20 RARE PHOTOS THAT SHOW WHAT THE PEOPLE FROM ‘LITTLE HOUSE ON THE PRAIRIE’ REALLY LOOKED LIKE Perfect Life
Published on Mar 24, 2017
The Real "Ma" and "Pa": 20 Rare and Amazing Vintage Photographs That Show What The People From ‘Little House On The Prairie’ Really Looked Like:
The Little House on the Prairie books series is a children’s literature classic that’s not only entertaining, but provides a unique snapshot of life in the Midwestern United States at a time when that area was rapidly changing.
Little House on the Prairie has a special place in the hearts of Americans and many others around the world. Laura Ingalls Wilder’s stories, based on her real-life experience of growing up amid the hardships of the Midwest during the late 19th century, have struck a chord with generations of readers and viewers.
Though the book series and the popular TV show based on it are fictional, they draw heavily on author Laura Ingalls Wilder’s real life and family. Take a look at these rare photos of the people behind the timeless stories...
1. 1860: The Real "Ma" and "Pa"
Charles and Caroline Ingalls, the original "Ma" and "Pa" from Little House on the Prairie, on their wedding day on February 1, 1860.
Charles was born in 1836 and spent the majority of his youth in the tallgrass prairie of Campton Township, just west of Elgin, Illinois. He met and quickly married a 21-year old Caroline Lake Quiner, who was working as a schoolteacher at the time, and they made a home in Pepin County, Wisconsin. They had their first daughter, Mary Amelia, in January, 1865, followed by the birth of Laura in February, 1867. Despite being a high-spirited, outgoing man, Charles wasn't much for people, and he had an insatiable wanderlust. In 1869, before Laura was two years old, he packed up the family and moved to Missouri, then to a town near what is now Independence, Kansas, where their third daughter, Carrie, would be born in 1870.
2. Carrie, Mary, and Laura Ingalls, ca. 1882
From left to right: Carrie, Mary, and Laura Ingalls around 1882. Mary had lost her sight three years earlier.
The young family would soon realize that the Kansas land wasn't open to settlers, so over the next few years, they spent time in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa. Grace Pearl was born in May, 1877, and the family was struggling to make ends meet. In 1879, Charles accepted a job as a clerk and bookkeeper with the railroad in Dakota Territory, which sparked the move to the town of De Smet in 1880. The following winter's terrible storms and conditions would be the basis for the novel, The Long Winter.
3. Laura in De Smet, 1884
Laura in 1884 at age 17
Laura quickly got involved with life in the newly-formed (and growing) town of De Smet. She attended school, made friends, and obtained her teaching certificate, which enabled her to begin teaching in 1882, a full two months before her 16th birthday!
At the same time, she began courting Almanzo Wilder, a young homesteader whom she called "Manly". Though 10 years her senior, Almanzo fell deeply in love with Laura and would drive her back and forth between De Smet and the town where se was teaching 12 miles away. They married in 1885 and settled on the Wilder's claim and began their life as farmers.
4. Laura and Almanzo, ca. 1885-86
Laura and Almanzo in their first year of marriage, likely 1885 or 1886.
5. The Ingalls Family in 1891
From left to right: Caroline ("Ma"), Carrie, Laura, Charles ("Pa"), Grace, and Mary.
The family took 1890 and 1891 to rest and recover, and the photos from a studio session in 1891 shows that Laura was of good health and vitality at the end of her rest.
6. Laura in 1891
This early 1891 portrait of Laura captures that she had returned to good health. Almanzo still was struggling, but Laura helped them continue work, and they kept their ears to the ground for new opportunities.
7. Portrait of Laura and Almanzo, 1891
In October, 1891, Laura, Almanzo, and a young Rose traveled to Florida in hopes that the warm weather would be better for Almanzo's health and farming. You can tell from the photo above that Laura certainly didn't love it; indeed, she could barely tolerate the humidity and weather, and the family moved back to De Smet, South Dakota in August 1892.
8. Laura, ca. 1898
A young Laura Ingalls Wilder on the porch of her rented home in Mansfield, Missouri around 1898.
After a short time back in De Smet after the disastrous trip to Florida, the family quickly made way to Mansfield, Missouri by covered wagon. Almanzo put a $100 down payment to buy 40 acres of hilly, rocky land that Laura would name "Rocky Ridge Farm". This farm would eventually be expanded and serve as the couple's home for the rest of their lives.
