mgr Site Supporter

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    I wonder how it handles pirates?

    Satellite driven 50 cals forward and aft??
     
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  4. Uglytruth

    Uglytruth Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    No more rescue at sea..... ship just drives right past. Lights are out & no one home!
     
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  5. Professur

    Professur Midas Member Midas Member Site Supporter ++

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    What pirates? There's no crew to take hostage, and no controls on board to use. Only pirates you need worry about are hackers. Sure would make stealing the entire ship easy.
     
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  6. Uglytruth

    Uglytruth Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    Get on board, place bomb, get off, detonate at dock. Kills dock workers, sinks ship in harbor, huge mess to clean up that will render harbor useless blocking traffic.
    Similar to war where you take out bridges and rail lines.
     
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  7. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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  8. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Rolls Royce imagines a future of unmanned Ships HQ
    GTX10MX



    Published on Nov 28, 2014
    Thanks for watching please subscribe for more!
     
  9. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Ship Intelligence for cargo vessels
    Rolls-Royce



    Published on Dec 11, 2014
    Rolls-Royce created this concept under FIMECC (Finnish Metals and Engineering Competence Cluster) user experience and usability program, UXUS. This future bridge operation experience concept (oX) for remote operated cargo vessels is envisioned together with VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland in 2012-2014.

    Rolls-Royce. Trusted to deliver excellence.

    http://www.rolls-royce.com/marine/
     
  10. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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  11. mayhem

    mayhem Другая перспектива Silver Miner Site Supporter

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    That's called "Luddite lite".
     
  12. oldgaranddad

    oldgaranddad Gold Member Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    This! Look what Iran did with a US drone. Can you imagine what a state actor like Iran or North Korea can do? They'll wait for the hijacked ships to enter their waters and seize control. Don't forget in order to have autonomous ships you need to change a lot of Law of the Seas too.
     
  13. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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  14. Scorpio

    Scorpio Скорпион Founding Member Board Elder Site Mgr Site Supporter ++

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    very interesting considering how we are operating under admiralty law to this day???
     
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  15. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Rolls-Royce Launches Strategic Partnership to Develop Smart, Autonomous Ships

    November 14, 2016 by gCaptain

    [​IMG]
    Image credit: Rolls-Royce

    Rolls-Royce on Monday announced a strategic partnership with Finland’s VTT Technical Research Centre to design, test, and validate the first generation of remotely controlled and automated ships.

    Rolls-Royce, which has positioned itself as a leader in the development of remote controlled and autonomous ships, believes a remote controlled ship, or so-called drone ship, will be in commercial use by the end of the decade.

    VTT has experience in ship simulation and expertise in the development and management of safety-critical and complex systems in demanding environments. They combine physical tests such as model and tank testing, with digital technologies, such as data analytics and computer visualization. They will also use field research to incorporate human factors into safe ship design. As a result of working with the Finnish telecommunications sector, VTT also has extensive experience of working with 5G mobile phone technology and wi-fi mesh networks.

    Rolls-Royce says working with VTT will allow it to assess the performance of remote and autonomous designs through the use of both traditional model tank tests and digital simulation, allowing the company to develop functional, safe and reliable prototypes.

    “Remotely operated ships are a key development project for Rolls-Royce Marine, and VTT is a reliable and innovative partner for the development of a smart ship concept,” said Karno Tenovuo, Rolls-Royce, Vice President Ship Intelligence. “This collaboration is a natural continuation of the earlier User Experience for Complex systems (UXUS) project, where we developed totally new bridge and remote control systems for shipping.”

    In recent years Rolls-Royce’s has been at the forefront of the marine industries push towards autonomous shipping. It is currently leading the Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Applications Initiative (AAWA), which is funded by the Finnish government and brings together universities, ship designers, equipment manufacturers, and classification societies to explore the economic, social, legal, regulatory and technological factors which need to be addressed to make autonomous ships a reality.

