From Marilyn Monroe to Jack Nicholson, Here Are 30 Breathtaking Portrait Photos of Hollywood Icons Taken by Douglas Kirkland
When you think of enchanting images of Hollywood stars — Marilyn Monroe wrapped up in silk sheets, Audrey Hepburn flashing a knowing grin — do you wonder about the person behind the camera? And how they possibly captured that delicate moment?
For the past 50 years, photographer Douglas Kirkland has found new angles on the world's most familiar faces. The Fort Erie transplant still surprises himself with stories from the field; like that time Elizabeth Taylor agreed to let him photograph her after a prolonged break from the public eye.
Douglas Kirkland was born in 1934 in Fort Erie, Ontario. At age twenty-four, Kirkland was hired as a staff photographer for Look magazine and became famous for his 1961 photos of Marilyn Monroe taken for Look's 25th anniversary issue. He later joined the staff of Life magazine.
A Who's Who of notable persons have posed for Kirkland from the great photography innovator Man Ray and photographer/painter Jacques Henri Lartigue to Dr. Stephen Hawking. Entertainment celebrities he has photographed include Mick Jagger, Sting, Björk, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Morgan Freeman, Orson Welles, Andy Warhol, Oliver Stone, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Leonardo DiCaprio, Coco Chanel, Marlene Dietrich, Brigitte Bardot, Judy Garland, Elizabeth Taylor, Sophia Loren, Catherine Deneuve, Michael Jackson, and Diana Ross. Kirkland's portrait of Charlie Chaplin is at the National Portrait Gallery in London.
Sleeping With the Enemy: Pictures of Collaborator Girls in World War II, Some Are Shocking Ones!
There are thousands joyful pictures of the liberation of France in 1944. But among the cheering images there are also shocking ones. These show the fate of women accused of "collaboration horizontale". It is impossible to forget Robert Capa's fallen-Madonna image of a shaven-headed young woman, cradling her baby, implicitly the result of a relationship with a German soldier.
In 1942, Germany dominated most of Europe. Greater Germany had been enlarged at the expense of its neighbors. They were there, and, like soldiers of every army of every period of history, as soon as they got comfortable they started scouting around for women. And, as always in times of military occupation, there were women to be found.
The punishment of shaving a woman's head had biblical origins. In Europe, the practice dated back to the dark ages, with the Visigoths. During the middle ages, this mark of shame, denuding a woman of what was supposed to be her most seductive feature, was commonly a punishment for adultery. Shaving women's heads as a mark of retribution and humiliation was reintroduced in the 20th century. After French troops occupied the Rhineland in 1923, German women who had relations with them later suffered the same fate. And during the Second World War, the Nazi state issued orders that German women accused of sleeping with non-Aryans or foreign prisoners employed on farms should also be publicly punished in this way.
Another collaborator, somewhere in France. Found on a German POW.
German soldiers exchanging their clothes with their girlfriends. Those uniforms really fit those Frenchwomen pretty well!
Nobody seems to know where this photo came from. It shows a young lady in an officer's (Untersturmführer) uniform. Women could not join SS units except as auxiliaries, and certainly did not wear SS officer uniforms.
Off-duty Wehrmacht soldier spending a day at the pool with his girlfriend.
French girl engaged to German soldier follows him into prison compound after his capture near Orleans by U.S. forces. This would have been around August 1944. She undoubtedly was safer in there with him than on the streets, subject to abuse by the partisans.
This Frenchwoman does not look like she is suffering, nor the ones in the background.
A French woman cavorting with members of Hitler's SS in bars and cabarets.
Members of the Norwegian collaborationist Special Squad Lola (Sonderabteilung Lola) whose mission was to infiltrate the Norwegian resistance, are being tried after the war. Spirits seem to be high - indicating the level of callousness of these hardened war criminals. Lola worked under the orders of the SS/SD; several hundred Norwegians were tortured, and it is believed that Lola killed more than 80 people. Ten defendants, all men, were found guilty and shot. The rest (the women) received long prison sentences.
There are thousands upon thousands of joyful pictures of the liberation of France in 1944. But among the cheering images there are also shocking ones. These show the fate of women accused of “collaboration horizontale”.