The Secret Museum of Mankind – A Collection of Strange & Secret Photographs of Tribes from Across the Continents
Published in 1935, The Secret Museum of Mankind is a mystery book. It has no author or credits, no copyright, no date, no page numbers, no index. Published by "Manhattan House" and sold by "Metro Publications", both of New York, its "Five Volumes in One" was pure hype: it had never been released in any other form.
Advertised as "World's Greatest Collection of Strange & Secret Photographs" and marketed mainly to overheated adolescents, it consists of nothing but photos and captions with no further exposition. This was not a book published to educate, but to titillate (literally)— it's emphasis was on the female form and fashion, and it featured as many National-Geographic-style native breasts as possible. But anything lurid, weird, or just plain unusual is fair game.
The tone of the commentary is dated, and uniformly racist in the extreme, often hilariously so. It reads like the patter of a carnival sideshow barker, from a time when the world was divided between "modern" Europeans and "savages". The photos were taken from the 1890s through the early 1930s, with period commentary to match. This was the era of eugenics before it acquired a terminal taint thanks to Nazi Germany.
See below for a selection of images that show "the magic and mystery in queer lands where the foot of a white man has rarely tread..."
IN THE FANTASTIC DRESS OF THE NOTORIOUS STRAW BOYS
During the early years of the nineteenth century sections of Ireland were overrun by one of the many terrorist gangs that have from time to time existed there, known, from their peculiar but effective grass masks, as the Straw Boys. Through these masks they could see without being recognized, and their habit of dressing as women added to their grotesque appearance.
EMU MAN PERFORMS THE TOTEM
With a head-dress representing the sacred totem of his group, this man is working magic that is to make emus abundant for the hunters of his tribe.
AMAZONIAN HUNTER PROUD OF HIS METAL SPEAR
Besides bows and arrows, most of the forest Indians use the spear as a weapon of the chase. The shaft is of stout wood and the point or blade is usually of chonta palm, which is almost as hard as metal. A few spears are found with metal blades, probably taken centuries ago from the Spanish pioneers, and naturally are highly prized by their fortunate possessors.
BURLESQUE DISGUISE OF BASUTO GIRL-BRIDES
Initiation ceremonies are generally held before any young people can be admitted as members to adult tribal society; likewise before marriage the girls of Basutoland carefully observe a period of initiation. After receiving a new name each neophyte is whitewashed, blanketed, and masked, and in this guise undergoes many rites.
FLORAL MASKS HIDE THE BLUSHES OF SOME BULGARIAN BRIDES
All the bride's artistic taste is centred in her head dress; be she poor or rich, she endeavours to make it as gorgeously ponderous as the strength of her head will allow. Fortunately, this gigantic floral burden and cap of coins are not worn for long but are soon replaced by the popular, and certainly more effective headdress — the simple wreath of flowers and leaves.
GROTESQUE TERRORS THAT CONFRONT A WEST AFRICAN YOUTH ON THE OCCASION OF HIS COMING OF AGE
Awe-inspiring ceremonial attends the most important event in tribal life — the admission of the young men into the full rights of manhood. In South Kukuruku the initiation is performed once every three years by members of the Eliminya Society. They wear uncanny, somewhat insect-like masks with pendant tassels — always jealously concealed from the uninitiated and from women — a kind of tunic of loose cords, and crested helmets of palm-fibre.
FULL RASP FACE PATTERN
This grotesque face pattern in ridged flesh is known as a "full rasp." The man could only be photographed asleep; he fled the camera as witchcraft.
FUZZY WUZZI WOMAN OF THE WEST
Her way of gumming her hair over a great light framework connects her with the Beja Nile race and the Baggara Fuzzy Wuzzies who were broken at Omdurman.
GILYAK WOMAN HAPPILY BURDENED
Of uncertain palaeasiatic origin the Gilyaks inhabit the north of Sakhalien Island and the lower Amur region of East Siberia. The peculiar length of the fingers and roundness of the face are noticeable in this mother with her triple ear-rings.
ON THE THRESHOLD OF MANHOOD
Ceremonial masks attain the acme of the grotesque in New Guinea. This astonishing confection is worn by boys in the Gulf Division when being initiated into manhood.
"GOLDEN RAIN" OF DANCING SOUNDS FROM A MEXICAN MARIMBA
Like all Latin peoples, the Mexicans are exceedingly musical, and the Mestizos and Indians are also intensely fond of music and song. In the numerous plazas delightful music, excellently executed, resounds throughout the evening hours; the musician's masterly command of their instruments and the originality of the compositions supplying true "concord of sweet sounds."