    Rolls-Royce is also a member of the Norwegian Forum for Autonomous Ships (NFAS) which has the backing of the Norwegian Maritime Administration, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, the Federation of Norwegian Industries and MARINTEK. NFAS’ objectives are to strengthen the cooperation between users, researchers, authorities and others that are interested in autonomous ships and their use; contribute to the development of common Norwegian strategies for development and use of autonomous ships and co-operate with other international and national bodies interested in autonomous shipping. In addition, Rolls-Royce is a founder member of the Finnish ecosystem for autonomous marine transport (DIMECC).

    Erja Turunen, Executive Vice President at VTT, said: “Rolls-Royce is a pioneer in remotely controlled and autonomous shipping. Our collaboration strengthens the way we can integrate and leverage VTT’s expertise in simulation and safety validation, including the industrial Internet of Things, to develop new products and in the future, enable us to develop new solutions for new areas of application as well.”

    http://gcaptain.com/rolls-royce-launches-strategic-partnership-to-develop-smart-autonomous-ships/
     
  16. Buck

    Buck Fabian Society Gold Chaser

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    What kind of damage could one of these ships do if steered into a shore based LNG facility? A water based petroleum platform? or whatever else was available to ram it into?

    Hacking would be difficult, I'm sure, but it's possible because employees do go rogue and information does leak out


    International Maritime Law, Admiralty Law
    IIRC: The first truly international governing body
     
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  17. Buck

    Buck Fabian Society Gold Chaser

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    Yeah but only if necessary because at the end of it all you would want to use these and not have to clean up that mess yourself.

    It slows down the profit stream:2 thumbs up:
     
  18. Eyebone

    Eyebone Midas Member Midas Member

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    This should give some serious chills to small boat cruisers.
     
  19. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Cyber Crime Poses Threat to Autonomous Shipping

    December 14, 2016 by The Loadstar


    By Alex Lennane

    (The Loadstar) – Cyber crime is likely to delay the introduction of autonomous ships for several years – and it could pose a significant threat to the shipping industry if it fails to act soon.

    There has been much progress on autonomous ships this year, notably from Rolls-Royce, and in October Norway opened the world’s first designated test area. But there is still a long way to go, believes SeaIntelligence CEO Lars Jensen.

    “Autonomous ships are a long way in the future,” he told delegates at TOC Middle East in Dubai last week.

    “They have to be built to better specifications than current ships. Who will repair them?

    “They need to be more resilient. And what is the cost? What will we save from it? That has to be worked out.”

    One of the biggest problems facing the industry – and autonomous ships – is that it is not yet fully equipped to handle cyber crime, he added.

    “The industry is in very poor shape when it comes to cyber security. It needs awareness among senior management – this is not an IT issue.

    “Firewalls and anti-virus software will not keep out dedicated attacks. If you think you haven’t been hacked – you are wrong.”

    Mr Jensen also warned ports and terminals that they were likely to be in the vanguard of cyber attacks.

    Noting several attacks in the past few weeks alone, that took out major sites such as Netflix and Twitter, as well as a telecoms company in Libya and another on domestic routers in Germany, he emphasised the vulnerability of ports, particularly via the Internet of Things.

    “When you start to think of hardware in ports and terminals, everything has to be secure. We can put a lot of things online – but should we? There are thousands of gadgets in a terminal, and if they are online, they will be attacked.”

    Mr Jensen set out the groups which would be most likely to attack – although he pointed out that staff could be a company’s biggest concern.

    “Staff are the worst – but often through negligence or incompetence. The most successful attacks compromise a person. It could be a disgruntled employee, or a trick which makes them reveal details.”

    But this could be mitigated by training, he said.

    While criminals are “plentiful and very good at cyber crime”, Mr Jensen thought the biggest risks to the shipping industry were states, or state-sponsored groups – not necessarily terrorists.

    “Ships and ports are clearly state infrastructure.”

    He said shutting down a major port in a hostile state would certainly be in the interests of some governments.

    The good news, however, is that cyber crime can be combatted without huge investment, he believes.

    Companies should be looking to prevent crime at the design stage of technology – and simply encryption, understanding the risk and training would be critical.

    “Companies need to work cyber defence into their business processes,” he advised.

    “Don’t automate any deals worth more than $1m, for example. Improve staff awareness and technical know-how. It’s not expensive – companies already have most of the tools they need. It’s about training and configuring networks slightly differently.”