Belgian women who had collaborated with the Germans are shaved, tarred and feathered and forced to give a Nazi salute.
A Nazi “collaborator” - a French woman having her head shaved following liberation, as punishment for an on-going sexual relationship with a Nazi soldier during the occupation of France.
Female French collaborator having her head shaved during Liberation of Marseilles. Some of the onlookers appear quite amused.
Women who consorted with the Germans during the occupation are driven through the streets of Cherbourg by members of the French resistance. Their head were shaved in order to humiliate them. The perks of sleeping with SS men were extra rations or quality food, access to forbidden luxury goods such as perfume and stockings and freedom from certain restrictions. The downside as seen by their contemporaries who later shot or ostracized and humiliated them was complicity in - or perhaps even knowledge of - the hell and slaughter of the concentration camps.
Going strictly by their attire and their, shall we say, defiant postures, these may have been working girls. Parading them around like this may seem a bit much to today’s audience, but at the time, this image would have evoked feelings of victory and just retribution. Some probably wanted them shot out of hand.
A French woman collaborator and her baby, whose father is German, returns to her home followed by a throng of taunting townspeople after having her head shaven following the capture of Chartres by the Allies, August 1944. It appears that she is passing some women who suffered a similar fate. Photo by Robert Capa.
In the streets of Brignoles, angry French citizens publicly rebuke a woman who is suspected of having collaborated with the Germans. Women often were the most upset with other women who collaborated.
Members of the French resistance in Cherbourg shear the hair of women who collaborated with the Germans during the occupation.
A woman with a shaven head, accused of collaborating with the Germans during the German occupation of France, is marched away by a member of the French Resistance in a street at Chartres after the city's liberation. August 1944.
Accused collaborators photographed after being punished by the French resistance. Funnily enough, the resistance punished collaborators in the same manner that only years early the Nazi party had used on perpetrators who had been perpetrators of “race crimes” (i.e., having sex with the wrong people) in Germany and Austria.
Members of the French resistance lead two women accused of being German sympathizers to the local prison, where their heads will be shaved as punishment for collaboration. Notice how they are touching their soon-to-be-shorn locks. August 29, 1944.
A French woman accused of sleeping with Germans has her head shaved by neighbors in a village near Marseilles. Note the large crowd of partisans.
In the Normandy village of Liesville, angry French patriots take hold of Juliette Audieve, thought to have been a collaborator with the Germans. It appears the two ladies standing casually by are also partisans.
Moments later, the two French patriots try to cut off the hair of Juliette Audieuve as punishment for collaborating with the German forces occupying France during World War II, Liesville, France, 1944.
There she goes under the scissors.
A collaborator being humiliated, with the usual crowd of people above suspicion.
The Dragettes – Pictures of the Kansas City’s All-Girl Hot Rod Club in the 1950s
These photographs were taken by Francis Miller for LIFE magazine of an all-girls hot rod club called “The Dragettes” in what appears to be 1950s Kansas City.
Unfortunately, we didn't find anything relevant about these ladies, but there is a newspaper article about the KCTA- Kansas City Timing Association which conducted the drag races at that time.
It all began in 1955 when Eugene M. Pond, then Kansas City’s chief of detectives who now is chief of police in Wichita , became alarmed at the menacing hot-rod situation here. Motorcycle patrolmen were having a tough time coping with wildcatting, illegal drag racing, on city streets. High speed chases of 100 miles an hour or more were common occurrences.
Pond held a series of meetings with motor-happy youngsters that resulted in formation of the timing accociation. The Kansas City Southern Lines offered a plot of land for $2 a year. A loan of $70,000, to be repaid from profits of the strip , was obtained from a patron group and a contractor agreed to contribute half the cost of grading and paving.
Caught in a swirl of public enthusiasm, the strip was finished two months sooner than planned and suddenly, nocturnal cat and mouse episodes between dragsters and police largely disappeared. The situation has remained relatively the same ever since.