MEN OF THE "NEVER NEVER LAND" IN TOTEM ATTIRE
They have spent hours in decorating themselves in colours and birds' down. The tufted sticks rising from the heads of the men in the second row are in the nature of "nurtunjas," or totem poles, and have much magical meaning. Some snakes seem to be the totem of the group, that is to say, the divine animal ancestor that produced human children.
This Ngombe chief displays a strange scar arrangement; more interesting is the man himself, with strong face, alien master of Congo country, famous for initiative.
IMPOSING FIGURE CUT BY AN OVRA DANCER IN FULL REGALIA
Secret societies are a feature of native life on the West Coast. In November, when the dry season begins, members of the Ovra Society among the Ebo of Benin perform hidden magical rites for the good of the community, and then, masked and dressed in marvellous attire, and wearing enormous hats of parrots' feathers, emerge to perform a public daylight dance.
FISH-FACED WEED-ROBED CELEBRANTS OF GHOULISH RITES
At specific dances and at initiation ceremonies, costumes are worn which represent various legendary and mythical figures, the precise significance of which has not been ascertained by ethnologists. These horrible fish-like masks, framed in white feathers, are used by the tribes along the Gulf of Papua.
SISTERS OF A REMOTE TIBETAN NUNNERY IN WIGS, BEADS AND BRACELETS
It is rare indeed for such folk to see a camera. Living in complete isolation in an isolated land, difficult to access, the nuns of Tibet's religious houses have perforce to keep themselves strictly to themselves. The aged women wearing caps are lay sisters, old almost beyond humanity and inhumanly dirty. The rest are full-fledged nuns. These must shave their heads and assume great mop-like wigs. The largest of these matted coverings conceals the bald head of the abbess seated in the centre and wearing at her throat a charm-box studded with turquoises.
FINAL ORDEAL BY ROASTING IN THE INITIATION OF YOUNG BEARDS INTO TRIAL SECRETS
As a lad, the aborigine is tortured and mutilated by his elders in the early rites of initiation. When he is a grown man, he undergoes an ordeal of fourteen weeks of endurance, ending with a double roasting. He lies on a log fire for five minutes. The fire is then made hotter, and down he goes for another five minutes, rapidly twisting about to avoid serious burns. At middle-age there is even another severe test.
Burmans smoke as soon as they can toddle. In the palace, this small princess's home, the cheroots are rolled in the white inner bark of the betel tree.
OLD KAITISH WOMAN KNOCKING TOOTH OUT OF YOUNG GIRL TO MAKE HER MORE ATTRACTIVE
All the girl's teeth were sound, but the men of the tribe had lost interest in teeth extraction as a magic mystery, and instead of making it a male privilege, as tongue-piercing still was, let women, and even girls, have their teeth knocked out. And they were keen on it. The tooth, having been loosened by pressure with a stick, is being knocked out with three sharp blows. Afterwards, the girl danced with pleasure!
MISTRESSES IN ALL ARTS OF FASCINATING MEN
Mulatto girls of the Ouled Na√Øls are works of art. Their hair and eyebrows are dyed blue-black. Their carmine lips and red nails are, like their picturesque coifs and rich and varied jewelry, additions to the tar-brush tint of skin. The cigarette is but an item in their sophisticated charms.
HAULING TWO TONS OF HIPPO MEAT HOME TO THEIR VILLAGE
Women of the Kavirondo tribe, inhabiting the north-east end of Lake Victoria, are most enterprising. They pursue agriculture, herding, hunting, and fishing with their menfolk, and are their tribe's only "medicine-men." The flesh of some wild animals is greatly esteemed by the Kavirondo, particularly that of the wild cat and leopard; plucky and dextrous hunters, the fiercest hippopotamus and largest elephant invariably succumb to their traps and spears
SAVAGERY'S BLUNTED BLADE
Not long ago the axe of the Zomba headsman spread terror in the Shiré highlands. Now Zomba town is the capital of the British Government of Nyasaland
(All 564 pages from the five volumes of The Secret Museum of Mankind have been scanned, transcribed and uploaded HERE)
17 Amazing Vintage Photographs Show the Brutal Lives of American Gangsters from the 1920s and 1930s
In the early 20th century, Chicago was one of the most crime-ridden places in America. After the passage of Prohibition, in 1920, powerful gangs of bootleggers, gangsters, and smugglers formed to profit from illegal alcohol trafficking. Al Capone, Bugs Moran, and John Dillinger and their gangs became household names that were equal parts criminals and celebrities.
