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The Most Beautiful Metal

Scorpio

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#1
The Most Beautiful Metal

Richard (Rick) Mills
aheadoftheherd.com

Page 1 of 3



As a general rule, the most successful man in life is the man who has the best information


Vanadium is a soft, silvery gray, ductile transition metal and is the 22nd most abundant element in the Earth’s crust. Vanadium in not found by itself, instead it’s most often found in chemically combined forms occurring in about 65 different minerals and has been historically mined as a by-product of other mining operations.



Vanadium is primarily obtained from the minerals vanadinite (Pb5(VO)3Cl) and carnotite (K2(UO2)2VO4·1-3H2O). It is found in magnetite (iron oxide) deposits that are also very rich in the element titanium. It is also found in aluminum ore, rocks with high concentrations of phosphorous-containing minerals, and sandstones that have high uranium content. Vanadium is also recovered from carbon-rich deposits such as coal, oil shale, crude oil, and tar sands. Vanadium can be recycled from mining slag, oil field sludge, fly ash and other waste products.



Vanadium’s symbol, a V, is based on an 8th-century figurine of the Scandinavian goddess of beauty Freyja. The symbol is set against text from a 13th century Icelandic saga. Norsemen called Freyja by another name, Vanadis, which is where vanadium got its name.




Vanadium may be the most beautiful metal of all - once extracted and dissolved in water, various forms of vanadium turn into bright, bold colors.



A sword of Damascus steel was said to be so sharp that it could split a hair dropped on the blade, cut a floating feather in half or split wide open a steel helmet with equal ease. The blades were said to be so flexible they could bend through 90 degrees without breaking.



Most Damascus steel was derived from blocks of ''wootz,'' a form of steel produced from the vanadium-rich iron deposits in South India.



A big mystery down thru the ages is what were the properties of wootz that produced such blades - malleable when heated, extraordinarily tough when cooled and able to take on a razors edge and hold it thru the thick of battle.



The answer has come fairly recently - it takes high carbon content, vanadium and low metal working temperature to produce the much superior Damascus steel.



The Arabs took the steel to Damascus where it was used for many centuries.







The first time vanadium was discovered was in 1801 by Andrés Manuel del Rio, a Professor of Mineralogy in Mexico City. Rio sent samples, and a brief letter describing his discovery, to the Institute de France in Paris, France, for confirmation and credit. His letter was lost in a shipwreck and the Institute only received his samples which Rio had named erythronium.



In 1830, while analyzing samples of iron from a mine in Sweden, a Swedish chemist, Nils Gabriel Sefstrôm rediscovered vanadium.



In 1867, Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe, an English chemist, isolated vanadium by combining vanadium trichloride (VCl3) with hydrogen gas (H2).



In 1869, pure vanadium was produced by Henry Roscoe at Manchester, England.



Henry Ford was the first to use it on an industrial scale, in the 1908 Model T car chassis.



Uses



Vanadium has remarkable characteristics which give it the ability to make things stronger, lighter, more efficient and more powerful. Adding small percentages of it to steel and aluminium creates exceptionally ultra high-strength, super-light and more resilient alloys.



Nearly 80% of the vanadium produced is used to make ferrovanadium or as an additive to steel.





Vanadium-steel and Ferrovanadium (a strong, shock resistant and corrosion resistant alloy of iron containing between 1% and 6% vanadium) alloys are used to make such things as axles, crankshafts and gears for cars, parts of jet engines, springs and cutting tools.



Although other metals can also have similar effects on steel only a small amount of Vanadium is required to dramatically increase its tensile strength, making Vanadium one of the most cost-effective additives in steel alloys.







Less than 1% of vanadium, and as little chromium, makes steel shock resistant and vibration resistant.



Vanadium-titanium alloys have the best strength-to-weight ratio of any engineered material on earth.



Vanadium, being corrosion resistant, is used to make special tubes and pipes for the chemical industry.



Since vanadium does not easily absorb neutrons it has important applications in the nuclear power industry.



A thin layer of vanadium is used to bond titanium to steel.

more at the link:
http://aheadoftheherd.com/Newsletter/2017/The-Most-Beautiful-Metal.htm
 

the_shootist

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#2
Anyone minting Vanadium eagles yet? :)
 
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It also is useful for glycemic index. I usually take small dosages in multivitamins. https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-749/vanadium
Vanadium is used for prediabetes and diabetes. It is also used for low levels of sugar in the blood (hypoglycemia), high levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia), heart disease, and other conditions.

How does it work?
There is some evidence that vanadium might act like insulin, or help to increase the effects of insulin.
 