30 Badass Vintage Photographs of Women Getting Tattooed
Although we are used to seeing girls with beautiful, striking tattoos, tattoos have been an extremely popular trend only for a few decades now. Or isn’t it so? Since the late 19th century, tattoos may not have been that popular, but they were a thing for show-women and bold, progressive ladies.
Check out these badass ladies who getting tattooed on their bodies, long before it was cool.
An artist creating skin motifs for evening wear on models at the Hair and Beauty Fair, Olympia, London. 20th September 1938.
A service woman has a tattoo done on her arm in Aldershot, England, in 1951.
A tattoo artist paints a permanent beauty spot on the cheek of a woman at his workshop in Copenhagen in 1956.
A tattooist paints a small rose on the thigh of a woman in 1961.
Tattooist Les Skuse works on a large Japanese scene across the back of a client in 1960.
Japanese tattoo artist Tokumitsu Uchida works over the outline of a design during the 1950s.
Deafy Grassman tattooing his wife, Stella, ca. 1930s.
A tattoo artist inks a client in 1960 with the name of her partner, Jim.
Famed tattoo artist George Burchett works on a client’s thigh in 1930.
A woman having an image of a snake tattooed onto her thigh by George Burchett, 1928.
A young woman shows off her chest tattoo of a horse and jockey in 1930.
Tattooist Les Skuse at work on tattooed beauty Pam Nash, ca. 1960s.
A film fan uses a mirror to admire the image of film star Gary Gooper she has had tattooed on her back by George Burchett a London tattooist, 1936.
A tattooist painting a bluebird on a woman’s breast, 1965.
A woman getting an interesting shoulder piece in 1928.
A tattooist works on a chest piece in 1964.
This woman seen being inked by legendary Bowery tattooist Charlie Wagner, ca. 1920s.
Beachcomber Bill’s wife; Brenda; smiles from table as he shows how he applies tattoo, 1975.
An American tattoo artist working on a client’s shoulder, 1973.
Al Schiefley and Les Skuse apply ink to a willing dish, 1955.
A woman getting tattooed by Charles Wagner.
Woman getting a traditional Japanese tattoo.
An unidentified Japanese tattoo artist works on a woman's backside, ca. 1930s.
Woman being tattooed, ca. 1940s.
An English woman wearing a pair of elegant crystal earrings is seen getting her first tattoo in 1930.
Janet “Rusty” Skuse was honored by the Guinness World Records as Britain's most tattooed woman for over 20 years.
Doris Sherrel getting her social security number tattooed by Jack Julian, 1942.
A woman lays her Kimono down as she gets a traditional Japanese tattoo, ca. 1930s.
Long Before Amazon, There Was Bookmobiles! These 30 Libraries-on-Wheels Looked Way Cooler Than Your Local Libraries
A travelling library often used to provide books to villages and city suburbs that had no library buildings, the bookmobile went from a simple horse-drawn cart in the 19th century to large customised vehicles that became part of American culture and reached their height of popularity in the mid-twentieth century. Let’s take a little trip down memory lane with this forgotten four-wheeler...
A horse-drawn cart in Washington in the 1900s. It was one of the first American bookmobiles, built in 1905, but was hit and destroyed by a train in 1910.
A bookmobile in Indonesia, early 20th century.
A bookmobile in Indonesia, early 20th century.
The Book Caravan, one of the first traveling bookshops, 1920.
Books free for everybody, right at the door – if you vote "yes"
An opened bookmobile, 1925
Multnomah County Library, 1926
Book Caravan in Iowa, c.1927
The first bookmobile of the Public Library of Cincinnati, c. 1927.
Rockville Fair, Maryland, 1928
Three of the bookmobile staff, c.1930
The Library’s bookmobile on Compton Road, c.1933
Greensboro, North Carolina, 1936
The Library’s bookmobile in Sharonville, circa 1938
A circulating library in a streetcar in Munich, Germany
A tram in Berlin with 2400 books in Berlin, 1952
Framingham Public Library, 1956
A mobile library in Canterbury
A Czech book truck
Inside a bookmobile, c.1960s
An impatient queue for a Dutch bookmobile
A Boston Public Library bookmobile, 1963
A bus with a view, 1967
Onboard the Connecticut State Library’s Bookmobile with Margaret Sullivan and Marcella Finan, 1967.