From cold-blooded murders to running battles with the police, these black-and-white pictures shed light on the brutal lives of gun-toting gangsters during the American Depression. The amazing images show notorious mobsters such as Al Capone who committed violent crimes in their search to get rich quick during the early 1930s.
Police officers look over distilling equipment and guns confiscated during a Prohibition raid, Chicago, ca.1920s. (Photo by Chicago History Museum/Getty Images)
Edwin C. Arthur stands in the center of a collection of containers of moonshine taken during a South Side raid in Chicago, Illinois, 1922. From the Chicago Daily News collection. (Photo by Chicago History Museum/Getty Images)
Lieutenant William Shoemacher stands and aims a Thompson machine gun, or tommy gun, Chicago, 1926. The gun, developed for World War I, was very popular with gangsters due to its high rate of fire. From the Chicago Daily News collection. (Photo by Chicago History Museum/Getty Images)
Primed for warfare, Chicago gangsters forced police to equip themselves with miniature arsenals to cope with gang wars. Deputy Chief Stege (right) hands out machine guns to detectives while Chief of Detectives Shoemaker (fourth from left) looks on, January 09, 1927. (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
The body of noted gang chief Frankie Yale, who was born Francesco Ioele, lies beside his automobile at 44th Street, after Yale was shot to death from a pursuing automobile on July 02, 1928. Yale's car crashed into a house and he was thrown out of the car. (Photo by Bettmann/Getty Images)
A young man posing as a masked gunman, circa 1930. (Photo by FPG/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
American gangster Al Capone (“Scarface”) (1899 – 1947) relaxes in his vacation home, Miami, Florida, 1930. Capone smokes a cigar and wears a striped dressing gown and slippers. (Photo by New York Times/Getty Images)
This sawed-off shotgun was carried in a violin case to the Port Newark National Bank in Newark, NJ on February 28, 1930. Three gunmen – determined to seize $25,000 – staged a wild west gun battle at the entrance of the bank in the center of the city, at 10:45 A.M. Osie Danneman, black messenger for the bank, was the hero, saving $25,000. Photo shows the violin-cased sawed-off shotgun. (Photo by Bettmann/Getty Images)
Police and Fireman's Day display of a gangster's car riddled by Thompson machine guns for ten seconds on September 24, 1930. (Photo by Leroy Jakob/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
George (Bugsy) Moran, Chicago gangster, on trial at Waukegan, Illinois on December 11, 1930. Charged with vagrancy, he is being named one of Chicago's “Public Enemies”. Vehemently denied in court the charges, and declared himself a business man. His wife was with him in court and was twice in tears during the arguments. (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
A group of men in suits and hats are obscured by the smoke from the guns, including Thompson submachine guns, shotguns, and revolvers, that they are firing in a shrubland, USA, 1930s. (Photo by Vintage Images/Getty Images)
Body of John (Aces) Mazza lies in front of 17 First Ave. after dying in a gangster's duel on February 21, 1931. (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
War veterans, members of a civilian organization for the suppression of crime, leading gangsters to the police station following their arrest in the United States in 1932. (Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)
Full-length portrait of American criminal Bonnie Parker (1910 – 1934) smoking a cigar while leaning on the front fender of a car and holding a pistol on April 17, 1933. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
An armoured vehicle surrounded by Chicago cops at the time of the American depression, 1933. (Photo by Rolls Press/Popperfoto/Getty Images)
A car riddled with bullet holes belonging to New-York gangsters, in 1933. After a police chase, the criminals were arrested by policemen who had fired a hundred shots at their car. (Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)
Photo shows Inspector Frank S. Burke, Right, Chief of Detectives, explaining the new weapons to some of his men, left to right, Detectives O. S. Hunt, Thomas Nally, John Apostolides, Robert Barret, Joseph Shinon, Hoyle Secrest, George Darnell and Inspector Burke in Washington, DC on October 19, 1935. (Photo by George Rinhart/Corbis via Getty Images)
15 Historical Figures You Probably Didn't Know Were Black
Was Michelle Obama the first black First Lady? You might be surprised at these 15 historical figures you probably didn’t know were black.
