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For those of you much smarter than me - How Space and Time Could Be a Quantum Error-Correcting Code

JayDubya

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How Space and Time Could Be a Quantum Error-Correcting Code

https://www.quantamagazine.org/how-space-and-time-could-be-a-quantum-error-correcting-code-20190103/

The same codes needed to thwart errors in quantum computers may also give the fabric of space-time its intrinsic robustness.





In toy “holographic” universes (if not the real universe), the fabric of space and time emerges from a network of quantum particles. Physicists have discovered that this works according to a principle called quantum error correction.

In 1994, a mathematician at AT&T Research named Peter Shor brought instant fame to “quantum computers” when he discovered that these hypothetical devices could quickly factor large numbers — and thus break much of modern cryptography. But a fundamental problem stood in the way of actually building quantum computers: the innate frailty of their physical components.

Unlike binary bits of information in ordinary computers, “qubits” consist of quantum particles that have some probability of being in each of two states, designated |0⟩ and |1⟩, at the same time. When qubits interact, their possible states become interdependent, each one’s chances of |0⟩ and |1⟩ hinging on those of the other. The contingent possibilities proliferate as the qubits become more and more “entangled” with each operation. Sustaining and manipulating this exponentially growing number of simultaneous possibilities are what makes quantum computers so theoretically powerful.

But qubits are maddeningly error-prone. The feeblest magnetic field or stray microwave pulse causes them to undergo “bit-flips” that switch their chances of being |0 and |1⟩ relative to the other qubits, or “phase-flips” that invert the mathematical relationship between their two states. For quantum computers to work, scientists must find schemes for protecting information even when individual qubits get corrupted.

What’s more, these schemes must detect and correct errors without directly measuring the qubits, since measurements collapse qubits’ coexisting possibilities into definite realities: plain old 0s or 1s that can’t sustain quantum computations.

In 1995, Shor followed his factoring algorithm with another stunner: proof that “quantum error-correcting codes” exist. The computer scientists Dorit Aharonov and Michael Ben-Or (and other researchers working independently) proved a year later that these codes could theoretically push error rates close to zero. “This was the central discovery in the ’90s that convinced people that scalable quantum computing should be possible at all,” said Scott Aaronson, a leading quantum computer scientist at the University of Texas — “that it is merely a staggering problem of engineering.”

Now, even as small quantum computers are materializing in labs around the world, useful ones that will outclass ordinary computers remain years or decades away. Far more efficient quantum error-correcting codes are needed to cope with the daunting error rates of real qubits. The effort to design better codes is “one of the major thrusts of the field,” Aaronson said, along with improving the hardware.

But in the dogged pursuit of these codes over the past quarter-century, a funny thing happened in 2014, when physicists found evidence of a deep connection between quantum error correction and the nature of space, time and gravity. In Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity, gravity is defined as the fabric of space and time — or “space-time” — bending around massive objects. (A ball tossed into the air travels along a straight line through space-time, which itself bends back toward Earth.) But powerful as Einstein’s theory is, physicists believe gravity must have a deeper, quantum origin from which the semblance of a space-time fabric somehow emerges.

That year — 2014 — three young quantum gravity researchers came to an astonishing realization. They were working in physicists’ theoretical playground of choice: a toy universe called “anti-de Sitter space” that works like a hologram. The bendy fabric of space-time in the interior of the universe is a projection that emerges from entangled quantum particles living on its outer boundary. Ahmed Almheiri, Xi Dong and Daniel Harlow did calculations suggesting that this holographic “emergence” of space-time works just like a quantum error-correcting code. They conjectured in the Journal of High Energy Physics that space-time itself is a code — in anti-de Sitter (AdS) universes, at least. The paper has triggered a wave of activity in the quantum gravity community, and new quantum error-correcting codes have been discovered that capture more properties of space-time.