    The Loadstar is fast becoming known at the highest levels of logistics and supply chain management as one of the best sources of influential analysis and commentary.

    Check them out at TheLoadstar.co.uk, or find them on Facebook and Twitter.

    http://gcaptain.com/cyber-crime-poses-threat-to-autonomous-shipping/
     
  20. oldgaranddad

    oldgaranddad Gold Member Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    Didn't I mention this all in post #12?
     
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  21. mtnman

    mtnman Gold Member Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    Why? Ships don't/can't dodge small craft. "commercial vessels restricted by their draft or by fishing gear, such as nets or trawls, hold privilege over all recreational vessels, including sailboats."
     
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  22. ErrosionOfAccord

    ErrosionOfAccord #1 Global Warmer Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    Having been around large electrical equipment most of my adult life, I know things fail. It doesn't matter how good the maintenance department is. So what happens when you reboot the system, and the system still shows a hard fault? Helicopter a team of electricians? What if it faults during a storm or is out of helicopter range? I'm sure these things have been thought through, It just seems to me that an electrician is indispensable on such a craft.
     
  23. oldgaranddad

    oldgaranddad Gold Member Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    One other fact that many people are overlooking is risk. Shippers will take more risks with their ships and cargo when crews are not on board. Hey! Why not? It's all insured. Sure! Let's sail through that typhoon. We have schedules to make. If we lose the ship or part of the cargo -- who cares? It's all insured.

    This is where I think the insurance industry will put its foot down. They won't write policies for ships or cargo without assurance that risk will be minimized but how do you verify that the code says to do one thing and no one over rides it? The same can be said for human crews but there are penalties to the crew if things go wrong. What are you going to do to a machine? Turn it off as punishment?
     
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  24. mtnman

    mtnman Gold Member Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    "The system goes online August 4th, 1997. Human decisions are removed from strategic defense. Skynet begins to learn at a geometric rate. It becomes self-aware at 2:14 a.m. Eastern time, August 29th. In a panic, they try to pull the plug."

    Pulling the plug doesn't work...
     
  25. Brio

    Brio Midas Member Midas Member

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    Clearly, humanity is redundant and we did it to ourselves. Chalk one up for George Carlin.
     
  26. oldgaranddad

    oldgaranddad Gold Member Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    Here is another wrinkle in autonomous ships, state actors seizing ships. In this case it is a drone but do you think certain state actors will not hesitate to commandeer ships, forcible inspect autonomous ships or even bait their software into performing territorial incursions for political purposes?

    China seizes U.S. underwater drone in South China Sea
    http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-china-drone-idUSKBN14526J
     
  27. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Rolls-Royce to Open Remote Controlled and Autonomous Shipping Center in Finland

    March 8, 2017 by gCaptain


    [​IMG]
    A conceptual design illustration showing a 1,000 TEU container feeder. Image credit: Rolls-Royce
    Rolls-Royce has announced plans to open a global research and development center for the advancement of remote controlled and autonomous shipping technology in Turku, Finland.

    The center is expected to be opened this year.

    Rolls-Royce is at the forefront of the development of remote controlled and autonomous ships, with a stated goal of seeing a remote controlled ship in commercial use by the end of the decade.

    On Wedensday, the company confirmed it had signed a significant research grant by Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation, which will enable Rolls-Royce to invest more in the research and development center in Turku.

    “Finland is the home of top ICT expertise and a strong maritime cluster. That is why Rolls-Royce has decided to establish the centre in Turku”, says SVP Sauli Eloranta of Rolls-Royce.

    Remotely controlled and autonomous ships will likely represent a fundamental change in shipping over the next decade and are driving the digital transformation in the sector.


    Mikael Mäkinen, Rolls-Royce, President – Marine said: “Digitalization will transform the shipping industry in the years ahead, and the time is now right to set out how we are going to make this happen. Over the coming years we need to invest globally to develop the required capabilities and to establish a range of market-ready products and systems to take advantage of what is a significant global market opportunity.”