1. Betty Boop
They might have drawn Betty Boop white, but her history is black. The character was actually stolen from Cotton Club singer Esther Jones — known by her stage name “Baby Esther” and the baby talk she used when she sang songs like “I Wanna Be Loved By You (Boop- Boop-BeDoo). Her act later “inspired” cartoonist Max Fleischer to create the character Betty Boop and Esther tried to win the rights back to her character until the day she died.
2. J. Edgar Hoover
Hitler’s Jewish ancestry isn’t the strangest twist in racial history. FBI director J. Edgar Hoover — the man who plagued the black liberation movement from Marcus Garvey to the Black Panther Party — was known by his peers as a passing black man.
His childhood neighbor writer Gore Vidal famously quoted, “It was always said in my family and around the city that Hoover was mulatto. And that he came from a family that passed.”
And apparently that was a closely-guarded secret. Millie McGhee, author of Secrets Uncovered: J. Edgar Hoover Passing For White, said,
“In the late 1950’s, I was a young girl growing up in rural McComb, Mississippi. A story had been passed down through several generations that the land we lived on was owned by the Hoover family. My grandfather told me that this powerful man, Edgar, was his second cousin, and was passing for white. If we talked about this, he was so powerful he could have us all killed. I grew up terrified about all this.”
3. The Medici Family
It’s hard to get through any school lesson about the Italian Renaissance without talking about the Medici family. What history doesn’t like to talk about is that the financial ruler of the western world — Alessandro de Medici, Duke of Penne and Duke of Florence and commonly called “Il Moro” (Italian for Moor — a term commonly used to describe anyone with dark skin) — was born to an African-Italian mother (a servant) and a white father (who would later become Pope Clement VII).
4. Jacqueline Onassis
Was Michelle Obama our first African-American First Lady? Or was it Jackie O? Jacqueline Onassis is a member of the van Salee’s family, famous for their “mulatto” heritage.
Jackie O’s ancestor John van Salee De Grasse was the first black American formally educated as a doctor; her socialite father was nicknamed “Black Jack” Bouvier because of his dark complexion.
More fun van Salee facts?: Both actor Humphrey Bogart and journalist Anderson Cooper are descendants of that famous family.
5. Anatole Broyard
American writer Anatole Broyard passed as white his entire life. It wasn’t until his daughter, Bliss, published One Drop: My Father’s Hidden Life — A Story of Race and Family Secrets was the truth revealed: The famous New York Times book reviewer was born to light-skinned black parents in New Orleans and started passing once he grew up and moved out of his predominantly black Brooklyn neighborhood.
6. Queen Charlotte
This 18th century painter got into hot water when he painted Queen Charlotte’s features a little too realistically. The painting stirred up long-standing rumors about King George III’s wife’s African heritage.
And those rumors turned out to be true. Queen Charlotte was the member of a Portuguese royal family begun by Alfonso III and his lover Madragana “a moor“.
Because this makes Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Charles and Prince William technically mixed race, many historians have tried to cast doubt on the nature of Queen Charlotte’s heritage.
But her personal physician has noted her “true mulatto face” and the public report released before Queen Elizabeth II’s coronation in 1953 acknowledges the monarchy’s African heritage.
7. Alexander Pushkin
The man considered the father of Russian literature was he great-grandson of an Ethiopian prince named Ibrahim Gannibal. Among Pushkin’s more famous unpublished works (left after his death in a duel) is an unfinished novel about his Ethiopian great-grandfather.
The famous classical composer’s mother was a moor. It’s a fact that became popular again after this cast of his African facial features contradicted the “idealized” paintings of the man history likes to re-imagine.
9. King Tut
The Boy Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt is often depicted as fair skinned. But these images recovered from his tomb (in addition to several other artifacts) have identified him as a black African.
10. Santa Claus
Or at least Saint Nicholas (270 – 343 AD), the saint that the legend is based on. Old Saint Nick was born in what’s now considered Turkey (at the time a metropolis for people of African descent).
Hannibal of Carthage — one of the greatest military strategists in history is often depicted with much… narrower features. But these coins depicting Hannibal and his famous army of elephants leave little doubt in the minds of many historians of his African ancestry.
12. Saint Augustine
No course covering Philosophy 101 is complete without referencing Christian theologian Saint Augustine. What’s less commonly covered is his African origins and birth place of (modern-day) Souk Ahras, Algeria.