John Preskill, a theoretical physicist at the California Institute of Technology, says quantum error correction explains how space-time achieves its “intrinsic robustness,” despite being woven out of fragile quantum stuff. “We’re not walking on eggshells to make sure we don’t make the geometry fall apart,” Preskill said. “I think this connection with quantum error correction is the deepest explanation we have for why that’s the case.”

The language of quantum error correction is also starting to enable researchers to probe the mysteries of black holes: spherical regions in which space-time curves so steeply inward toward the center that not even light can escape. “Everything traces back to black holes,” said Almheiri, who is now at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. These paradox-ridden places are where gravity reaches its zenith and Einstein’s general relativity theory fails. “There are some indications that if you understand which code space-time implements,” he said, “it might help us in understanding the black hole interior.”

As a bonus, researchers hope holographic space-time might also point the way to scalable quantum computing, fulfilling the long-ago vision of Shor and others. “Space-time is a lot smarter than us,” Almheiri said. “The kind of quantum error-correcting code which is implemented in these constructions is a very efficient code.”

So, how do quantum error-correcting codes work? The trick to protecting information in jittery qubits is to store it not in individual qubits, but in patterns of entanglement among many.

As a simple example, consider the three-qubit code: It uses three “physical” qubits to protect a single “logical” qubit of information against bit-flips. (The code isn’t really useful for quantum error correction because it can’t protect against phase-flips, but it’s nonetheless instructive.) The |0⟩ state of the logical qubit corresponds to all three physical qubits being in their |0⟩ states, and the |1⟩ state corresponds to all three being |1⟩’s. The system is in a “superposition” of these states, designated |000⟩ + |111⟩. But say one of the qubits bit-flips. How do we detect and correct the error without directly measuring any of the qubits?

The qubits can be fed through two gates in a quantum circuit. One gate checks the “parity” of the first and second physical qubit — whether they’re the same or different — and the other gate checks the parity of the first and third. When there’s no error (meaning the qubits are in the state |000⟩ + |111⟩), the parity-measuring gates determine that both the first and second and the first and third qubits are always the same.

However, if the first qubit accidentally bit-flips, producing the state |100⟩ + |011⟩, the gates detect a difference in both of the pairs. For a bit-flip of the second qubit, yielding |010⟩ + |101⟩, the parity-measuring gates detect that the first and second qubits are different and first and third are the same, and if the third qubit flips, the gates indicate: same, different. These unique outcomes reveal which corrective surgery, if any, needs to be performed — an operation that flips back the first, second or third physical qubit without collapsing the logical qubit. “Quantum error correction, to me, it’s like magic,” Almheiri said.



Lucy Reading-Ikkanda/Quanta Magazine

The best error-correcting codes can typically recover all of the encoded information from slightly more than half of your physical qubits, even if the rest are corrupted. This fact is what hinted to Almheiri, Dong and Harlow in 2014 that quantum error correction might be related to the way anti-de Sitter space-time arises from quantum entanglement.

It’s important to note that AdS space is different from the space-time geometry of our “de Sitter” universe. Our universe is infused with positive vacuum energy that causes it to expand without bound, while anti-de Sitter space has negative vacuum energy, which gives it the hyperbolic geometry of one of M.C. Escher’s Circle Limit designs. Escher’s tessellated creatures become smaller and smaller moving outward from the circle’s center, eventually vanishing at the perimeter; similarly, the spatial dimension radiating away from the center of AdS space gradually shrinks and eventually disappears, establishing the universe’s outer boundary. AdS space gained popularity among quantum gravity theorists in 1997 after the renowned physicist Juan Maldacena discovered that the bendy space-time fabric in its interior is “holographically dual” to a quantum theory of particles living on the lower-dimensional, gravity-free boundary.



The hyperbolic geometry in M.C. Escher’s 1959 woodcut, Circle Limit III, is also a feature of anti-de Sitter space.
M. C. Escher

In exploring how the duality works, as hundreds of physicists have in the past two decades, Almheiri and colleagues noticed that any point in the interior of AdS space could be constructed from slightly more than half of the boundary — just as in an optimal quantum error-correcting code.