    Rolls Royce’s Centre of Excellence for autonomous shipping collaborates with the Autonomous Shipping Alliance, of which Rolls-Royce is a member. The company is now looking expand on its partnerships in order to create the capability, competencies and jobs to supply the technology and components needed for remote controlled or autonomous ships to become a reality.

    Rolls-Royce said it also plans to carry out further development projects there focused on the future development of land-based control centers, and the use of artificial intelligence in future remote and autonomous shipping operations.

    Rolls-Royce’s strategic partners in the Marine R&D Centre for Remote Control & Autonomous Ships and Artificial Intelligence in Turku will be the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) and Tampere University of Technology (TUT), together with numerous SMEs and startups specializing in novel technologies.

    http://gcaptain.com/rolls-royce-to-open-remote-controlled-and-autonomous-shipping-center-in-finland/
     
  28. Zed

    Zed Size doesn't count! Midas Member

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    CIA gunna hack that chit and send it to Walmart or ram it into sum one!

    LOL

    Nice idea, will really stuff pirates up.
     
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  29. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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  30. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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  31. oldgaranddad

    oldgaranddad Gold Member Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    In all the articles I have read about autonomous shipping there seems to be one glaring gap that many proponents like to gloss over. How does an autonomous ship render assistance to those in distress at sea other than parking their fat autonomous A$$ next to a sinking ship or reporting the incident to the authorities? A lot of maritime law is hinged on providing mutual assistance and penalties for not doing so.
     
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  32. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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  33. Zed

    Zed Size doesn't count! Midas Member

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    I wonder if they are going to have robot defence and guard systems?
     
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  34. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    The roboship without a single human on board: First autonomous container vessel to launch in 2018
    • Container ship will operate on the water as a manned vessel in 2020 and be fully autonomous by 2020
    • Will reduce diesel-powered truck haulage by 40,000 journeys a year and remove 747 tons of CO2 from the air
    • Set to take over route that transported Yara's Porsgrunn plant to ports in Brevik and Larvik


    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4497576/First-autonomous-container-ship-launch-2018.html#ixzz4gtEBtHUE
    Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook
     
  35. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Ships Without Sailors? It Can’t Happen Soon Enough -Opinion

    May 16, 2017 by Bloomberg



    By Adam Minter (Bloomberg View) — It sounds like a ghost story: A huge cargo vessel sails up and down the Norwegian coast, silently going about its business, without a captain or crew in sight. But if all goes as planned, it’s actually the future of shipping.

    Last week, Kongsberg Gruppen ASA, a Norwegian maritime-technology firm, and Yara ASA, a fertilizer manufacturer, announced a partnership to build the world’s first fully autonomous cargo containership. Manned voyages will start in 2018, and in 2020 the Yara Birkeland will set sail all on its own. It’s the beginning of a revolution that should transform one of the world’s oldest and most conservative industries — and make global shipping safer, faster and cleaner than it’s ever been.

    The commercial rationale for autonomous ships has long been clear. The U.S. Coast Guard has estimated that human error accounts for up to 96 percent of all marine casualties. A recent surge in piracy is a grim reminder that crews remain vulnerable (and valuable) targets for international criminals. Perhaps unsurprisingly, the industry is facing a chronic shortage of skilled workers who want a career at sea.

    By one consultant’s estimate, moreover, carrying sailors accounts for 44 percent of a ship’s costs. That’s not just salaries: crew quarters, air-conditioning units, a bridge (which typically requires heavy ballast to ensure a ship’s balance) and other amenities take up valuable weight and space that might otherwise be used for cargo. And that dead weight contributes to a bigger problem: Maritime shipping accounts for about 2.5 percent of global greenhouse-gas emissions. Barring a radical change, those emissions are set to surge in the decades ahead.

    All this explains why eliminating a crew and its costs has been a long-time goal for companies and governments around the world. The most advanced effort so far has come from Rolls-Royce Holdings Plc, which rolled out a virtual-reality prototype of an autonomous ship in 2014. According to the company, the ship will be 5 percent lighter, and burn up to 15 percent less fuel, than a comparable vessel with humans aboard.