The bookmobile of Providence Public Library, 1967
Utah State Library Bookmobile on the Road, c.1970
A mobile library in Kurdistan, Iran, 1970
Bookmobile at Anne Arundel County Fair, 1973.
Paul Buttars, former manager of the Utah State Library Bookmobile Program, in one of the “older” bookmobiles. Taken in Chesterfield, UT, c.1975.
20 Surf Photos That Show Women Making Waves from the 1930s through the 1960s
In the early 20th century, wooden surfboards were long and heavy — measuring 15 feet long and weighing nearly 100 pounds — which prevented many women from taking up the sport.
But by the 1940s and 1950s, Malibu surfers had developed "girl boards," also known as the "Malibu chip." These were made of balsa wood and were easier for women to handle.
Whilst surfing was spreading across the globe and growing organically it was a 1959 film about a girl with big ideas called Gidget which catapulted surfing culture into the stratosphere. The film, set around Malibu in California, was a wild success, bringing surfing massive mainstream exposure and nothing would ever be the same again.
Surfing went through the roof in the 1960s. Hollywood jumped on the Gidget bandwagon and filmed more surf movies.
Here are 20 interesting vintage photos of women surfers from between the 1930s and 1960s:
Six young women are ready with their surf boards on a beach in southern California, circa late 1920s/early 1930s. (Underwood Archives—Getty Images)
Women surfboarders form a star as they lie on their huge hollow surfboards on Santa Monica beach, circa 1935. (General Photographic Agency—Getty Images)
Surfers in the water in Hawaii, 1938. (Toni Frissell—Condé Nast/Getty Images)
Geraldine Mathis being pulled along on her surfboard by a car driven along the sand near the mouth of the Necanicum River in Oregon circa 1940. (FPG—Getty Images)
A lifeguard teaches four women how to handle a surfboard on the beach at Newquay in Cornwall, 1950. (J. R. T. Richardson/Fox Photos—Getty Images)
Expert surfer Betty Hunt riding the waves at Newquay, Cornwall, 1952. (John Chillingworth/Picture Post—Getty Images)
Three surfing girls (left to right, Marilyn Ridge, Lyn Connelly, Dee Delaney) prepare to ride the swell and maybe catch a tube or two down on Newquay beach, Cornwall, 1955. (Russell Knight/BIPS—Getty Images)
16 yr. old surfer Kathy (Gidget) Kohner on the beach with her surfboard, 1957. (Allan Grant—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)
American actor Sandra Dee walks on the beach, carrying a surfboard in a still from the film, 'Gidget,' directed by Paul Wendkos, 1959. (Columbia Pictures—Courtesy of Getty Images)
Two women carrying their surfboards at the beach, 1960. (Marka/UIG—Getty Images)
Members of the North Bay surfing club upload their surf boards from a station wagon at Malibu Beach, Calif. on July 12, 1961. (AP Photo)
Linda Benson of the United States in competition for the women’s title of the World Surfboard Riding Championships staged at Sydney’s Manley Beach, Australia on May 17, 1964. (AP Photo)
Maureen Horsley, 18, of Sydney, Australia, left, and American champion Linda Benson, 20, of the Encinitas Club of California, prepare for a dip in the Australian surf on May 16, 1964, in a warm-up for the World Surfboard Riding Championships at Sydney’s Manly Beach. (AP Photo)
A woman carries her surf board down to the water on a beach near Sydney, Australia, circa 1965. (Archive Photos—Getty Images)
Sally Field from the television series, 'Gidget,' posing in a swimsuit with a surfboard on the beach, circa 1965. (ABC Television—Courtesy of Getty Images)
Water ski champions demonstrating their skills as they ride the wake of the waves without the use of a tow-line, at Cypress Gardens in California, 1965. (Keystone-France/;Gamma-Keystone—Getty Images)
Surfers enjoying the warm waters of Miami Beach, Fla., 1966. (Joe Migon—AP Photo)
US surfer, Kathie Lacroix, during the Woman's World Surfing Championships, 1966. (Charles Bonnay—The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images)
A woman in a checkered bikini leaning on a surf board Circa 1967 in Los Angeles. (Michael Ochs Archives—Getty Images)
Stevie Nicks Can Kill You! Funny Pictures of the Front-Woman of Fleetwood Mac Practicing Some Karate Moves With Her Security Guard in the 1980s
These pictures from Bob Jones' Hands Off, a self-defense guide for women in 1983, which also featured Stevie Nicks on the cover. Bob was a bodyguard for Stevie and Chris. The photographs captured Stevie practicing some karate moves with her security guard Bob Jones in the garden of her LA home.