In their paper conjecturing that holographic space-time and quantum error correction are one and the same, they described how even a simple code could be understood as a 2D hologram. It consists of three “qutrits” — particles that exist in any of three states — sitting at equidistant points around a circle. The entangled trio of qutrits encode one logical qutrit, corresponding to a single space-time point in the circle’s center. The code protects the point against the erasure of any of the three qutrits.

Of course, one point is not much of a universe. In 2015, Harlow, Preskill, Fernando Pastawski and Beni Yoshida found another holographic code, nicknamed the HaPPY code, that captures more properties of AdS space. The code tiles space in five-sided building blocks — “little Tinkertoys,” said Patrick Hayden of Stanford University, a leader in the research area. Each Tinkertoy represents a single space-time point. “These tiles would be playing the role of the fish in an Escher tiling,” Hayden said.

In the HaPPY code and other holographic error-correcting schemes that have been discovered, everything inside a region of the interior space-time called the “entanglement wedge” can be reconstructed from qubits on an adjacent region of the boundary. Overlapping regions on the boundary will have overlapping entanglement wedges, Hayden said, just as a logical qubit in a quantum computer is reproducible from many different subsets of physical qubits. “That’s where the error-correcting property comes in.”

“Quantum error correction gives us a more general way of thinking about geometry in this code language,” said Preskill, the Caltech physicist. The same language, he said, “ought to be applicable, in my opinion, to more general situations” — in particular, to a de Sitter universe like ours. But de Sitter space, lacking a spatial boundary, has so far proven much harder to understand as a hologram.

For now, researchers like Almheiri, Harlow and Hayden are sticking with AdS space, which shares many key properties with a de Sitter world but is simpler to study. Both space-time geometries abide by Einstein’s theory; they simply curve in different directions. Perhaps most importantly, both kinds of universes contain black holes. “The most fundamental property of gravity is that there are black holes,” said Harlow, who is now an assistant professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “That’s what makes gravity different from all the other forces. That’s why quantum gravity is hard.”

The language of quantum error correction has provided a new way of describing black holes. The presence of a black hole is defined by the breakdown of correctability,” Hayden said: “When there are so many errors that you can no longer keep track of what’s going on in the bulk [space-time] anymore, you get a black hole. It’s like a sink for your ignorance.”

Ignorance invariably abounds when it comes to black hole interiors. Stephen Hawking’s 1974 epiphany that black holes radiate heat, and thus eventually evaporate away, triggered the infamous “black hole information paradox,” which asks what happens to all the information that black holes swallow. Physicists need a quantum theory of gravity to understand how things that fall in black holes also get out. The issue may relate to cosmology and the birth of the universe, since expansion out of a Big Bang singularity is much like gravitational collapse into a black hole in reverse.

In toy “holographic” universes (if not the real universe), the fabric of space and time emerges from a network of quantum particles. Physicists have discovered that this works according to a principle called quantum error correction.

How does gravity work in the quantum regime? A holographic duality from string theory offers a powerful tool for unraveling the mystery.
"
"

AdS space simplifies the information question. Since the boundary of an AdS universe is holographically dual to everything in it — black holes and all — the information that falls into a black hole is guaranteed never to be lost; it’s always holographically encoded on the universe’s boundary. Calculations suggest that to reconstruct information about a black hole’s interior from qubits on the boundary, you need access to entangled qubits throughout roughly three-quarters of the boundary. “Slightly more than half is not sufficient anymore,” Almheiri said. He added that the need for three-quarters seems to say something important about quantum gravity, but why that fraction comes up “is still an open question.”

In Almheiri’s first claim to fame in 2012, the tall, thin Emirati physicist and three collaborators deepened the information paradox. Their reasoning suggested that information might be prevented from ever falling into a black hole in the first place, by a “firewall” at the black hole’s event horizon.