13. Alexandre Dumas
Alexandre Dumas was the son of the General Dumas born in 1762 to a white father and an enslaved mother. General Dumas was such a good general that he made his rival — Napoleon Bonaparte — nervous. Thanks to Napoleon’s machinations, the General ended up imprisoned in a dungeon for years — the story that inspired Alexandre to write The Count of Monte Cristo about his father.
14. Alexander Hamilton
For black history buffs, it’s really all about the Hamiltons. Alexander Hamilton isn’t just the man on the $10 bill, he was the United States’ first Secretary of the Treasury.
His mother, Rachel Fawcett Lavain, was said to be of “mixed blood” and his father was the son of a Scottish Duke. Alexander’s older brother was dark-skinned and treated as black. But Alexander was light enough to pass and went on to establish the first national bank in the American colonies, founded the U.S. mint and wrote most of the Federalist Papers.
15. Clark Gable
The original “tall, dark and handsome” actor didn’t hide his Black and Native American heritage. And when he saw “colored” and “white” bathrooms on the set of Gone With The Wind, he refused to continue working until all of the cast members were treated equally.
These 27 Behind-the-Scenes Moments Are Spookier Than the Onscreen Characters Themselves From Film History
There is something profound about the moment an actor is transformed into a monster. These behind-the-scenes moments are maybe even spookier than the onscreen characters themselves, because they are a kind of visual metaphor for the masks we all put on in our daily lives.
The “Ghost Town” of Vilarinho da Furna, a Drowned Roman Village
Vilarinho da Furna, also called Vilarinho das Furnas, is a Portuguese “ghost town” full of history and stories. And water… Where today flows the Albufeira de Vilarinho das Furnas once existed one of the most charming villages of the Gerês National Park.
In 1967, construction began on a dam that would flood areas of the River Homem, and provide massive hydroelectricity to the region. Amid some protest, the Portuguese Electricity Company paid off residents to leave their homes, as the dam would completely submerge the small village of 300 people. In 1971, the last resident left the town, and its barren structures awaited the deluge that would bury it beneath the river.
In 1972, the town was submerged, plunging over 2000 years of history in the village into water. According to oral accounts, the town was founded by Romans in the 1st century C.E., and was prosperous throughout its history. Today, the barren walls, windows and doors rise mysteriously when the dam water levels fall.
A museum dedicated to the lost city was built in nearby São João do Campo, and other commemoration efforts have taken place since the town was flooded 40 years ago. Recently, boats with transparent bottoms have also taken tourists near the village so the remains of the city can be seen and the history not lost forever.
Here are some old photos of Vilarinho da Furna:
... and pictures of the village emerging from under the water:
Amazing Vintage Photographs of Ice-Skating Waiters of the Grand Hotel les Bains, Switzerland from the 1920s and '30s
In the 1920s and '30s at the Grand Hotel les Bains in St. Moritz, Switzerland, they had the right idea: serve drinks on its ice terrace by skating waiters. It took some practice getting the rest of the staff serve cocktails successfully. For some clients, waiting for servers take a spectacular fall while balancing expensive booze on a tray was obviously half the fun.
German photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt, who was then on staff for LIFE magazine, captured the Grand Hotel servers on film - balancing serving trays all while gliding on one foot.
St. Moritz is located in the Engadine valley in the Swiss Alps, which is surrounded by mountains on all sides. The city, which is known for its ski resorts, was host to the 1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics. The 1928 Winter Olympic Games was the first true Winter Games because it was not held in conjunction with the Summer Olympic Games.
The area, which was and is still popular with the jet set, “was a popular playground for many famous people,” according to the St. Moritz Tourism board. Alfred Hitchcock, Brigitte Bardot, Charlie Chaplin and Greta Garbo were all regular guests.
See the iconic photos Eisenstaedt captured of the skating waiters:
50 Amazing Vintage Photographs That Capture Life of America's Farming Communities During the Great Depression
Born in New York City in 1915, Arthur Rothstein showed an early interest in photography. While studying at Columbia University, he met economics instructor Roy Stryker, who would later establish the photographic section of the Resettlement Administration (later the Farm Security Administration) in Washington, DC.
Appreciating Rothstein's technical proficiency and enthusiasm for photography, Stryker hired him in 1935 as the first staff photographer for the FSA. Rothstein spent the next five years creating some of the most iconic images of rural and small-town America during the Great Depression (1935-1940).
After leaving the FSA in 1940, Rothstein took a position as photographer for Look magazine; he remained there until 1971, ultimately serving as the magazine's director of photography.