“On the day of the shoot I was standing in my martial arts training uniform, wearing my Black Belt. Then Stevie appeared, her hair done to resemble the mane of a lion. She was psyched up for some serious photographing. Stevie wore her familiar thick-soled, thick-heeled, knee-high brown suede kid leather boots. High roll-over socks appeared over the top of these elegant Swedish boots and hung tentatively around her knees.” – Bob Jones recalled.
“The seductiveness of her partially exposed cleavage was the next thing any red-blooded male would have his attention drawn to... Stevie also had on the most unusual dress, with a snow white multi-layered, multi-lengthed hem-line. The white chiffon had multi-colored flowers. With the sun behind us during the shoot, Stevie would kick, sometimes over my head, so her dress would spread like a giant Japanese fan or butterfly wing.
“In these kicking-style photographs the sun also made her dress partially see-through: just enough to be artistically interesting.
“This lady was a professional: in two hours I had a hundred of the most magnificent photos ever offered to the martial arts, and just one would make the cover.”
21 Haunting Vintage Pictures of the Refugee Crisis Caused by World War II
The conflict sent millions of Europeans fleeing the persecution, fighting, and poverty that came with it. The displacement began even before the war did, as the first signs of Nazi aggression pushed German residents and their neighbors—particularly Jews—to seek safety elsewhere. Migration continued throughout the war, as families left burned-out towns, children were sent to safer areas, and the scale of Nazi crimes increased. Even the return of peace saw a surge of refugees, with released prisoners as well as citizens of occupied Axis powers left wandering the continent.
All told, by some estimates, a total of about 60 million Europeans became refugees during the entire World War II period. According to the United Nations, a million people had yet to find a place to settle by 1951, more than five years after the fighting stopped.
The despair and urgency of Europe’s contemporary humanitarian plight has been powerfully communicated through photography, and that was no less true during the Second World War. These are just a few images that help convey the impact and scope of the post-war refugee crisis.
Betti Malek—pictured on May 17, 1945—was one of numerous child refugees brought from Belgium to England after the Germans seized Antwerp in 1940. (AP Photo)
German refugees and displaced persons crowding every square inch of a train leaving Berlin after the war's end. 1945. (Margaret Bourke-White—The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images)
On Aug. 10, 1944, a girl and her grandmother wait in a schoolyard in Saint-Pois, Normandy, France. Refugees fled to Saint-Pois to escape the fighting in Mortaine during the final battle for Normandy. (Galerie Bilderwelt—Getty Images)
In 1945, a handful of survivors remain of the 150 refugees who left Lodz in Poland two months earlier, headed for Berlin. They follow railway lines in the hope of being picked up by a British train. (Fred Ramage—Getty Images)
Refugees in La Gleize, Belgium, on Jan. 2, 1945, wait to be transported from the war-torn town after its recapture by American forces during the German thrust into the Belgium-Luxembourg salient. (Peter J. Carroll—AP Photo)
Refugees from across Central Europe queue for food at an Allied Forces refugee camp in Germany, on Mar. 20, 1945. (Allan Jackson/Keystone—Getty Images)
A stream of refugees and people who have been bombed out of their homes moving through destroyed streets in Germany in 1945, after end of war. On the left, two Soviet soldiers can be seen patrolling. (ullstein bild—Getty Images)
A group of Dutch refugee children arriving at Coventry Station in the U.K., in 1945. (Ian Smith—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)
German refugees fleeing from the Russian zone in the first few weeks after the end of World War II in Europe, seen on Oct. 25, 1945. They are sleeping on straw in a makeshift transit camp at Uelzen in the British zone of Germany. (Keystone—Getty Images)