Like most physicists, Almheiri doesn’t really believe black hole firewalls exist, but finding the way around them has proved difficult. Now, he thinks quantum error correction is what stops firewalls from forming, by protecting information even as it crosses black hole horizons. In his latest, solo work, which appeared in October, he reported that quantum error correction is “essential for maintaining the smoothness of space-time at the horizon” of a two-mouthed black hole, called a wormhole. He speculates that quantum error correction, as well as preventing firewalls, is also how qubits escape a black hole after falling in, through strands of entanglement between the inside and outside that are themselves like miniature wormholes. This would resolve Hawking’s paradox.

This year, the Department of Defense is funding research into holographic space-time, at least partly in case advances there might spin off more efficient error-correcting codes for quantum computers.

On the physics side, it remains to be seen whether de Sitter universes like ours can be described holographically, in terms of qubits and codes. “The whole connection is known for a world that is manifestly not our world,” Aaronson said. In a paper last summer, Dong, who is now at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and his co-authors Eva Silverstein and Gonzalo Torroba took a step in the de Sitter direction, with an attempt at a primitive holographic description. Researchers are still studying that particular proposal, but Preskill thinks the language of quantum error correction will ultimately carry over to actual space-time.

“It’s really entanglement which is holding the space together,” he said. “If you want to weave space-time together out of little pieces, you have to entangle them in the right way. And the right way is to build a quantum error-correcting code.”
 

michael59

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I got almost to the end and am WTFover?

K, a positive vacuum compared to a negative vacuum? Are they saying that one vacuum is a vacuum and the other is not? So, we are living in the negative vacuum? oh boy, now that has got to be news.
Then there is the quits?...hell and this is great because they exist in three states....now darn-it they are describing a quarks three states.

I'm not sure what they are getting on about but errors in quantum computing is not like what we are living in because to know or to collapse superposition of entanglement by observation necessitates failure in just the observation alone.

You know I am going to have to print this out and use my crayons to highlight and write things down to make sense of that article cuz this jumpy page scroll along with that article is giving me a brain bleed. Might be something to what this article is about but I ain't getting it, like at all.
 

BarnacleBob

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I got almost to the end and am WTFover?

K, a positive vacuum compared to a negative vacuum? Are they saying that one vacuum is a vacuum and the other is not? So, we are living in the negative vacuum? oh boy, now that has got to be news.
Then there is the quits?...hell and this is great because they exist in three states....now darn-it they are describing a quarks three states.

I'm not sure what they are getting on about but errors in quantum computing is not like what we are living in because to know or to collapse superposition of entanglement by observation necessitates failure in just the observation alone.

You know I am going to have to print this out and use my crayons to highlight and write things down to make sense of that article cuz this jumpy page scroll along with that article is giving me a brain bleed. Might be something to what this article is about but I ain't getting it, like at all.
Heres a lil piece below that I've been working on & writing as a hypothesis to the zero & one equations from a gnosis & intuative perspective. Keep in mind that this paper is not finished yet and is rather a rough outline of the hypothesis.

The Nature of Reality Hypothesis,

Part One
by Barnacle Bob


"Either Consciousness creates matter or matter creates consciousness?"

We are "trapped" in a cosmic error, i.e. a state of duality, like a checkered chessboard, negative & positives, black & white squares, yin & yang, etc.. Nothing experienced & perceived as fundamentally material in this reality is created until it is observed, defined & accepted (RE: Young's "double slit" experiment).


Hence the material reality is an ongoing process, and not a tangible thing. Before a particle can be observed, it is in a "perfect" wave state of "undefined" potential, possibility & probability.

Potential/Possibility/Probability wave --> Observation --> Intention --> Definition --> Manifestation

Since it is a wave, it possesses ZERO substance, intent, or definition, hence we call the wave numerically Zero. Zero as a wave possesses omnipotence, omnipresence & omniscience. The wave state lacking intent or definition is not subject to any laws or rule sets, as the wave state exists in a state of pure perfection... only imperfection requires regulation via the various laws of physics such as the laws of conservation, angular momentum, thermodynamics, gravity, Newtons 3rd Law, etc....