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Recent news (2 hours ago) from junior miner network (I would guess this metal is going to be far more interesting in the future, considering that a few mines are being explored in Canada, oil is not what it used to be, and the rest of that important alloy component is mostly found in the empire of the middle)

These results confirm that the graphitic metasediments within the Huzyk Creek Property host potentially significant vanadium mineralization which is a new exploration target in Manitoba. To the Company’s knowledge, no prior exploration has been carried out for this type of vanadium mineralization in the province. The Company plans to continue to define further vanadium targets within the Huzyk Creek Property.

https://www.juniorminingnetwork.com...m-property-amendment-to-option-agreement.html

https://www.vanadianenergy.com
Vanadian Energy Corporation is an energy minerals focused company headed by an experienced team, well versed in mineral exploration and capital markets. The company is focused on the strategic acquisition, exploration, and development of high quality energy mineral properties in Canada and around the world.
 

Buck

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#7
i'm still in the 'gutter'...what'd i miss?
 
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another vanadium corporation (from Australia) that is drilling in crown land and shipping the rods in Montreal for verification.
  • Australian Vanadium (AVL) has received approval from the Western Australian Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety for the Coates vanadium deposit
  • This application will see 15 holes be drilled at the deposit, concentrating on the vacant crown land portion
  • The intention is to prepare the diamond drill cores at a laboratory in Perth then ship them to Montreal for metallurgical testing
https://themarketherald.com.au/aust...approval-for-coates-vanadium-deposit-2020-01/
 

newmisty

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My first set of Craftsman tools were advertised as being made from "chrome vanadium steel." Good tools that work perfectly 50 years later to this day. The old box end and open end wrenches haven't missed a beat.
Thanks I was wondering where I had seen it before.
 

Irons

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#12
Brake pads and gold! 14k or 18k?
14k, and those brake pads are actually Neodymium Magnets from computer hard drives. When I scoop up that fancy gold ring full of diamonds or a big fat cuban link necklace and it sticks to the magnet I don't have to bother with getting excited.


.
 
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https://www.manmonthly.com.au/news/...mited-negotiations-chinese-vanadium-producer/

All the while, people are trying to fight nature& its children are left to dry&die. Some articles point toward the fact that it's being deliberalty lit.

Anyways, to return toward Vanadium, I think lots of it is now being extracted because they figured they can't always count on China, which holds most of the world's reserve, and with the so-called ''trade war'' rumors that have been shaking the planet, companies are seeking alternative sources.
 
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ok, took me a while to find worthy information yet now that I have, here it is. Quite a few articles in here, most of this points toward important informations so we can see why it's now being <<found>> all over the planet.


https://seekingalpha.com/article/40...es-to-power-27-billion-off-grid-energy-market (23rd times, article from pcy john lee)<

There are currently no operating vanadium primary mines in North America and only a handful of vanadium deposits in North America. Prophecy Development Corp. (OTCQX:pRPCF) is looking to develop its 80% owned titanium-vanadium-iron deposit, "Titan" into production. Titan is an exploration stage project situated in Ontario, Canada with good infrastructure



https://www.metalbulletin.com/Artic...ces-in-China-V2O5-climbs-again-in-Europe.html

China’s FeV, V2O5 exports fall more than 20% in 2019 on favorable domestic prices
A drop of more than 20% in China’s exports of ferro-vanadium in 2019 reflects a shrinking of buying interest because the domestic price was much more favorable than its European counterpart for the most of last year, market participants said.

China exported around 4,902 tonnes of ferro-vanadium (basis 75% vanadium), down by 20.2% from 6,142 tonnes in 2018, according to official but unconfirmed data seen by Fastmarkets.

https://www.metalbulletin.com/Artic...-20-in-2019-on-favorable-domestic-prices.html

Chinese companies facing sanctions include Dandong Rich Earth Trading Company, which the US accused of buying vanadium ore from Korea Kumsan Trading Corporation, a company already sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council, according to a US Treasury Department announcement. Mingzheng International Trading Limited was also named in the action as a “front company” for North Korea’s Foreign Trade Bank.

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/pol...s-new-sanctions-chinese-and-russian-companies
 
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Well I found some new information on Vanadium stats. This article is so hot off the press that we're not even the 25th here in America ;)

https://www.australianmining.com.au/news/major-vanadium-prospect-declared-prescribed-qld-project/
Construction could commence in late 2020, with the first vanadium exports proposed to commence in 2021.