German refugees crowding the market square on Mar. 3, 1945, at Juchen, Germany, a town captured by the U.S. Army at the end of the Second World War. (Fred Ramage/Keystone—Getty Images)
Exhausted, homeless German refugees huddled in a city municipal building seeking shelter. 1945. (Leonard McCombe—The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images)
Dutch child refugees arrival In Britain at Tilbury, Essex, on Mar. 11, 1945. The small paper parcel under the boy's arm contains all his luggage. (Ministry of Information Photo Division Photographer/IWM—Getty Images)
Refugees from eastern Germany around 1944-1945. (Berlin Verlag/Archiv/picture-alliance/dpa—AP Photo)
German civilian refugees prepare to flee war-torn Aachen, Germany as the battle for the doomed city draws to a close, Oct. 24, 1944. (Keystone—AP Photo)
Women and children standing at the roadside in 1945. (dpa/picture-alliance/dpa—AP Photo)
Swiss Jew Eva Bass, formerly a nightclub singer in Paris, entering refugee camp at Fort Ontario, with her children Yolanda and Joachim, whom she carried on a 60-km trek through the fighting lines to reach the American transport ship Henry Gibbins. 1944. (Alfred Eisenstaedt—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)
German civilian refugees walking through the streets of Aachen, Germany, on their way to a safer area away from the combat zone, on Oct. 15, 1944. (FPG/Hulton Archive—Getty Images)
A Civil Affairs Refugee Camp in France, 1944. (Ralph Morse—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)
War refugees walking through Berlin with their belongings on Dec. 15, 1945. (dpa DANA/picture-alliance/dpa—AP Photo)
A Frenchwoman with two children and belongings loaded on a baby carriage seen in Haguenau, France on Feb. 20, 1945, before they started on their long trek to a safe rear area. They are some of the refugees leaving the town because of the planned withdrawal of the 7th U.S. Army. (AP Photo)
An attendant with white brassard (front, r) accompanies newly arrived refugees, in January 1946, through the refugee camp in Bebra, Germany. (dpa/picture-alliance/dpa—AP Photo)
Japanese Gangster – Gorgeous Vintage Photos of Yakuza With Their Full Body Suit Tattoos
Traditional Japanese tattooing, or irezumi, has been intertwined with the yakuza since their inception. In the Edo period (1603 to 1868), criminals were tattooed by authorities in a practice known as bokkei, making it hard for them to reenter society and find work. The tattoo culture of the yakuza evolved in protest to this branding.
The meaning of yakuza tattoos are usually related to imagery and symbolism in Japanese art, culture, and religion. The full body suit tattoo, in particular, is a product of yakuza culture. In the past, it was obligatory in many yakuza clans for members to get tattoos. In modern times, the practice is not as common; many yakuza in the 21st century maintain clean skin to better blend in with society. Conversely, more and more non-yakuza in Japan are getting tattoos. Despite these changes, being tattooed is considered a rite of passage for the yakuza.
30 Rare and Amazing Vintage Photos That Document Daily Life of Gypsy Rose Lee, America's Most Celebrated Stripper, in 1949
Ask any American today under the age of, say, 40, "Who was Gypsy Rose Lee?" and chances are pretty good that the reaction will be utter bewilderment. "Gypsy Rose who?"
Gypsy Rose Lee (born Rose Louise Hovick, 1911-1970) was—and remains—a force in American popular culture not because she acted in films (although she did act in films) or because she wrote successful mystery novels (although she did write successful mystery novels). The reason Lee's influence endures can be attributed to two central elements of her remarkable, all-American life story: first, her 1957 memoir, Gypsy; and second, her career in burlesque, when she became the most famous—and perhaps the most singularly likable—stripper in the world.
"I'm probably the highest paid outdoor entertainer since Cleopatra," she's quoted as saying in the June 6, 1949 issue of LIFE. "And I don't have to stand for some of the stuff she had to."