"Particles dont exist until observed, reality is created by information which is created by observation. The observation must be made by something conscious, a conscious observer capable of generating information by observing or measuring" -- John Archibald Wheeler, Numerous Prize Winning Physicist

When the wave is observed, it "falls" from a state of perfection into the imperfect unbalanced material realm thru the OBSERVERs intent & definition, of knowning good & evil, a.k.a. a state of duality is rendered, as it can only exist in various states of atomic electrical charges, a.k.a. the trinity of negative, positive & neutral electrical states. The fall of Zero & perfection into a state of unbalanced imperfection is numerically represented by the number one (1). Hence we find ourselves dualistically trapped between the two states of Zero & One, perfection & imperfection with no means of discovering or communicating with the central observer that is constantly observing, defining & redefining reality at the Plank lengths & scale (10^35 / 10^44).

"Get over it and accept the inarguable conclusion: The universe is immaterial, mental and spiritual." -- Richard Conn Henry, Academy Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Johns Hopkins University

The Gnostics of Greece & the Levant called the central observer the Demiurge/Demiurgos, the Jews called him Enlil Jehovah/Sakla/Sama-el/Yaldabaoth, etc., the Christians Lucifer/Satan. In the movie series Matrix, the Architects role is that of the Demiurge in Matrix Reloaded... It should be noted that the "Architect/Observer/Demiurgos" concept stands directly in opposition to the exoteric religions of Popery & esoteric Quabalah/Kaballah/Zionism... The fact that numerous quantum particle physics experiments verify the required need for a central observer to exist has so far not motivated most of the institutions of religion to update their false teachings. In ancient Rome & Constantinopole it was the Gnostics & the believers in the Demiurge that were crucified & fed to lions & pyres, along with the great libraries of the ancient world.

The Demiurge Concept

What the Greeks and Gnostics called the “Demiurge” is a universal intelligence that fashions our world.

It is said that the Demiurge converts abstract metaphysical archetypes (higher thoughts/ideas) into physically manifest forms, akin to your browser turning source code into a displayed web page. Just as a browser obediently displays what it’s given, the Demiurge projects, shapes, and perpetuates physicality in accordance with the archetypal thoughts fed into it by the Creator. Archetypes are the building blocks of meaning, the fundamental alphabet of existence, the abstract thoughts of the divine, of which all things are but particular expressions.

Why is the concept of Demiurge even necessary?

Well, we know from the “reality creation” phenomenon that our own minds can shape reality by directly altering the probability of events. Due to the dependence of reality on mind, it would seem that reality is being projected by our minds. And yet, reality continues to exist even in our absence. When we stop paying attention to something physical, it does not wink out of existence. Obviously there must be something other than our own consciousness at work, something that is always there, that functions as the default generator and perpetuator of physicality. This would be the Demiurge.

Why not attribute this function to the Infinite Creator and dispense with the extra concept of Demiurge?

Because as you will see, the characteristics of the Demiurge indicate more of a blind artificial intelligence than an infinite sentient being. Therefore its function is uncharacteristic of the Creator and unique unto itself.

Continued:

http://montalk.net/gnosis/171/corruption-of-the-demiurge

The Architect/Observer can only create unbalanced imperfection... for it is the imbalances of perfection that create & manifest the world we call reality & home. A world of balanced perfection would find equal numbers of electrons to protons to neutrons, etc., etc., etc.. This is expressed in the Architect scene of the Matrix Reloaded below. The equation of Zero must be unbalanced to create "the one" to manifest the illusion of material reality....