Vanadium is not naturally found in its metallic form but occurs in more than 60 minerals as a trace element. China has almost half the world vanadium resources (46%) followed by Russia (25%), and South Africa (18%). Australia's has approximately 11% of the world's economic vanadium resources. Most commonly vanadium is found in titaniferous magnetite deposits and in uraniferous sandstone and siltstone, as well as bauxites and phosphorites.

https://www.mcres.com.au/copy-of-vanadis
 
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Seems the prices are down for a while still. Chances are they might bounce again, companies are releasing news to interest investors in their other projects. That craze doesn't look like it's going away anytime soon.

https://www.metalbulletin.com/Artic...economic-slowdown-fears-amid-coronavirus.html


Ssome domestic V2O5 producers held off from offering on the belief that alloy plants will return to the market for purchasing after securing orders from mills.
“We refrained from offering, though we received a lot of inquiries. This is because we don’t have much volume at hand in March due to output cuts, so there’s no need for hurried sales now,” a second Chinese V2O5 supplier said.
In Europe, meanwhile, vanadium prices were under pressure with both the alloy and pentoxide prices falling week on week.
Fastmarkets assessed the ferro-vanadium basis 78% V min, 1st grade, ddp Western Europe price at $25.65-26.95 per kg on Friday March 6, down from the midweek assessment of $26-27 per kg, when it had moved down from $27.50-29.95 per kg.
Ferro-vanadium prices in Europe have been on a downtrend for the past two weeks on weakening demand for vanadium products and global uncertainty amid the coronavirus outbreak.
“There are few inquiries around but there are still no end-users in the market,” a supplier in Europe said. “With a lot of material in Rotterdam, they’re all waiting for prices to move even lower.”
“But with China’s consumption slowly restarting and orders in the pipeline, the downtrend won’t last much longer,” the supplier added.
Fastmarkets' price assessment for vanadium pentoxide 98% V2O5 min, in-whs Rotterdam fell 6.2% to $5.80-7.10 per lb on Friday March 6, down from $6.50-7.25 per lb the previous week.
The price range widened while the spot market remained active last week, with 80 tonnes of concluded business reported to Fastmarkets during the pricing week.
“There is uncertainty in the market, with the full effects of the coronavirus slowdown still not fully realized, which is reflected in a wider range,” a trader in Europe said.
 
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And in the midst of this week's crash, well I found the cheapest stock ever that will most likely survive although it's drilling, not just biting, the dust, In Australia. The following article sings its praises and is a tad more boastful about facts than some other sources but at least, it keeps the head high& away from the gutter that most investors wish they could fly away from nowadays.

Don't get me wrong, I'm not into this for the pump&dump, no one is paying me for those, I just find it worth my while because ''lowest price ever'' is still better than ''none whatsoever''. Australian Vanadium Ltd ASX: AVL 0,0090 AUD 0,00 (0,00 %) https://g.co/kgs/SxnYve

It is considered as one of the highest-grade vanadium projects that is currently being developed in the world.

The total indicated, inferred and measured resource has now increased by 9.5 per cent to 208.2 million tonnes at 0.74 per cent vanadium pentoxide.
https://themarketherald.com.au/aust...ce-at-australian-vanadium-project-2020-03-04/
https://www.australianvanadium.com....WA-Project-Map-2020.03.09-Edit-HT-crop-v2.png
 

Aurumag

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I see what you did there!

14k, and those brake pads are actually Neodymium Magnets from computer hard drives. When I scoop up that fancy gold ring full of diamonds or a big fat cuban link necklace and it sticks to the magnet I don't have to bother with getting excited.

.
You are reminding us that Au is the most beautiful metal.
 

Aurumag

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December 2, 2019

The U.S. military has no margin for error, which is why our troops depend on the best materials when in training or out on mission. Vanadium is a metal that is both extremely strong and lightweight, making it ideal for military applications. By creating higher strength steel, vanadium allows for greater resistance to blasts and seismic shocks, so it is suitable for vehicles and high-speed aircraft alike.
The global vanadium market is small, about 80,000 metric tons in 2018, but demand boomed in 2008. One company that responded and increased production was the U.S. miner Energy Fuels. Energy Fuels has been a top producer in uranium for the past three years. However, vanadium is found in the same mines as uranium, and Energy Fuels has come to mine both minerals. The Colorado-based miner has operations in Utah, where it holds the only conventional vanadium mill in the U.S.
Despite leading as a uranium producer, Energy Fuels is the primary producer of vanadium in the U.S. In 2019, the company invested in upgrading their vanadium production, leading to commercial levels of highest purity vanadium in the history of its mill.
Vanadium is used in alloys like titanium that construct high-speed aircraft for both NASA and the U.S. military. Without it, we would not have the jet planes that carry out essential missions. Despite its small global production and relative anonymity, vanadium is an essential mineral.