These rare and amazing black and white photos were taken by George Skadding, a LIFE staffer far better known for photographing presidents (he was long an officer of the White House News Photographers Association) than burlesque stars. But, as the images in this gallery attest, Gypsy was hardly just another stripper; instead, as a performer, a wife and a mother of a young son, she had something about her—an approachable, self-deprecating demeanor aligned with a quiet self-certainty—that any politician would envy.
Burlesque star Gypsy Rose Lee with fellow performers in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee in front of a crowd in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee, 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy dictates a letter to her secretary, Brandy Bryant, who doubles up by doing a strip bit in the show.
Gypsy Rose Lee (left) and other performers in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee (right) dresses other performers in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee (center) dresses other performers in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee writes in her dressing room in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee (top) with another performer in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee (right) coaches another performer in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee (center) and other performers in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Audience at a Gypsy Rose Lee burlesque show in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
In a reverse strip-tease act, Gypsy introduces near-nudes like Florence Bailey, and dresses them on the stage.
Gypsy Rose Lee burlesque show in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee autographs programs for fans after a show in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee and some of the dancers in her show pose for publicity pictures with the carnival's "midget," K. O. Erickson.
Gypsy Rose Lee with her third husband, the painter Julio de Diego, 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee holds her 4-year-old son (by Otto Preminger), Erik, outside of her trailer, 1949.
Gypsy's friends in carnival include a sword swallower, a fire-eater and this cheerful bearded lady, Percilla Bejano, whose husband is the Alligator Man."
Gypsy Rose Lee with fellow carnival performers in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy's husband, Julio, paints the entrance while Gypsy and son watch. His attraction [in the carnival] is called Dream Show.
Gypsy Rose Lee, 1949.
Gypsy Rose rides the Little Dipper with her son, Erik, and her husband, Julio, in Memphis, Tenn., 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee gives her son, Erik, cotton candy while her husband Julio De Diego watches, 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee with her husband Julio and son Erik, 1949.
Gypsy Rose Lee with her husband, Julio de Diego, 1949.
Between shows Gypsy and family manage to sneak off for sundown fishing on Wolf River where Gypsy caught a catfish.
Gypsy Rose Lee, offstage, 1949.
(Photos: George Skadding—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)
One of the Most Influential Martial Artists of All Time: 26 Fascinating Vintage Color Photos of Bruce Lee and His Family During the 1960s and '70s
Bruce Lee (1940-1973) was a Hong Kong and American martial artist, actor, philosopher, filmmaker, and founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do. Lee was the son of Cantonese opera star Lee Hoi-chuen. He is widely considered by commentators, critics, media, and other martial artists to be one of the most influential martial artists of all time, and a pop culture icon of the 20th century. He is often credited with helping to change the way Asians were presented in American films.
Lee was born in Chinatown, San Francisco, on November 27, 1940, to parents from Hong Kong and was raised in Kowloon, Hong Kong, with his family until his late teens. He was introduced to the film industry by his father and appeared in several films as a child actor.
Lee moved to the United States at the age of 18 to receive his higher education, at the University of Washington, at Seattle and it was during this time that he began teaching martial arts. His Hong Kong and Hollywood-produced films elevated the traditional Hong Kong martial arts film to a new level of popularity and acclaim, sparking a surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West in the 1970s. The direction and tone of his films changed and influenced martial arts and martial arts films in the US, Hong Kong and the rest of the world.
He is noted for his roles in five feature-length films: Lo Wei's The Big Boss (1971) and Fist of Fury (1972); Golden Harvest's Way of the Dragon (1972), directed and written by Lee; Golden Harvest and Warner Brothers' Enter the Dragon (1973) and The Game of Death (1978), both directed by Robert Clouse.
Lee became an iconic figure known throughout the world, particularly among the Chinese, as he portrayed Chinese nationalism in his films. He trained in the art of Wing Chun and later combined his other influences from various sources, in the spirit of his personal martial arts philosophy, which he dubbed Jeet Kune Do (The Way of the Intercepting Fist). Lee held dual nationality of Hong Kong and the US. He died in Kowloon Tong on July 20, 1973 at the age of 32.