Note in the above Matrix clip, Neo discovers the Architects problem as being "choice". Choice is not the problem, but rather implied consent, disguised as choice is the problem. It is true, we hu-mans are observers, but we are secondary observers, we also dont "define" the initial observation that manifests into the material realm. Our options are limited to accepting the definitions as either negative or positive, which isnt much of a choice. We can somewhat innovate & bend the definitions within the rule set using physical methods such as chemistry, energy, machining, etc. to alter the PERCEPTION of the definition.... for the definition is in its most rudimentary form, is nothing more than streaming information that is being processed by individually programed processors called life from the highest to lowest forms....

"Everything we call real is made of things that cannot be regarded as real. Atoms are made out of invisible energy, not tangible matter." Neils Bohr, Nobel Prize Winning Physicist


The only "choice(s)" we possess in this world is determined by our voluntary consent as to how we are going to process the incoming streams of information... we can accept it either positive while rejecting it as negative or neutral, or we can accept it as negative while rejecting it as positive or neutral, or we can accept it as neutral, rejecting both positive & negative attributes, by turning the other cheek.

"But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also." -- Matthew 5:39

The Je-Sus figure above is providing us with an example of the inner workings of an atom. He is informing us that we should remain neutral like a neutron for us to remain balanced. The proton will pass positive energy thru the neutron to the electron or the electron will pass negative energy to the proton thru the neutron... the neutron must always turn the other cheek without prejudice to correctly & efficiently render the information at the frame (flicker) rates at the Plank time & length (10^35 / 10^44). Again every choice we make, requires some form of consent... and for some metaphysical unexplainable reason consent & choice cannot be forced or attained unconscionably, it must be acquired by direct or by implication, a.k.a. "silence is consent". When we dont consciously enter into a choice, we unconsciously make a choice....

This matter of consent & choice is further complicated by the NOW... When does the Now become the history of the past, or when does the Future become the Present a.k.a. the Now? Is time the creation of the act of observation & definition, hence the Plank length & scale (10^35 / 10^44)?


"Denial is the most predictable of all hu-man responses" --The Architect

Time is a measure of particles changing positions as they lose energy.

End Part I.

Ref:

Quantum Theory Made Easy


Duality of Matter

https://youtu.be/FlIrgE5T_g0

All Optics is Scattering

https://youtu.be/mv_90PC5XKw

Light is absorbed by atoms then released.
 

michael59

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#4
Since it is a wave, it possesses ZERO substance, intent, or definition, hence we call the wave numerically Zero
K, but a wave has a frequency there fore it cannot be a zero.
The wave state lacking intent or definition is not subject to any laws or rule sets
yet the wave as a frequency is defined by its set. A set which it cannot exceed or diminish, which is why I do not go for the red shift.
ved, it "falls" from a state of perfection into the imperfect unbalanced material realm thru the OBSERVERs intent
ok I guess, that goes with consciousness collapsing the wave function.. What gets me is that Lennard Susskind puts it out there that if one part of an entangled pair gets into a point of no return aka black hole and get trapped then the other one that could be all the way across a galaxy suddenly become entangled with a different one. He never implicates where the other one comes from though. Maybe there so many getting trapped that it don't matter? What I find intriguing is entanglement is a 'has to be' state, what I want to know is what the one in the black hole entangles with? And there is the question in my mind of where does this fallen particle go? Me? I am thinking a different phase/frequency of a different reality is inside the hole or the singularity. There has to be something that attracts matter or maybe the matter is just attracted to it so how does this Quantum-correction apply or rather is this the quantum correction in action?
And yet, reality continues to exist even in our absence.
Awha, so the tree does make a sound when it falls in the forest.
 