Link
 
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Apparently (to save you the reading of this article) they're mentioning that they found a way to take mining waste and do batteries with it that would be fully rechargeable.

That's a pretty bold statement, considering it's piling worldwide and causing concern for the future generations. And the actual environment, decaying everything from the wild life, destroying habitats, laying waste to water sources& tables. Found this while evaluating the VS between ion-lithium& vanadium batteries ( of course there's always something new in the process.) the article was published 13 hours ago and more precisely two or three days ago already.


https://newatlas.com/energy/iron-aqds-flow-battery-usc/

For its design, the USC team used a waste product of the mining industry and an organic material that can be made from carbon-based feedstocks, including carbon dioxide, and is already used in other redox flow batteries.
 
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France&Australia are starting to agree on this, which does not look good for the lithium industry. Things will pick up again there sooner than later and when it does, this will be the next big thing ;D

https://www.energy-storage.news/new...ate-scheme-vanadium-mining-neoens-even-bigger

https://www.smh.com.au/business/com...ts-state-government-tick-20200421-p54lyr.html



Australia ROUNDUP: Victoria rebate scheme, Vanadium mining, Neoen’s even bigger ‘Big Battery’
Published: 21 Apr 2020, 09:12
By:
Andy Colthorpe


20 April 2020: Victoria plays up growing importance of aggregation as rebate scheme expands
The Australian state of Victoria has confirmed the continuation of a rebate scheme applying to residential purchases of solar and battery energy storage.
The Victoria Solar Homes Program was introduced in 2018, representing 10 years and AU$1.8 billion (US$1.13 billion) commitment to supporting solar PV, solar hot water systems and battery storage for solar systems at residential level. To date, around 67,000 homes have used the scheme.
The programme will be expanded as of July to include rebates for around half the price of an average 11kWh household battery and rebates for aggregated batteries to serve communities. The Victorian government said that aggregation of solar to help meet the peak - a la virtual power plants - “will increasingly become a vital tool to enable the increased visibility of energy usage across the grid”, as well as boosting reliability and security of the grid and allowing solar penetration of the grid to go to ever-higher levels without causing grid congestion. Some of the other new regulations for the scheme, for example, include that after 1 September, solar PV systems must come with internet connectivity.
In a programme currently pencilled in to support 10,000 battery deployments over 10 years, the government will hand out 500 rebates between July and December this year. For more details, including eligible vendor lists, the government has put out this guide. Several of Australia's states now have rebate or other incentive schemes in place to support solar-storage batteries, with South Australia - where hundreds of batteries have already been integrated in a virtual power plant - perhaps the most prominent example.
21 April 2020: Vanadium mining and processing plant plans given support as WA state government targets battery industry strategy
The government of Western Australia (WA) has handed support to a project by Australian Vanadium Limited, a vanadium mining company seeking to vertically integrate its supply chain with its vanadium flow battery subsidiary VSUN Energy.
Stock Exchange-listed Australian Vanadium has been given Lead Agency status in WA by the state government’s Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety (DMIRS) for its project to develop vanadium supply from a mining project and concentrator as well as a processing plant nearby (pictured below).
The Australian Vanadium Project was awarded Major Project Status by the Federal Government last September, with vanadium on a “critical materials” list not only in Australia but also in the UK and US. The metal is used not only in the energy storage industry as electrolyte material for redox flow batteries by some makers but is also used in the steel industry and aerospace construction.

At state level, the DMIRS will now “provide advice and assistance” to Australian Vanadium on how to coordinate getting project approvals across government. Australian Vanadium says that the project could create 500 jobs during construction, while resources thought to be available could support an initial 17-year lifetime for the facilities over just 2.5km of a total 11km of vanadium minerals thought to be in the area.
WA’s government is also targeting becoming a leading exporter of battery materials through a Future Battery Industry Strategy. Australian Vanadium and flow battery subsidiary VSUN meanwhile signed an agreement to work with the Future Batteries Industry Cooperative Research Centre (FBI CRC) on developing vanadium extraction and processing skills, particularly in Western Australia, in late 2018.