Sharecropper's child suffering from rickets and malnutrition, Wilson cotton plantation, Mississippi County, Arkansas.
Son of a sharecropper, Mississippi County, Arkansas.
Swimming hole at the Dyess Colony, Mississippi County, Arkansas.
Daughter of sharecropper, Mississippi County, Arkansas.
Sharecropper and children in front of company house. Wilson cotton plantation, Mississippi County, Arkansas.
Demonstrating process of canning corn at community canning kitchen near Atkins, Arkansas.
Commercial canning kitchen near Huntsville, Arkansas.
Street scene at Clarksville, Arkansas.
Street scene at Clarksville, Arkansas.
Street scene at Clarksville, Arkansas.
Scene at Fayetteville, Arkansas.
Old stage coach tavern near Huntsville, Arkansas, now inhabited by rehabilitation client.
Wife of rehabilitation client, Washington County, Arkansas.
Farmer who supplements his income by selling ice, Huntsville, Arkansas.
Wife and children of sharecropper in Washington County, Arkansas.
Lunchtime, Pulaski County, Arkansas. Stortz cotton plantation.
Lunchtime, Pulaski County, Arkansas.
Wife of a sharecropper, Stortz cotton plantation, Pulaski County, Arkansas.
Cotton picking scene, Pike County, Mississippi.
Son of a cotton sharecropper, Lauderdale County, Mississippi.
Picking cotton, Lauderdale County, Mississippi.
Cotton sharecropper, Lauderdale County, Mississippi.
Truck dropping building materials, Grady County, Georgia.
Slaughtering a bull, Grady County, Georgia.
Blacksmith and foreman, Grady County, Georgia.
Children of resettled farmer who has been moved into a new house, Wolf Creek Farms, Grady County, Georgia.
Young farmer who has been resettled, Penderlea, North Carolina.
Wife and children of resettled farmer, Jackson County, Alabama
Wife and child of sharecropper, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana.
Son of a successful rehabilitation client, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana.
18 Vintage Photos of Wrestlers from the Early 20 Century
Professional wrestling, in the sense of traveling performers paid for mass entertainment in staged matches, began in the post-Civil War period in the late 1860s and 1870s. During this time, wrestlers were often athletes with amateur wrestling experience who competed at traveling carnivals with carnies working as their promoters and bookers. Grand circuses included wrestling exhibitions, quickly enhancing them through colorful costumes and fictional biographies for entertainment, disregarding their competitive nature. Wrestling exhibits during the late 19th century were also shown across the United States in countless "athletic shows" (or "at shows"), where experienced wrestlers offered open challenges to the audience. It was at these shows, often done for high-stakes gambling purposes, that the nature of the sport changed through the competing interests of three groups of people: the impresarios, the carnies, and the barnstormers.
The popularity of wrestling during the early 20th century was highest in the Midwest, where ethnic European communities, many of them German, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Greek, and Scandinavian in ancestry, continued to carry on fighting styles practiced in their home nations. At this time, during the late 19th century, and early 20th century, the majority of wrestling was still competitive, and it was immensely popular. In fact, wrestling's popularity was second only to baseball from 1900 to the early 1920s, launching trading cards and competitive wrestling programs in colleges, high schools, and athletic clubs, legacies that have endured to the present day.
In the 1930s and 1940s, small wrestling promotions had fierce competition with each other, often stealing talents and "invading" enemy companies to win over fans. With inter-promotional matches occurring nationwide, the promotions were vying for dominance. In 1948, wrestling reached new heights after a loose confederation was formed between independent wrestling companies. This was known as the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA). In the late 1940s to 1950s, the NWA chose Lou Thesz to unify the various world championships into a single "World Heavyweight" title. Thesz's task was not easy, as some promoters, reluctant to lose face, went so far as to shoot title matches to keep their own champions popular with the fans.
Wrestler George Steadman ready for action, 1905. (Photo by Reinhold Thiele/Thiele/Getty Images)
Turn of the century wrestler Johann Lemm striking a pose, circa 1908. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images).