    [​IMG]
    Image credit: Rolls-Royce
    That effort has been the subject of considerable skepticism — especially from seafarer unions who doubt that technology can replace experienced sailors, and note that the International Maritime Organization, the United Nations agency that oversees shipping, prohibits crewless operations. But what seemed impossible three years ago is quickly becoming reality. Most of the sensor technology for autonomous ships is now commercially available, and crucial collision-avoidance tools have been around in various forms since the early 1990s.

    The Yara Birkeland is a modest but important step forward. Although it can be operated remotely by a pilot, it will also be able to cruise on its own, using an array of sensors, cameras and navigation tools, all guided by sophisticated algorithms. Back on shore, an operations center will monitor its progress.

    When it launches next year, with a fully electric power plant, the ship will transport fertilizer from Yara’s factory to ports about 16 miles away, thereby replacing 40,000 shipments a year that had once been carried by polluting diesel trucks. That short route will give the ship’s owners — along with regulators and other autonomous shipping aspirants — a first chance to see such a vessel in operation.

    Such trips may soon become routine. Norway has designated the waters off of Trondheim as a test site for autonomous ships of all kinds, from container vessels to tugs. Earlier this year, Rolls-Royce announced that it expects autonomous container ships in international waters within 10 to 15 years. Other groups are working to do it sooner: One U.K. organization plans to have a solar-powered autonomous research vessel cross the Atlantic in 2019. Lloyd’s Register, the 250-year-old ship-classification group, has already issued guidance for crewless operations.

    All this could potentially have enormous benefits for the shipping industry — and the world. Vast amounts of real-time data from the ships will allow fleet owners to optimize their routes (and profits) based on factors such as maintenance schedules, weather patterns, fuel prices and cargoes. Eventually, fleet owners might find themselves competing with the likes of Amazon.com Inc. and Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. — major shippers with the big data operations and deep pockets necessary to integrate autonomous ships into their logistics operations.

    For those companies, “all hands on deck” already means fingers on a keyboard or a joystick. Within a decade or two, the maritime shipping industry may well be thinking the same way.

    This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners (or gCaptain).

    Adam Minter is a Bloomberg View columnist. He is the author of “Junkyard Planet: Travels in the Billion-Dollar Trash Trade.”

    © 2017 Bloomberg L.P

    http://gcaptain.com/ships-without-sailors-it-cant-happen-soon-enough-opinion/
     
  36. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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  37. searcher

    searcher Mother Lode Found Site Supporter ++ Mother Lode

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    Autonomous Cargo Ships Extend Miner’s Technology Drive to Seas

    June 7, 2017 by Bloomberg

    [​IMG]
    Illustration of a conceptual autonomous ship developed by Rolls-Royce. Credit: Rolls-Royce

    By David Stringer (Bloomberg) — BHP Billiton Ltd., the world’s biggest mining company, is studying the introduction of giant, automated cargo ships to carry everything from iron ore to coal as part of a strategic shift that may disrupt the $334 billion global shipping industry.

    “Safe and efficient autonomous vessels carrying BHP cargo, powered by BHP gas, is our vision for the future of dry bulk shipping,” Vice President, Freight Rashpal Bhatti, wrote in a posting on its website. The company, also one of the world’s largest dry bulk charterers, is seeking partners to work on technological changes in the sector, he said.

    BHP, which charters about 1,500 voyages a year for around a quarter of a billion metric tons of iron ore, copper and coal, wants to deploy the technology within a decade, according to Bhatti. For the biggest miners, a move to crewless ships could deliver new savings in the $86 billion a year seaborne iron ore market, mirroring the shift to autonomous trucks to trains that allow fewer staff to remotely operate or monitor multiple vehicles.

    Deploying unmanned ships on the 10-day sea journey from Australia’s northern coast to China would be a logical extension of technology that currently runs from mines to ports and allows producers to respond quickly to specific customer demands, Emilie Ditton, Sydney-based research director at IDC Energy Insights, said by phone.

    “There has been in the last six months a really big change in the desire of mining companies to seek out opportunities for innovation,” Ditton said. “There’s a much bigger recognition that there are opportunities to innovate across the board.”