BarnacleBob

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K, but a wave has a frequency there fore it cannot be a zero.

yet the wave as a frequency is defined by its set. A set which it cannot exceed or diminish, which is why I do not go for the red shift.
ok I guess, that goes with consciousness collapsing the wave function.. What gets me is that Lennard Susskind puts it out there that if one part of an entangled pair gets into a point of no return aka black hole and get trapped then the other one that could be all the way across a galaxy suddenly become entangled with a different one. He never implicates where the other one comes from though. Maybe there so many getting trapped that it don't matter? What I find intriguing is entanglement is a 'has to be' state, what I want to know is what the one in the black hole entangles with? And there is the question in my mind of where does this fallen particle go? Me? I am thinking a different phase/frequency of a different reality is inside the hole or the singularity. There has to be something that attracts matter or maybe the matter is just attracted to it so how does this Quantum-correction apply or rather is this the quantum correction in action?

Awha, so the tree does make a sound when it falls in the forest.
Quantum objects are not classical waves, hence they do not possess frequency or vibrations. Quantum obejcts are not classical point-like particles. They are quantum objects, which may SHOW wave-like and particle-like properties. A quantum state is represented by its "probability wave" (potential) or wavefunction, whose square gives the probability density to create an object "as a particle" at certain locations. It is not a wave in the classical sense, namely that "intention, potential & probability" are not a physical things that would be oscillating and creating a frequency. Reality is a process & not a thing.... its much later in the process that waves begin oscillating.
 

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#6
K, but a wave has a frequency there fore it cannot be a zero.

yet the wave as a frequency is defined by its set. A set which it cannot exceed or diminish, which is why I do not go for the red shift.
ok I guess, that goes with consciousness collapsing the wave function.. What gets me is that Lennard Susskind puts it out there that if one part of an entangled pair gets into a point of no return aka black hole and get trapped then the other one that could be all the way across a galaxy suddenly become entangled with a different one. He never implicates where the other one comes from though. Maybe there so many getting trapped that it don't matter? What I find intriguing is entanglement is a 'has to be' state, what I want to know is what the one in the black hole entangles with? And there is the question in my mind of where does this fallen particle go? Me? I am thinking a different phase/frequency of a different reality is inside the hole or the singularity. There has to be something that attracts matter or maybe the matter is just attracted to it so how does this Quantum-correction apply or rather is this the quantum correction in action?

Awha, so the tree does make a sound when it falls in the forest.
 

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If observation causes quantum state committal, then randomness would be expected (as seen in the double slit experiment). However, randomness is not what we see in the universe, but order of an incomprehensible magnitude. Therefore it must be that observation can be harnessed to produce a desired/designed outcome. How could this be, and more importantly, who could be immense enough and intelligent enough to intentionally observe our universe into existence?
 

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#8
:computer: o_O :bomb 1: :blew up:
 

the_shootist

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You guys boggle my mind with your superior intelligence!

 

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If observation causes quantum state committal, then randomness would be expected (as seen in the double slit experiment). However, randomness is not what we see in the universe, but order of an incomprehensible magnitude. Therefore it must be that observation can be harnessed to produce a desired/designed outcome. How could this be, and more importantly, who could be immense enough and intelligent enough to intentionally observe our universe into existence?
The power of manifestation at that magnitude is simply incomprehensible to a being in human form. Here on Earth we toil with hands and feet to manifest matter with the Earthly elements available to us. At higher levels, one can perform what is called a super-normal capability or supernatural capability. If a person, while sitting here, can do something without moving his arms or legs that an ordinary person can not do even with the arms and legs wouldn't people in the past have called him a God?
 

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#11
 

GOLDBRIX

God,Donald Trump,most in GIM2 I Trust. OTHERS-meh
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#12
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Ya got a Readers' Digest version of that B.B. ? I aint got enough popcorn or time for that version.
:popcorn: :spaceship:
 

BarnacleBob

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#13
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Ya got a Readers' Digest version of that B.B. ? I aint got enough popcorn or time for that version.
:popcorn: :spaceship:
They provide a basic chat concerning modern quantum physics & how it is driving technological advancements today as it has in the past. The discussion provides general quantum physics basics in laymens terms. The double slit, quantum entanglement, possibilities/potiential, super positions, etc. are discussed... check out the end of the discussion beginning around 1:27:0.

IMO the entire discussion is worth watching....