German strongman Eugene Sandow and Goliath wrestling with a bear, circa 1910. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
A member of the Indian Wrestling Team, Goulam Maihidiu, 1911. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)
A children's wrestling contest at the annual festival in Hadong, Indo-China, circa 1920. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Yokio Tani (l) a world's champion wrestler and A. J. Davey giving a display of Kine-no-Kata as part of an exhibition of the Japanese art of self-defence. The exhibition was given by the Budokwai (the Ways of Knighthood Society). (Photo by Edward G. Malindine/Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)
A match in progress between Argentinian wrester Alvarez and her Swiss opponent Mme Roxanne, April 1914. (Photo by Vidal/Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)
A group of students in a Ju Jitsu class learn how to break a strangle hold, circa 1925. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
A wrestling match between Jack Dempsey (1895–1983) and Bull Montana, April 1925. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)
Primo Carnera (1906–1967) the Italian heavyweight boxer and wrestler poses in a leopard skin to represent a cave-man at a “Joy of Life” Ball at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London. 13th December 1929. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)
A friendly wrestling match at Ingham Old Hall summer camp, Norwich, which has just been opened by the Seaside Camps and Settlements Association in memory of their chairman, the late Lord Knebworth. 150 boys from Woking are currently enjoying their time there. 3rd July 1934. (Photo by Fred Morley/Fox Photos/Getty Images)
Indian wrestlers Rashid Anwar (left) and Ajaib Singh in a training bout at Lane's Club in Baker Street London before the Empire Games, 19th July 1934. (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Jacobus Van Dyn, known to Londoners as the “Tattoo Man” and lecturer, tries out a few holds in the dressing room at the Manor Place Baths before a contest in his new profession of wrestling, circa 1936. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Mr. Les Oliver's alsatian, “Bruce”, amusing the crowds during a display at Liverpool, June 1936. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images)
Estonian wrestler Kristjan Palusalu, who won the gold medal in both the freestyle and Greco-Roman heavyweight wrestling events at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, August 1936. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Ross Allen is famous throughout Florida for his alligator taming skills and bravery. Allen wrestles with an alligator underwater, keeping a tight hold on the beast's mouth as it easier to keep the dangerous jaws from opening than it is to keep them from closing. 11th October 1938. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images)
Trainee policewomen at Peel House watching as one of their colleagues is held in an arm lock during ju-jitsu lessons for self defence. 22nd July 1939. (Photo by Kurt Hutton/Picture Post/Getty Images)
Recruits for the RAF Police receive instruction in strong “ground holds” as part of their ju-jitsu training at RAF Headquarters, July 1940. (Photo by William Vanderson/Fox Photos/Getty Images)
20 Stunning Black and White Photographs Document Everyday Life in The Netherlands from the 1940s
Emmy Andriesse (1914 - 1953) is one of the most important 20th Century women photographers. Andriesse was born into a liberal Dutch Jewish family. She was trained at the Royal Academy of Art in the Hague under the aegis of Gerrit Kiljan and Paul Schuitema, who pioneered the "New Photography", based on Bauhaus principles - as well as encouraging students to experiment with its role as a documentary medium.
Amazing Photographs Capture Everyday Life of Old Shanghai during the 1920s and 1930s
Old Shanghai was a city unlike any other. Notable for its free port, it was where the whole world came to work and play. Disparate Europeans and adventuring Americans rubbed shoulders with Jewish émigrés, Japanese expats and Russians: it was indeed a city with many faces.
In the 1920s, an eighteen year old Frenchman called Louis-Philippe Messelier set forth for the city of Shanghai to partake in the buzzing wool trade there. Based in the French concession of Shanghai, he juggled his business career with taking photographs as a journalist for the French Journal of Shanghai.
Louis-Philippe Messelier was everywhere: down the streets to see the ritual processions, the acrobats and the snake charmers; at the races with the local aristocracy; inside film studios; on the top of roof taking aerial views; in the countryside admiring the beauty of antic remains or fishermen’s cottages. He captured everything in a sincere and singular manner.
Snake charmer, Shanghai, 1929
Japanese ladies in Shanghai's harbor, 1930
Shanghai, the Bund, 1929
Crowd and boats on the bund N°1, Shanghai, 1929
Crowd and boats on the bund N°2, Shanghai, 1929
Young Acrobats N°1 French concession, Shanghai, 1930
Street Theater, 1928, Shanghai
Making a movie N°1, circa 1930
Religious dignitary, Shanghai, circa 1930
Japanese itinerant Kumosu monk, Shanghai, circa 1932
Fuzhou street, French concession, Shanghai, circa 1930
Junks on the Huang-Pu river, Shanghai, 1930
At the Racecourse
Old man eating noodles in his shop, bird in a cage, Shanghai, 1923