The planned Australian Vanadium Project. Image: Australian Vanadium.
Early April 2020: Neoen targeting AU$300m, 600MW battery project in Victoria
Also in Victoria, independent power producer Neoen, which earlier this month completed the 50% capacity expansion of its Hornsdale utility-scale battery in South Australia, filed an application to build a AU$300 million (US$189 million) battery project.
Energy-Storage.news had reported the expansion of the then-129MWh Hornsdale Power Reserve project last year, with the backing of the national Clean Energy Finance Council, for a project which is located near sizeable wind farms and expected to pay for itself within a few short years due to the important role it plays in ensuring grid stability and helping integrate renewable energy.
The France-headquartered firm more recently filed a project application to build what is expected to be an even bigger new battery project with developer Mondo Power. It will be located around 13km from the City of Geelong at the site of Moorabool Terminal Station, close to power network infrastructure and according to the documents and plans filed with the local authorities, will have a capacity of “up to 600MW,” and referred to as the Victorian Big Battery.
The plans put forward in support of the project note that Neoen’s Hornsdale project reduced electricity costs and prices for customers in South Australia by AU$50 million in its first year of operation alone. Consultanct Aurecon had found the first year to have been an "undeniable success" as this site reported back in late 2018. Energy-Storage.news sent a request for more information to the Neoen representative in Canberra, Australia, who's name is listed on the planning application but has not heard back in response. Back in September it was also reported that Neoen is developing a South Australia "energy superpark" including 1.2GW of wind, 600MW of solar and 800MW of battery storage capacity.
 
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#23
Some other recent news from Today's edition of Wired magazine had interesting information regarding the future of Vanadium. They also mention a Tesla plan in Australia, which makes it all the more interesting to invest in, at least that's how I see it, while it's dirt cheap.
https://www.wired.com/story/electric-grid-needs-big-vanadium-batteries/

The tech spec are kept for the end, where they mention that Lithium-ion can overheat to the point of exploding, doesn't keep the same charge constantly, while Vanadium is very stable and would be likely to keep the same amount of electricity a mare usque ad mare. Of course, that can take lots of place, yet it doesn't corrode and isn't likely to reach end of life as fast as lithium ion which can be very polluding in land fills and, I presume, difficult to recyle.
 
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Some more interesting news on Vanadium (From a company no one really heard of until recently) https://www.juniorminingnetwork.com...or-the-carlin-vanadium-project-in-nevada.html
Their stock isn't worth jack now, it was near 2$ earlier( as in two years ago, and that's as high as it ever got. Thought I'd mention, they might seem like junk stocks now yet they might have interesting values later, in many years from now)
https://firstvanadium.com/

*rather than cram some more information, I'll add to this, which is actually so dirt cheap that it reached 0,0 ozzie dollars in april. Still, it is interesting to notice that it actually was worth a whole lot more (from 8 to 10 Australian Dollars) **

https://stockhead.com.au/resources/thor-powering-up-with-us-uranium-and-vanadium-acquisition/

keywords; uranium, vanadium


“There are new nuclear reactors being built right now, one or two in the US, a bunch in China some in various different parts of Asia that will all require uranium fuel,” Billing said.

“Some of these will obviously take a while to construct and that’s acknowledged but the uranium industry is not going away.”
 
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https://www.proactiveinvestors.com....ress-vanadium-project-development-921851.html

*recent articles from a few minutes ago*

viewTechnology Metals Australia LtdTechnology Metals raises more than $2 million to progress vanadium project development
The company has released a 3D animation Gabanintha Vanadium Project flyover video showcasing detailed work undertaken in the definitive feasibility study completed in August 2019.

Funds raised will support environmental work and preparation of the Environmental Review Document
Technology Metals Ltd (ASX:TMT) has completed a placement of almost 13.7 million shares at a price of 15 cents per share to raise more than $2.054 million before costs.
Participants of the placement received a 1 for 2 free attaching option exercisable at 25 cents on or before June 15 2022.
Funds to advance Gabanintha project
Funds raised will be spent towards progressing development of the Gabanintha Vanadium Project, including advancing environmental work in support of the preparation of an Environmental Review Document (ERD) as well as for general working capital.
Drilling required to fully evaluate the good quality water source identified in a paleochannel to the northwest of the processing facility prior to submission of the ERD is expected to start early in the September quarter.
Supported by new and existing investors
The placement was well supported by new and existing sophisticated and strategic investors.
This included an initial investment by Xu Jinfu, the chairman and major shareholder of Guangzhou Tinci Materials Technology Co Ltd, a leading manufacturer and marketer of battery materials.
The strategic investors collectively have a wealth of experience and investments within the rapidly emerging battery metals markets.
Project flyover
Technology Metals has compiled a Gabanintha Vanadium Project Flyover and 3D Animation video.

The video provides an indication of the scale, quality and technical advantages of the project and highlights the level of detailed work undertaken in the high-quality definitive feasibility study completed in August 2019.