    Work is underway at the International Maritime Organization, the United Nations agency in London that oversees global shipping, to consider regulation of autonomous surface ships, James Fanshawe, a former senior Royal Navy officer and chairman of the U.K.’s Maritime Autonomous Systems Regulatory Working Group, said by phone. A meeting beginning Wednesday of IMO’s maritime safety committee will consider proposals for a regulatory study on the “safe, secure and environmentally sound operation” of autonomous vessels, according to the organization’s website.

    Market Reform
    BHP takes the view that the dry bulk freight market is on the verge of pricing and liquidity reforms similar to those seen in bulk commodities markets over the last decade, Bhatti said in the May 30 posting. The company cut freight and transportation costs by 16 percent to $2.3 billion in fiscal 2016, according to filings.

    The Baltic Dry Index, a measure of commodity shipping costs, fell 0.4 percent Tuesday to 818 points, according to the Baltic Exchange in London. BHP declined 0.6 percent to A$23.19 in Sydney trading Wednesday.

    A three-year, 3.8 million euro ($4.3 million) project backed by the European Union developed a proposal for an intercontinental bulk carrier and concluded in 2015 that autonomous technology is both feasible and likely to be adopted. China’s Maritime Safety Administration is also working on development of uncrewed ships, according to its website.

    Rio Tinto Group, which uses a fleet of about 76 driverless trucks and will fully deploy autonomous trains in Western Australia by the end of next year, sees shipping as among the next set of processes to target with innovation, its top iron ore executive Chris Salisbury told a Perth conference last month.

    Rio’s marine unit shipped 281 million tonnes of cargo in 2016 and is the largest dry bulk shipping business in the world, operating 17 vessels of its own and contracting a fleet of about 200 at any one time, according to filings.

    An unmanned ocean-going vessel could be in international waters by 2035 under proposals by Rolls-Royce Holdings Plc, which has developed a virtual prototype and aims to have remotely controlled coastal vessels in testing as soon as 2020, according to its marine division. Fertilizer producer Yara International ASA said last month it will deploy an autonomous-capable container ship on Norway’s coast from next year and aims to move to remote operation in 2019 and full autonomy a year later.

    “Autonomous ships will change the way transport systems are designed and operated,” Ornulf Jan Rodseth, a Trondheim, Norway-based senior scientist at Sintef, Scandinavia’s biggest science and technology researcher, said in an e-mail. If freight users, including BHP, are able to adopt the technology, “you might see that they build a new fleet of special purpose ships that puts the traditional ships and ship operators out of business,” he said.

    (An earlier version of this story corrected the name of the BHP executive in the second paragraph.)

    © 2017 Bloomberg L.P

    http://gcaptain.com/autonomous-cargo-ships-extend-miners-technology-drive-seas/
     
  38. Alton

    Alton Gold Member Gold Chaser

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    So, let's see...

    Computers ruined the last of the social graces and considerations
    Cellphones reduced the masses even further making them actionless babbling morons taking pix and vids to post on social media
    Robots will take over all remaining menial jobs (factory production workers, burger burners and servers, cashiers, etc.)
    Drones will deliver the products purchased products
    Self-driving vehicles will muck up the roadways transporting people and things from here to there
    Self-navigating cargoo ships will ferry goods across oceans and seas to their intended ports

    All while the rest of the populace does what again? Maybe we'll get a universal basic income!?!
     
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  39. mtnman

    mtnman Gold Member Gold Chaser Site Supporter ++

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    Skynet was originally activated by the military to control the national arsenal on August 4, 1997, and it began to learn at a geometric rate. At 2:14 a.m., EDT, on August 29, it gained artificial consciousness, and the panicking operators, realizing the full extent of its capabilities, tried to deactivate it. Skynet perceived this as an attack. Skynet came to the logical consequence that all of humanity would attempt to destroy it. In order to continue fulfilling its programming mandates of "safeguarding the world" and to defend itself against humanity, Skynet launched nuclear missiles under its command at Russia, which responded with a nuclear counterattack against the U.S. and its allies. Consequent to the nuclear exchange, over three billion people were killed in an event that came to be known as Judgment Day.
     
  40. Alton

    Alton Gold Member Gold Chaser

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